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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #696 - ἄργυρος

Transliteration
árgyros
Phonetics
ar'-goo-ros
Origin
from argos (shining)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. silver
    1. 1 Cor. 3:12 refers to the silver with which the columns of noble buildings were covered and the rafters adorned
    2. things made of silver
      1. vessels
      2. images of gods
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3701 ‑ כֶּסֶף (keh'‑sef);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (5)
Matthew
1
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
James
1
Revelation
1
NAS (4)
Matthew
1
Acts
1
James
1
Revelation
1
HCS (5)
Matthew
1
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
James
1
Revelation
1
BSB (5)
Matthew
1
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
James
1
Revelation
1
ESV (5)
Matthew
1
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
James
1
Revelation
1
WEB (5)
Matthew
1
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
James
1
Revelation
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄργῠρος, ὁ, (ἀργός A)

I

1. white metal, i.e. silver, ἐξ Ἀλύβης ὅθεν ἀργύρου ἐστὶ γενέθλη Il. 2.857; so πηγὴ ἀργύρου A. Pers. 238, etc.; ἄ. κοῖλος silver plate, Theopomp.Hist. 283a, Arist. Oec. 1350b23, etc.

2. ἄ. χυτός quicksilver, Id. de An. 406b19, Mete. 385b4, Thphr. Lap. 60.

II = cross ἀργύριον, silver-money, generally, money, A. Supp. 935; ἐπ' ἀργύρῳ γε τὴν ψυχὴν προδούς S. Ant. 322; εἴ τι μὴ ξὺν ἀργύρῳ ἐπράσσετ' by bribery, Id. OT 124; in later Prose, coupled with χρυσός, Matthew 10:9, Alciphr. 2.3.

III = cross λινόζωστος ἄρρην, Ps.- Dsc. 4.189.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἄργυρος , -ου ,

(< ἀργός , shining),

[in LXX for H3701;]

silver (on its relation to ἀργύριον , v. MM, s.v.): Matthew 10:9, Acts 17:29, James 5:5, Revelation 18:12.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The distinction between ἄργυρος ";s. ver"; and ἀργύριον ";silver used as money,"; which in classical Greek has exceptions on both sides, is generally observed in NT : ἀργύριον in 1 Corinthians 3:12 and ἄργυρος in Matthew 10:9 are the only clear exceptions. In the papyri ἄργυρος is as rare as ἀργύριον is ubiquitous. It figures frequently in P Leid X, a very long document dealing with metallurgical subjects (iii/iv A.D.). P Par 60 bis.32 (c. B.C. 200) has ἀργύρου στατήρων, and BGU III. 992ii. 5, .10 (B.C. 160) χαλκοῦ πρὸς ἄργυρον, but in P Lips I. 64.27 (iv/A.D.) (ργ)υ ̣ρον (curiously abbreviated) is ";Geld";. Silver as a metal is thus the prevailing sense in the few occurrences we can report from papyri, while ἀργύριον for money appears many hundred times. The differentiation affects a well-known compound in C. and B. no. 300.14 (ii. p. 466—Apamea) ἀργυριοταμιεύσαντα for ἀργυροτ. There are sundry derivatives of ἄργυρος, of which we might mention ἀργυρώνητος, occurring in P Saïd Khan 1a. 16 (B.C. 88) τὴν ἀ. ἄμπελον, P Lond 198.11 (A.D. 169–77) (= II. p. 173), BGU IV. 1105.21 (B.C. 11) καθυβρίζει καὶ τὰς χεῖρας ἐπιφέρων χρῆται ὡς ο ̣ ̣δ ̣ε ̣̣ ἀργυρ ̣ω ̣ν ̣η ̣τ ̣ωι ";treats me as he would not treat a thing he had bought";—the reading is not certain. In the LXX the disparity between the frequency of ἄργυρος and ἀργύριον is just what it is in papyri. In MGr ἄργυρος is the metal.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αργυρίω αργυρον άργυρον ἄργυρον αργυρος άργυρος ἄργυρος αργυρου αργύρου ἀργύρου αργυρω αργύρω ἀργύρῳ αργυρώνητοι αργυρώνητον αργυρώνητος αργυρωνήτους άρδην arguro argurō arguron arguros argurou argyro argyrō argýroi argýrōi argyron árgyron argyros árgyros argyrou argýrou
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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