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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #795 - ἀστοχέω

Word Origin
from a compound of (1) (as a negative particle) and stoichos (an aim)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to deviate from, miss (the mark)
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS (3) HCS (3)
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAI-3P 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


miss the mark, miss, τοῦ συμφέροντος IG 9(2).517.28 (letter of Philip V to Larissa); τινός Plb. 5.107.2, al., Phld. Rh. 1.219S.; τοῦ μετρίου Plu. 2.414f; ἀμφοῖν Luc. Am. 22; fail, περί τινος Plb. 3.21.10; περὶ τὴν πίστιν, τὴν ἀλήθειαν, 1 Timothy 6:21, 1 Ti. 2.2.18; ἔν τινι J. BJ 2.8.12: abs., Alciphr. 3.53. Rare in poetry, ἠστόχηκέ μου Lyr.Alex.Adesp. 4.21.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀστοχέω, ἀστόχω: 1 aorist ἠστόχησα; (to be ἄστοχος, from στόχος a mark), to deviate from, miss (the mark): with the genitive (Winer's Grammar, § 30, 6), to deviate from anything, 1 Timothy 1:6 (Sir. 7:19 Sir. 8:9); περί τί, 1 Timothy 6:21; 2 Timothy 2:18. (Polybius, Plutarch, Lucian, (others).)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

**† ἀστοχέω , -

(στόχος , a mark),

[in LXX: Sirach 7:19; Sirach 8:9 *;]

to miss the mark, fail: c. gen., 1 Timothy 1:6 (so in Papyri, MM, s.v.); seq. περί , 1 Timothy 6:21, 2 Timothy 2:18.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In the NT confined to the Pastorals, but quotable from iii/B.C.. Thus Syll 239.3 (B.C. 214) εἴπερ οὖν ἐγεγόνει τοῦτο , ἠστοχήκεισαν οἱ συνβουλεύσαντες ὑμῖν καὶ τοῦ συμφέροντος τῆι πατρίδι καὶ τῆς ἐμῆς κρίσεως , and P Par 35.26 (B.C. 163) ἀστοχήσαντες τοῦ καλῶς ἔχοντος —a close parallel to 1 Timothy 1:6. (For the gen. constr. cf. also Sirach 7:19.) From a later date we may quote the ill-spelt BGU II. 531ii. 19 (ii/A.D.) ἐὰν δὲ ἀστοχήσῃς [αἰω ]ν ̣ίαν μοι λοίπην (l. λύπην ) [π ]αρέχιν μέλλις , where the meaning seems to be ";fail"; or ";forget";. This the verb retains in MGr : so the Klepht ballad in Abbott’s Songs, p. 34.

Μὴν ἀστοχᾷς τὴν ὁρμηνεία , τῆς γυναικὸς τὰ λόγια ,

Forget not thy wife’s advice, forget not her words.

From the literary side we may quote P Oxy II. 219 (a).21 (i/A.D.), where in extravagant terms a man bewails the loss of a pet fighting-cock, ψυχομαχῶν , ὁ γὰρ ἀ [λ ]έκτωρ ἠστόχηκε , ";I am distraught, for my cock has failed me"; (Edd.), and the adverb in the philosophical P Fay 337 (ii/A.D.) δεῖ τῶν [ἀν ]θρώπων ἄρχειν [τῶν ] πράξεων ἐκεί [νου ]ς δὲ εὐθὺς ἐφέπεσθαι , οὐκ ἀτάκτως μέντοι ἀλλ᾽ εἱμα [ρ ]μέ [νως ]. τοῦ γὰρ ἀστόχως [ . . .



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αστοχησαντες αστοχήσαντες ἀστοχήσαντες αστράγαλος αστραγάλους ηστοχησαν ηστόχησαν ἠστόχησαν astochesantes astochēsantes astochḗsantes estochesan estóchesan ēstochēsan ēstóchēsan
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Wednesday, November 25th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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