the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1 - Α
- first letter of Greek alphabet
- Christ is the Alpha to indicate that he is the beginning and the end
Α, ἄλφα, τό, the first letter of the Greek alphabet, opening the series which the letter omega ω closes. Hence, the expression ἐγώ εἰμί τό Α (L T Tr WH ἄλφα) καί τό Ω (Ὦ L WH), Revelation 1:8, 11 Rec., which is explained by the appended words ἡ ἀρχή καί τό τέλος, Revelation 21:6, and by the further addition ὁ πρῶτος καί ὁ ἔσχατος, Revelation 22:13. On the meaning of the phrase cf. Revelation 11:17; Isaiah 41:4; Isaiah 44:6; Isaiah 48:12; (especially B. D. American edition, p. 73). Α, when prefixed to words as an inseparable syllable, is:
1. privative (στερητικόν), like the Latinin-, the English un-, giving a negative sense to the word to which it is prefixed, as ἀβαρής; or signifying what is contrary to it, as ἄτιμος, ἀτιμόω; before vowels generally αν(, as in ἀναίτιος.
2. copulative (ἀθροιστικόν), akin to the particle ἅμα (cf. Curtius, § 598), indicating community and fellowship, as in ἀδελφός, ἀκόλουθος. Hence, it is:
3. intensive (ἐπιτατικόν), strengthening the force of terms, like the Latincon in composition; as ἀτενίζω from ἀτενής (yet cf. Winers Grammar, 100 (95)). This use, however, is doubted or denied now by many (e. g. Lob. Path. Element. i. 34f). Cf. Kühner, i. 741, § 339 Anm. 5; (Jelf, § 342 δ.); Alexander Buttmann (1873) Gram. § 120 Anm. 11; (Donaldson, Gram., p. 334; New Crat. §§ 185, 213; Liddell and Scott, under the word).
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Α , α , ἄλφα
(q.v.), τό , indecl., alpha,
the first letter of the Greek alphabet. As a numeral, = 1, α , = 1000.
As a prefix, it appears to have at least two and perhaps three distinct senses:
1. ἀ - (before a vowel, ἀν -) negative, as in ἄ -γιωστος , ἄ -δικος .
2. ἁ -, ἀ - copulative, indicating community and fellowship, as in ἁ -πλοῦς , ἀ -κολουθέω , ἀ -δελφός .
3. An intensive force (LS, s. a), as in ἀ -τενίζω is sometimes assumed (but v. Boisacq, s.v.).
Ἄλφα , τό , indecl. (see A), Alpha: Revelation 1:8; Revelation 21:6; Revelation 22:13 (v. Swete, in 11.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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