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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1 - Α

Root Word (Etymology)
of Hebrew origin
Parts of Speech
indeclinable noun
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  1. first letter of Greek alphabet
  2. Christ is the Alpha to indicate that he is the beginning and the end
Frequency Lists
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KJV (4)
Revelation 4
N95 (0)
CSB (3)
Revelation 3
BSB (3)
Revelation 3
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WEB (3)
Revelation 3
Thayer's Expanded Definition

Α, ἄλφα, τό, the first letter of the Greek alphabet, opening the series which the letter omega ω closes. Hence, the expression ἐγώ εἰμί τό Α (L T Tr WH ἄλφα) καί τό Ω ( L WH), Revelation 1:8, 11 Rec., which is explained by the appended words ἀρχή καί τό τέλος, Revelation 21:6, and by the further addition πρῶτος καί ἔσχατος, Revelation 22:13. On the meaning of the phrase cf. Revelation 11:17; Isaiah 41:4; Isaiah 44:6; Isaiah 48:12; (especially B. D. American edition, p. 73). Α, when prefixed to words as an inseparable syllable, is:

1. privative (στερητικόν), like the Latinin-, the English un-, giving a negative sense to the word to which it is prefixed, as ἀβαρής; or signifying what is contrary to it, as ἄτιμος, ἀτιμόω; before vowels generally αν(, as in ἀναίτιος.

2. copulative (ἀθροιστικόν), akin to the particle ἅμα (cf. Curtius, § 598), indicating community and fellowship, as in ἀδελφός, ἀκόλουθος. Hence, it is:

3. intensive (ἐπιτατικόν), strengthening the force of terms, like the Latincon in composition; as ἀτενίζω from ἀτενής (yet cf. Winers Grammar, 100 (95)). This use, however, is doubted or denied now by many (e. g. Lob. Path. Element. i. 34f). Cf. Kühner, i. 741, § 339 Anm. 5; (Jelf, § 342 δ.); Alexander Buttmann (1873) Gram. § 120 Anm. 11; (Donaldson, Gram., p. 334; New Crat. §§ 185, 213; Liddell and Scott, under the word).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

Α , α , ἄλφα

(q.v.), τό , indecl., alpha,

the first letter of the Greek alphabet. As a numeral, = 1, α , = 1000.

As a prefix, it appears to have at least two and perhaps three distinct senses:

1. - (before a vowel, ἀν -) negative, as in -γιωστος , -δικος .

2. -, - copulative, indicating community and fellowship, as in -πλοῦς , -κολουθέω , -δελφός .

3. An intensive force (LS, s. a), as in -τενίζω is sometimes assumed (but v. Boisacq, s.v.).

Ἄλφα , τό , indecl. (see A), Alpha: Revelation 1:8; Revelation 21:6; Revelation 22:13 (v. Swete, in 11.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
Α Αλφα Ἄλφα A Alpha Álpha
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