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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #926 - βαρύς

Transliteration
barýs
Phonetics
bar-ooce'  
Word Origin
from the same as (922)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
1:556,95
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. heavy in weight
  2. metaph.
    1. burdensome
    2. severe, stern
    3. weighty
      1. of great moment
    4. violent, cruel, unsparing
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3358 ‑ יַקִּיר (yak‑keer');  3513 ‑ כָּבַד (kaw‑bad, kaw‑bade');  3515 ‑ כָּבֵד (kaw‑bade');  3524 ‑ כַּבִּיר (kab‑beer');  6099 ‑ עָצֻם (aw‑tsoom', aw‑tsoom');  7489 ‑ רָעַע (raw‑ah');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (6) NAS (6) HCS (6)
Matthew 2
Acts 2
2 Corinthians 1
1 John 1
Matthew 2
Acts 2
2 Corinthians 1
1 John 1
Matthew 2
Acts 2
2 Corinthians 1
1 John 1
BYZ TIS TR
A-APN 2
A-APN-C 1
A-NPF 2
A-NPM 1
A-APN 2
A-APN-C 1
A-NPF 2
A-NPM 1
A-APN 2
A-APN-C 1
A-NPF 2
A-NPM 1
NA WH
A-APN 2
A-APNC 1
A-NPF 2
A-NPM 1
A-APN 2
A-APN-C 1
A-NPF 2
A-NPM 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βᾰρύς, εῖα, ύ,

poet. gen. pl. fem. βαρεῶν dub. in A. Eu. 932 (anap.): Comp. βαρύτερος, Sup. βαρύτατος: —

I

1. heavy in weight, β. ἀείρεσθαι, opp. κοῦφος, Hdt. 4.150, cf. Pl. Tht. 152d, Arist. Cael. 310b25, etc.: in Hom. mostly with collat. notion of strength and force, χεῖρα βαρεῖαν Il. 1.219, cf. 89; ἀκμᾷ βαρύς Pi. I. 4(3).51; β. τὸ σῶμα App. Mac. 14; of athletes, Philostr. Gym. 31; ὀφρύς bushy, ib. 48; but also, heavy with age, infirmity or suffering, νόσῳ S. Tr. 235; σὺν γήρᾳ Id. OT 17; ἐν γήρᾳ Id. Aj. 1017; ὑπὸ γήρως Ael. VH 9.1; ὑπὸ τῆς μέθης Plu. 2.596a; pregnant, PGoodsp.Cair. 15.15 (iv A. D.); β. βάσις heavy, slow, S. Tr. 966; τυπάδι βαρείᾳ Id. Fr. 844. Adv. κοῦφον βαρέως Pl. Tht. 189d.

2. heavy to bear, grievous, ἄτη, ἔρις, κακότης, Il. 2.111, 20.55, 10.72; Κλῶθες Od. 7.197; κῆρες Il. 21.548; β. κὴρ τὸ μὴ πιθέσθαι A. Ag. 206 (lyr.); βαρὺ or βαρέα στενάχειν sob heavily, Od. 8.95, 534, Il. 8.334, etc.: in Trag. and Prose, burdensome, grievous, oppressive, β. ξυμφορά, τύχαι, καταλλαγαί, etc., A. Pers. 1044 (lyr.), Th. 332 (lyr.), 767 (lyr.), etc.; ἡδονή S. OC 1204; ἀγγελία β. ἢν ἐν τοῖς βαρύτατ' ἂν ἐνέγκαιμι Pl. Cri. 43c; πόλεμος D. 18.241; βαρὺ κοὐχὶ δίκαιον Id. 21.66; νόσος causing disgust, S. Ph. 1330; αὐδά, ἠχώ, ib. 208 (lyr.), E. Hipp. 791; unwholesome, χωρίον X. Mem. 3.6.12; πλησμονή Id. Cyn. 7.4; indigestible, Ath. 3.115e; β. νότος Paus. 10.17.11. Adv. -έως, φέρειν τι take a thing ill, suffer it impatiently, Hdt. 5.19; β. φέρειν ἐπί τινι Plb. 15.1.1 (but β. φέρειν bear with dignity, D.S. 26.3); β. ἔχειν, c. part, Arist. Rh.Al. 1424b5; πρός τι Id. Pol. 1311b9; τοῖς λογίοις Arg. E. Heracl.: Comp. βαρυτέρως τινὶ ἐναντιωθῆναι LXX 3 Maccabees 3:1; βαρέως ἀκούειν hear with disgust, X. An. 2.1.9.

3. violent, ὀργή S. Ph. 368; μῆνις Id. OC 1328; ἀπέχθειαι Pl. Ap. 23a (Sup.); θυμός Theoc. 1.96.

4. weighty, grave, ἐπιστολαί 2 Corinthians 10:10; αἰτιώματα Acts 25:7; τὰ βαρύτερα τοῦ νόμου Matthew 23:23; ample, βαρυτάτην εὐδαιμονίαν τοῖς ἀρχομένοις παρέξειν Hdn. 2.14.3.

II of persons,

1. severe, stern, β. ἐπιτιμητής A. Pr. 77; εὔθυνος Id. Pers. 828, cf. S. OT 546; Κύπρι βαρεῖα Theoc. 1.100; wearisome, troublesome, E. Supp. 894, Pl. Tht. 210c, etc.; ξύνοικος A. Supp. 415, S. Fr. 753; γείτονες Plb. 1.10.6.

2. overbearing, σεμνότεροι ἢ βαρύτεροι Arist. Rh. 1391a27 (but σεμνὸς καὶ β. Str. 14.1.42); ὑπερήφανοι καὶ β. Plu. 2.279c; important, powerful, πόλις Plb. 1.17.5, etc.

3. of soldiers, heavy-armed, X. Cyr. 5.3.37 (s.v.l.); of the ὁπλίτης Pl. Lg. 833b (Comp.); τὰ β. τῶν ὅπλων Plb. 1.76.3.

4. difficult, ὅρκος γὰρ οὐδεὶς ἀνδρὶ φηλήτῃ β. S. Fr. 933.

III of impressions on the senses,

1. of sound, strong, deep, bass, opp. to ὀξύς, Od. 9.257, S. Ph. 208, Pl. Prt. 332c, Arist. EN 1125a14, etc.; βαρὺ ἀμβόασον A. Pers. 572 (lyr.); φθέγγονται βαρύτατον ἀνθρώπων Hp. Aër. 15; βαρύτατα ὑπακούειν, of diseases, Id. Prorrh. 2.39; πενθεῖν Ael. VH 12.1; esp. of musical pitch, low, opp. ὀξύς, βαρυτάτη χορδή Pl. Phdr. 268e; ἆχος, φωνά, Archyt. I, cf. Arist. EE 1235a28, Aristox. Harm. p.3 M.; of accent, grave, ἀντὶ ὀξείας τῆς μέσης συλλαβῆς βαρεῖαν ἐφθεγξάμεθα Pl. Cra. 399b; ὀξείᾳ καὶ βαρείᾳ καὶ μέσῃ φωνῇ Arist. Rh. 1403b30, etc.: hence ἡ βαρεῖα (sc. προσῳδία) accentus gravis, D.T. 630.1, etc.; β. τάσις D.H. Comp. 11, A.D. Synt. 307.13; β. τόνος D.T. 674.13, cf. A.D. Pron. 36.5; β. συλλαβή unaccented, Id. Synt. 100.8, al. Adv. βαρέως with the accent thrown back, Id. Pron. 51.1, Ath. 2.53b: Comp. -ύτερον, opp. ὀξύτερον (ου) opp. οὗ), Arist. SE 178a3 (but, on a lower note, αὐλεῖν Id. GA 788a22).

2. of smell, strong, offensive, Hdt. 6.119.

3. Adv. βαρέως slowly, ἐπισπᾶσθαι Hero Aut. 26.6. (gur-u- from gu[rmacr ]-u-, Skt. gurús 'heavy', Lat. gravis (from fem. gur[schwa]wî-), Goth. kaúrus 'heavy'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βαρύς, βαρεῖα, βαρύ, heavy;

1. properly, i. e. heavy in weight: φορτίον, Matthew 23:4 (in 11:30 we have the opposite, ἐλαφρόν).

2. metaphorically,

a. burdensome: ἐντολή, the keeping of which is grievous, 1 John 5:3.

b. severe, stern: ἐπιστολή, 2 Corinthians 10:10 (others, imposing, impressive, cf. Wetstein at the passage).

c. weighty, i. e. of great moment: τά βαρύτερα τοῦ νόμου the weightier precepts of the law, Matthew 23:23; αἰτιάματα (better αἰτιώματα (which see)), Acts 25:7.

d. violent, cruel, unsparing (A. V. grievous): λύκοι, Acts 20:29 (so also Homer, Iliad 1:89; Xenophon, Ages. 11, 12).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βαρύς , -εῖα , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3513;]

heavy: Matthew 23:4. Metaph., burdensome: ἐντολή , 1 John 5:3; severe (perh. impressive): ἐπιστολή , 2 Corinthians 10:10; weighty: τὰ βαρύτερα τ . νόμου , Matthew 23:23; αἰτιώματα , Acts 25:7; violent, cruel (EV, grievous): λύκος , Acts 20:29.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

See the first reference s.v. βάρος and cf. P Tebt I. 52.11 (c. B.C. 114) δι (l. διὰ τό ) με ἐν βαρυ [τέ ]ρᾳ ἀρρωστίᾳ κ ̣ι ̣ͅσ ̣[θαι , ";since I am seriously ill"; (Edd.). In P Goodsp Cairo 15.15 (A.D. 362) β . = ";pregnant";—τὴν μὲν Τάησιν βαρέαν οὖσαν ἐκ τῶν πληγῶν αὐτῶν ἐξέτρωσεν ( = -αν ) τὸ βρέφος , ";to Taesis who was pregnant they occasioned by their violence the miscarriage of her child"; (Ed.) : see Archiv iii. p. 116 on the passage. For the adverb see P Lond 42.29 (B.C. 168) (= I. p. 31) ἡ μήτηρ σου τυγχάνει βαρέως ἔχουσα .

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βαρεα βαρέα βαρεί βαρεία βαρειαι βαρείαι βαρεῖαι βαρείαν βαρείας βαρεις βαρείς βαρεῖς βαρέος βαρύ βαρύν βαρύς βαρυτερα βαρυτέρα βαρύτερα βαρύτερος barea baréa bareiai bareîai bareis bareîs barutera barytera barýtera
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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