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The Amplified Bible
Exodus 2:18

And when they came to Reuel [Jethro] their father, he said, How is it that you have come so soon today?

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Coffman Commentaries;   Barne's Notes;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Calvin's Commentary;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Everett's Study Notes;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Keil & Delitzsch;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Wells of Living Water;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Mackintosh's Notes;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   Benson's Commentary;   Scofield's Notes;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Wesley's Notes;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - Jethro;   Moses;   Reuel;   Zipporah;   Thompson Chain Reference - Jethro;  

Dictionaries:

- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Cush;   Pharaoh;   Raguel;   Wells and Springs;   Zipporah;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Kenites;   Midian;   Moses;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Midianite;   Raguel;   Reuel;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Hobab;   Reuel;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Jethro;   Reuel;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Exodus;   Hobab;   Jethro;   Moses;   Name, Names;   Reuel;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jethro ;   Midian, Midianites ;   Reuel ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jethro;   Midian;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Je'thro;   Reu'el;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Moses;  

Encyclopedias:

- Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Exodus, the;   On to Sinai;   On to Canaan;   Moses, the Man of God;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Exodus, the Book of;   Jethro;   Moses;   Raguel (2);   Reuel;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Hobab;   Jethro;  

Parallel Translations

American Standard Version
And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to-day?

Darby's Translation
And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, Why are ye come so soon to-day?

Bible in Basic English
And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that you have come back so quickly today?

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
And when they came to Raguel their father, he sayde: Howe came it to passe that ye are come so soone to day?

Contemporary English Version
When Jethro's daughters returned home, their father asked, "Why have you come back so early today?"

The Geneva Bible (1587)
And whe they came to Reuel their father, he said, Howe are ye come so soone to day?

Easy-to-Read Version
Then they went back to their father, Reuel. Their father said to them, "You have come home early today!"

English Standard Version
When they came home to their father Reuel, he said, "How is it that you have come home so soon today?"

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
And when they came to Reuel their father, he said to them, How is it that you have watered the flock so soon today?

Brenton Translaton of the Septuagint (LXX)
And they came to Raguel their father; and he said to them, Why have ye come so quickly to-day?

English Revised Version
And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon today?

The Complete Jewish Bible
When they came to Re'u'el their father, he said, "How come you're back so soon today?"

Good News Translation
When they returned to their father, he asked, <>

Holman Christian Standard
When they returned to their father Reuel he asked, "Why have you come back so quickly today?"

Hebrew Names Version
When they came to Re`u'el, their father, he said, "How is it that you have returned so early today?"

New American Standard Version
When they came to Reuel their father, he said, "Why have you come back so soon today?"

J.P. Green Literal Translation
And they came to their father Reuel; and he said, Why have you hurried to come today?

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
And whan they came to Reguel their father, he saide: How came ye so soone to daie?

New Living Translation
When the girls returned to Reuel, their father, he asked, "How did you get the flocks watered so quickly today?"

New Life Version
When they came to their father Reuel, he said, "Why have you returned so soon today?"

New International Version
When the girls returned to Reuel their father, he asked them, “Why have you returned so early today?”

New King James
When they came to Reuel their father, he said, "How is it that you have come so soon today?"

JPS Old Testament
And when they came to Reuel their father, he said: 'How is it that ye are come so soon to-day?'

King James Version (1611)
And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that you are come so soone to day?

New Century Version
When they went back to their father Reuel, he asked them, "Why have you come home early today?"

New Revised Standard
When they returned to their father Reuel, he said, "How is it that you have come back so soon today?"

King James Version
And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to day?

The Emphasised Bible
Then came they in unto Reuel their father, - and he said, Wherefore have ye so early come in to-day?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when they returned to Raguel their father, he said to them: Why are ye come sooner than usual?

Revised Standard Version
When they came to their father Reu'el, he said, "How is it that you have come so soon today?"

Updated Bible Version 1.9
And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that you have come so soon today?

The Webster Bible
And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How [is it that] you are come so soon to day?

World English Bible
When they came to Reuel, their father, he said, "How is it that you have returned so early today?"

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
And whanne thei hadden turned ayen to Jetro, her fadir, he seide to hem, Whi camen ye swiftliere than ye weren wont?

Young's Literal Translation
And they come in to Reuel their father, and he saith, `Wherefore have ye hastened to come in to-day?'

The Message
When they got home to their father, Reuel, he said, "That didn't take long. Why are you back so soon?"

Lexham English Bible
And they came to Reuel, their father, and he said, "Why have you come so quickly today?"

Contextual Overview

16Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came and drew water and filled the troughs to water their father's flock. 17The shepherds came and drove them away; but Moses stood up and helped them and watered their flock. 18And when they came to Reuel [Jethro] their father, he said, How is it that you have come so soon today? 19They said, An Egyptian delivered us from the shepherds; also he drew water for us and watered the flock. 20He said to his daughters, Where is he? Why have you left the man? Call him, that he may eat bread. 21And Moses was content to dwell with the man; and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter. 22And she bore a son, and he called his name Gershom [expulsion, or a stranger there]; for he said, I have been a stranger and a sojourner in a foreign land.

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to day?
3:1; 4:18; 18:1-12
Jethro
or, Jether.
Numbers 19:20
Raguel

Cross-References

Genesis 1:31
And God saw everything that He had made, and behold, it was very good (suitable, pleasant) and He approved it completely. And there was evening and there was morning, a sixth day.

Genesis 2:7
Then the Lord God formed man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath or spirit of life, and man became a living being.

Genesis 2:9
And out of the ground the Lord God made to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight or to be desired--good (suitable, pleasant) for food; the tree of life also in the center of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of [the difference between] good and evil and blessing and calamity.

Genesis 2:11
The first is named Pishon; it is the one flowing around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.

Genesis 2:12
The gold of that land is of high quality; bdellium (pearl?) and onyx stone are there.

Genesis 2:13
The second river is named Gihon; it is the one flowing around the whole land of Cush.

Genesis 3:12
And the man said, The woman whom You gave to be with me--she gave me [fruit] from the tree, and I ate.

Ruth 3:1
THEN NAOMI her mother-in-law said to Ruth, My daughter, shall I not seek rest or a home for you, that you may prosper?

Proverbs 18:22
He who finds a [true] wife finds a good thing and obtains favor from the Lord.

1 Corinthians 7:36
But if any man thinks that he is not acting properly toward and in regard to his virgin [that he is preparing disgrace for her or incurring reproach], in case she is passing the bloom of her youth and if there is need for it, let him do what to him seems right; he does not sin; let them marry.

Gill's Notes on the Bible

And when they came to Reuel their father,.... Or Ragouel, as the Septuagint; and so Artapanus calls him. The Targum of Jonathan has it, their father's father; and so Aben Ezra says he was; and is the sense of others, induced thereto by Numbers 10:29, but it does not follow from thence: he said:

how is it that you are come so soon today? it being not only sooner than they were wont to come, but perhaps their business was done in so short a time; that it was marvellous to him that it could be done in it, so quick a dispatch had Moses made, and they through his assistance; and especially it might be more strange, if it was usual, as it seems it was, to be molested by the shepherds.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Reuel - Or, as in Numbers 10:29, “Raguel.” The name means “friend of God.” It appears to have been not uncommon among Hebrews and Edomites; e. g. Genesis 36:4, Genesis 36:10. If Reuel be identified with Jethro, a point open to grave objection (see Exodus 3:1), then Reuel was his proper name, and Jether or Jethro, which means “excellency,” was his official designation.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

Reuel, their father - In Numbers 10:29; this person is called Raguel, but the Hebrew is the same in both places. The reason of this difference is that the ע ain in רעואל is sometimes used merely as vowel, sometimes as g, ng, and gn, and this is occasioned by the difficulty of the sound, which scarcely any European organs can enunciate. As pronounced by the Arabs it strongly resembles the first effort made by the throat in gargling, or as Meninski says, Est vox vituli matrem vocantis, "It is like the sound made by a calf in seeking its dam." Raguel is the worst method of pronouncing it; Re-u-el, the first syllable strongly accented, is nearer to the true sound. A proper uniformity in pronouncing the same word wherever it may occur, either in the Old or New Testament, is greatly to be desired. The person in question appears to have several names. Here he is called Reuel; in Numbers 10:29, Raguel; in Exodus 3:1, Jethor; in Judges 4:11, Hobab; and in Judges 1:16; he is called קיני Keyni, which in Exodus 4 we translate Kenite. Some suppose that Re-u-el was father to Hobab, who was also called Jethro. This is the most likely; see Clarke's note on Exodus 3:1.


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Saturday, January 25th, 2020
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