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The Amplified Bible
Exodus 3:6

Also He said, I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Coffman Commentaries;   Barne's Notes;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Calvin's Commentary;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Everett's Study Notes;   Geneva Study Bible;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Keil & Delitzsch;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Wells of Living Water;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Mackintosh's Notes;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   Benson's Commentary;   Sermon Bible;   Spurgeon's Verse Expositions;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Wesley's Notes;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - God Continued...;   Israel;   Moses;   Quotations and Allusions;   Religion;   Revelation;   Worship;   Scofield Reference Index - Deity;   Israel;   Kingdom;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Egypt;  

Dictionaries:

- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Angel of the Lord;   Sinai;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Angels;   Jacob;   Moses;   Revelation;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Aaron;   Awe, Awesome;   Building;   Fire;   Jeremiah, Theology of;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Frugality;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Theophany;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Captain;   Immortality;   Quotations;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Angels;   Elijah;   Judges, the Book of;   Matthew, the Gospel According to;   Pentateuch;   Resurrection;   Sadducees;   Seraphim;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Abraham;   Angel;   Call, Calling;   Face;   Fear;   Horeb;   Isaac;   Mountain;   Theophany;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Exodus;   Face;   Greek Versions of Ot;   Isaac;   Moses;   Prayer;   Sinai;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Abraham;   Fathers;   Jacob;   Living (2);   Moses ;   Old Testament (Ii. Christ as Student and Interpreter of).;   Resurrection;   Septuagint;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Angels;   Fire;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Israel;   Rod;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Angels;   Mo'ses;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Moses;  

Encyclopedias:

- Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Exodus, the;   Tabernacle, the;   Priesthood, the;   Moses, the Man of God;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Criticism of the Bible;   Exodus, the Book of;   Face;   Faithful;   God;   Logos;   Moses;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Angelology;   Bareheadedness;   Groves and Sacred Trees;   Jesus of Nazareth;   Media;   Moses;   Patriarchs, the;   Revelation;   Shekinah;  

Devotionals:

- Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for March 23;  

Parallel Translations

American Standard Version
Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.

Darby's Translation
And he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look at God.

Bible in Basic English
And he said, I am the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses kept his face covered for fear of looking on God.

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
And he sayde: I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isahac, and the God of Iacob. And Moyses hid his face, for he was afrayde to loke vpon God.

Contemporary English Version
I am the God who was worshiped by your ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob." Moses was afraid to look at God, and so he hid his face.

The Geneva Bible (1587)
Moreouer he saide, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Izhak, and the God of Iaakob. Then Moses hid his face: for he was afraid to looke vpon God.

Easy-to-Read Version
I am the God of your ancestors. I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." Moses covered his face because he was afraid to look at God.

English Standard Version
And he said, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
Moreover he said, I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look at God.

Brenton Translaton of the Septuagint (LXX)
And he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraam, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob; and Moses turned away his face, for he was afraid to gaze at God.

English Revised Version
Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.

The Complete Jewish Bible
I am the God of your father," he continued, "the God of Avraham, the God of Yitz'chak and the God of Ya'akov." Moshe covered his face, because he was afraid to look at God.

Good News Translation
I am the God of your ancestors, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.>> So Moses covered his face, because he was afraid to look at God.

Holman Christian Standard
Then He continued, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." Moses hid his face because he was afraid to look at God.

Hebrew Names Version
Moreover he said, "I am the God of your father, the God of Avraham, the God of Yitzchak, and the God of Ya`akov." Moshe hid his face; for he was afraid to look at God.

New American Standard Version
He said also, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." Then Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.

J.P. Green Literal Translation
And He said, I am the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face, for he feared to look upon God.

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
And he sayde morouer: I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, ye God of Isaac, and the God of Iacob. And Moses couered his face, for he was afrayed to loke vpon God.

New Living Translation
Then he said, "I am the God of your ancestors – the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." When Moses heard this, he hid his face in his hands because he was afraid to look at God.

New Life Version
He said also, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." Then Moses hid his face. For he was afraid to look at God.

New International Version
Then he said, “I am the God of your father,[a] the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.” At this, Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look at God.

New King James
Moreover He said, "I am the God of your father--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.

JPS Old Testament
Moreover He said: 'I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.' And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.

King James Version (1611)
Moreouer hee said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Iacob. And Moses hid his face: for he was afraid to looke vpon God.

New Century Version
I am the God of your ancestors - the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." Moses covered his face because he was afraid to look at God.

New Revised Standard
He said further, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.

King James Version
Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.

The Emphasised Bible
And he said - I, am the God of thy father, God of Abraham, God of Isaac and God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said: I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Moses hid his face: for he durst not look at God.

Revised Standard Version
And he said, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.

Updated Bible Version 1.9
Moreover he said, I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look at God.

The Webster Bible
Moreover he said, I [am] the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face: for he was afraid to look upon God.

World English Bible
Moreover he said, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look at God.

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
And the Lord seide, Y am God of thi fadir, God of Abraham, and God of Isaac, and God of Jacob. Moises hidde his face, for he durste not biholde ayens God.

Young's Literal Translation
He saith also, `I [am] the God of thy father, God of Abraham, God of Isaac, and God of Jacob;' and Moses hideth his face, for he is afraid to look towards God.

The Message
Then he said, "I am the God of your father: The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, the God of Jacob." Moses hid his face, afraid to look at God.

Lexham English Bible
And he said, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." And Moses hid his face because he was afraid of looking at God.

Contextual Overview

1NOW MOSES kept the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the back or west side of the wilderness and came to Horeb or Sinai, the mountain of God. 2The Angel of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush burned with fire, yet was not consumed. 3And Moses said, I will now turn aside and see this great sight, why the bush is not burned. 4And when the Lord saw that he turned aside to see, God called to him out of the midst of the bush and said, Moses, Moses! And he said, Here am I. 5God said, Do not come near; put your shoes off your feet, for the place on which you stand is holy ground. 6Also He said, I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.
I am
14,15; 4:5; 29:45; Genesis 12:1,7; 17:7,8; 26:24; 28:13; 31:42; 32:9; 1 Kings 18:36; Esther 3:4; Psalms 132:2; Jeremiah 24:7; 31:33; 32:38; Ezekiel 11:20; Zechariah 8:8; Matthew 22:32; Mark 12:26; Luke 20:37; Acts 7:32,32
thy father
Though the word avicha, "thy father," is here used in the singular, yet St. Stephen, quoting this passage (Ac. 7:32), uses the plural, [Lo Theos ton patron sou] "the God of thy fathers;" and that this is the meaning, the following words prove. This reading is confirmed by the Samaritan and Coptic.
hid
Genesis 17:3; Judges 13:22; 1 Kings 19:13; Nehemiah 9:9; Job 42:5,6; Psalms 106:44,45; Isaiah 6:1-5; Daniel 10:7,8; Matthew 17:6; Luke 5:8; Acts 7:34; Hebrews 12:21; Revelation 1:17

Cross-References

Genesis 3:1
NOW THE serpent was more subtle and crafty than any living creature of the field which the Lord God had made. And he [Satan] said to the woman, Can it really be that God has said, You shall not eat from every tree of the garden?

Genesis 3:2
And the woman said to the serpent, We may eat the fruit from the trees of the garden,

Genesis 3:12
And the man said, The woman whom You gave to be with me--she gave me [fruit] from the tree, and I ate.

Genesis 3:14
And the Lord God said to the serpent, Because you have done this, you are cursed above all [domestic] animals and above every [wild] living thing of the field; upon your belly you shall go, and you shall eat dust [and what it contains] all the days of your life.

Genesis 3:15
And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her Offspring; He will bruise and tread your head underfoot, and you will lie in wait and bruise His heel.

Genesis 3:17
And to Adam He said, Because you have listened and given heed to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, saying, You shall not eat of it, the ground is under a curse because of you; in sorrow and toil shall you eat [of the fruits] of it all the days of your life.

Genesis 3:19
In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you shall return.

Genesis 6:2
The sons of God saw that the daughters of men were fair, and they took wives of all they desired and chose.

Genesis 39:7
Then after a time his master's wife cast her eyes upon Joseph, and she said, Lie with me.

Joshua 7:21
When I saw among the spoils an attractive mantle from Shinar and two hundred shekels of silver and a bar of gold weighing fifty shekels, I coveted them and took them. Behold, they are hidden in the earth inside my tent, with the silver underneath.

Gill's Notes on the Bible

Moreover he said, I am the God of thy fathers,.... Of every one of his fathers next mentioned:

the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob; with whom the covenant respecting the land of Canaan, and the promise of the blessed seed the Messiah, was made: this again shows that the Angel of the Lord that now appeared was God himself, Jehovah the Son of God. Our Lord makes use of this text to prove the resurrection of the dead against the Sadducees, God being not the God of the dead, but of the living; Mark 12:26.

and Moses hid his face; wrapped it in his mantle or cloak, as Elijah did, 1 Kings 19:13, because of the glory of the divine Majesty now present, and conscious of his own sinfulness and unworthiness:

for he was afraid to look upon God; even upon this outward appearance and representation of him in a flame of fire; otherwise the essence of God is not to be looked upon and seen at all, God is invisible; but even this external token and symbol of him was terrible to behold; the thought that God was there filled him with fear, considering the greatness and awfulness of his majesty, and what a poor, weak, and sinful creature he was.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Our Saviour adduces this passage as a proof that the doctrine of the Resurrection was taught in the Old Testament Matthew 22:32, and He calls this book “the Book of Moses” Mark 12:26, two points to be borne in mind by readers of the Pentateuch.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

I am the God of thy father - Though the word אבי abi, father, is here used in the singular, St Stephen, quoting this place, Acts 7:32, uses the plural, Ὁ Θεος των πατερων σου, The God of thy Fathers; and that this is the meaning the following words prove: The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. These were the fathers of Moses in a direct line. This reading is confirmed by the Samaritan and by the Coptic. Abraham was the father of the Ishmaelites, and with him was the covenant first made. Isaac was the father of the Edomites as well as the Israelites, and with him was the covenant renewed. Jacob was the father of the twelve patriarchs, who were founders of the Jewish nation, and to him were the promises particularly confirmed. Hence we see that the Arabs and Turks in general, who are descendants of Ishmael; the Edomites, now absorbed among the Jews, (see Clarke's note on Genesis 25:23;), who are the descendants of Esau; and the Jewish people, wheresoever scattered, who are the descendants of Jacob, are all heirs of the promises included in this primitive covenant; and their gathering in with the fullness of the Gentiles may be confidently expected.

And Moses hid his face - For similar acts, see 1 Kings 19:13; Isaiah 6:1, Isaiah 6:5; Nehemiah 9:9; Psalm 106:44; Acts 7:34. He was afraid to look - he was overawed by God's presence, and dazzled with the splendor of the appearance.


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