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Contemporary English Version
Mark 2:25

Jesus answered, "Haven't you read what David did when he and his followers were hungry and in need?

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Coffman Commentaries;   Barne's Notes;   Box's Commentaries on Selected Books;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Cambridge Greek Testament;   Lapide's Commentary;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Daily Study Bible;   Darby's Synopsis;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Expositor's Greek Testament;   Family Bible New Testament;   Hole's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Golden Chain Commentary;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Godbey's NT Commentary;   Everett's Study Notes;   Alford's Commentary;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Ironside's Notes;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   Gray's Commentary;   Jones on Mark;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Wells of Living Water;   MacLaren's Expositions;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   Ryle's Exposiory Thougths;   Sermon Bible;   Spurgeon's Verse Expositions;   Biblical Illustrator;   Expositor's Bible;   The Gospels Compared;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Vincent's Studies;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - Jesus, the Christ;   Shewbread (Showbread);  

Dictionaries:

- Easton Bible Dictionary - Sabbath;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Jesus Christ;   Sabbath;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Detained before the Lord;   Harmony of the Gospels;   Sabbath;   Shewbread;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Law;   Quotations;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Abiathar;   Commandments;   Common Life;   David;   Discourse;   Ethics (2);   Food;   Law of God;   Lord's Supper. (I.);   Man (2);   Miracles (2);   Old Testament (Ii. Christ as Student and Interpreter of).;   Originality;   Paradox;   Premeditation;   Questions and Answers;   Quotations (2);   Reader;   Reality;   Sabbath ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;  

Encyclopedias:

- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Hunger;   Mark, the Gospel According to;   Ten Commandments, the;   Washing of Feet;  

Parallel Translations

The Amplified Bible
And He said to them, Have you never [even] read what David did when he was in need and was hungry, he and those who were accompanying him?--

The Complete Jewish Bible
He said to them, "Haven't you ever read what David did when he and those with him were hungry and needed food?

American Standard Version
And he said unto them, Did ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was hungry, he, and they that were with him?

Bible in Basic English
And he said to them, Have you no knowledge of what David did, when he had need and was without food, he, and those who were with him?

English Revised Version
And he said unto them, Did ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?

English Standard Version
And he said to them, "Have you never read what David did, when he was in need and was hungry, he and those who were with him:

Easy-to-Read Version
Jesus answered, "You have read what David did when he and the people with him were hungry and needed food.

The Geneva Bible (1587)
And he saide to them, Haue yee neuer read what Dauid did when he had neede, and was an hungred, both he, and they that were with him?

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
Jesus said to them, Have you not read what David did, when he was in need and hungry, he and those who were with him?

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
And he sayde vnto them: Haue ye neuer read what Dauid did, when he had nede, and was an hungred, both he, and they that were with hym?

Darby's Translation
And *he* said to them, Have ye never read what David did when he had need and hungered, *he* and those with him,

King James Version (1611)
And he said vnto them, Haue ye neuer read what Dauid did, when hee had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
And he sayde vnto the: Haue ye neuer red what Dauid dyd, wha he had nede, and was anhongred, both he and they that were wt him:

New Revised Standard
And he said to them, "Have you never read what David did when he and his companions were hungry and in need of food?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said to them: Have you never read what David did when he had need and was hungry, himself and they that were with him?

James Murdock Translation of the Peshitta
Jesus said to them: Have ye never read what David did, when he had need and was hungry, he and his attendants?

Weymouth New Testament
"Have you never read," Jesus replied, "what David did when the necessity arose and he and his men were hungry:

Good News Translation
Jesus answered, <

Holman Christian Standard
He said to them, "Have you never read what David and those who were with him did when he was in need and hungry -

Mace New Testament (1729)
but he replied, have ye never read what David, and the rest of the company did, when they were press'd with hunger?

J.P. Green Literal Translation
And He said to them, Did you never read what David did when he had need and hungered, he and those with him,

New King James
But He said to them, "Have you never read what David did when he was in need and hungry, he and those with him:

New Living Translation
But Jesus replied, "Haven't you ever read in the Scriptures what King David did when he and his companions were hungry?

New International Version
He answered, “Have you never read what David did when he and his companions were hungry and in need?

King James Version
And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?

New Century Version
Jesus answered, "Have you never read what David did when he and those with him were hungry and needed food?

New Life Version
He said to them, "Have you not read what David did when he and his men were hungry?

Hebrew Names Version
He said to them, "Did you never read what David did, when he had need, and was hungry -- he, and they who were with him?

International Standard Version
He said to them, "Haven't you read what David did when he and his companions were hungry and in need?

John Etheridge Translation of the Peshitta
Jeshu saith to them, Have you never read what David did, when he needed and was hungry, he, and they (who were) with him ?

New American Standard Version
And He said to them, "Have you never read what David did when he was in need and he and his companions became hungry;

The Emphasised Bible
And he saith unto them - Have ye never read what David did, when he had need and hungered, - he, and they who were with him:

Revised Standard Version
And he said to them, "Have you never read what David did, when he was in need and was hungry, he and those who were with him:

Tyndale Bible
And he sayde to them: have ye never rede what David dyd when he had nede and was anhogred bothe he and they that were with him?

Updated Bible Version 1.9
And he says to them, Did you never read what David did, when he had need, and was hungry, he, and those that were with him?

The Webster Bible
And he said to them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was hungry, he and they that were with him?

World English Bible
He said to them, "Did you never read what David did, when he had need, and was hungry -- he, and they who were with him?

Wesley's New Testament (1755)
And he said to them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need and was hungry he and they that were with him?

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
And he seide to hem, Radden ye neuer what Dauid dide, whanne he hadde nede, and he hungride, and thei that weren with hym?

Young's Literal Translation
And he said to them, `Did ye never read what David did, when he had need and was hungry, he and those with him?

The Message
Jesus said, "Really? Haven't you ever read what David did when he was hungry, along with those who were with him?

Lexham English Bible
And he said to them, "Have you never read what David did when he had need and he and those who were with him were hungry-

Contextual Overview

18The followers of John the Baptist and the Pharisees often went without eating. Some people came and asked Jesus, "Why do the followers of John and those of the Pharisees often go without eating, while your disciples never do?" 19Jesus answered: The friends of a bridegroom don't go without eating while he is still with them. 20But the time will come when he will be taken from them. Then they will go without eating. 21No one patches old clothes by sewing on a piece of new cloth. The new piece would shrink and tear a bigger hole. 22No one pours new wine into old wineskins. The wine would swell and burst the old skins. Then the wine would be lost, and the skins would be ruined. New wine must be put into new wineskins. 23One Sabbath Jesus and his disciples were walking through some wheat fields. His disciples were picking grains of wheat as they went along. 24Some Pharisees asked Jesus, "Why are your disciples picking grain on the Sabbath? They are not supposed to do that!" 25Jesus answered, "Haven't you read what David did when he and his followers were hungry and in need? 26It was during the time of Abiathar the high priest. David went into the house of God and ate the sacred loaves of bread that only priests are allowed to eat. He also gave some to his followers." 27Jesus finished by saying, "People were not made for the good of the Sabbath. The Sabbath was made for the good of people.

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?
Have
12:20,26; Matthew 19:4; 21:16,42; 22:31; Luke 10:26
what
1 Samuel 21:3-6

Cross-References

Genesis 2:10
From Eden a river flowed out to water the garden, then it divided into four rivers.

Genesis 2:11
The first one is the Pishon River that flows through the land of Havilah,

Genesis 3:7
Right away they saw what they had done, and they realized they were naked. Then they sewed fig leaves together to make something to cover themselves.

Exodus 32:25
Moses knew that the people were out of control and that it was Aaron's fault. And now they had made fools of themselves in front of their enemies.

Psalms 25:3
Don't disappoint any of your worshipers, but disappoint all deceitful liars.

Psalms 31:17
I pray only to you. Don't disappoint me. Disappoint my cruel enemies until they lie silent in their graves.

Isaiah 44:9
Those people who make idols are nothing themselves, and the idols they treasure are just as worthless. Worshipers of idols are blind, stupid, and foolish.

Isaiah 47:3
You will suffer the shame of going naked, because I will take revenge, and no one can escape.

Isaiah 54:4
Don't be afraid or ashamed and don't be discouraged. You won't be disappointed. Forget how sinful you were when you were young; stop feeling ashamed for being left a widow.

Jeremiah 6:15
They should be ashamed of their disgusting sins, but they don't even blush. And so, when I punish Judah, they will end up on the ground, dead like everyone else. I, the LORD, have spoken.

Gill's Notes on the Bible

And he said unto them,.... By way of answer to their question, and which was a full one, and enough to silence them:

have ye never read what David did; referring to the history in 1 Samuel 21:1.

when he had need: of bread, was in great necessity, and in the utmost distress:

and was an hungered, he, and they that were with him? which was a justifiable reason for what he and his company did; as it was for the action of the disciples; being in a like case, and therefore very appropriate to the purpose; See Gill on Matthew 12:3.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

See Matthew 12:1-8.

The cornfields - The fields sown with wheat or barley. The word “corn,” in the Bible, refers only to grain of that kind, and never to “maize” or “Indian corn.”

To pluck the ears of corn - They were hungry, Matthew 12:1. They therefore gathered the wheat or barley as they walked and rubbed it in their hands to shell it, and thus to satisfy their appetite. Though our Lord was with them, and though he had all things at his control, yet he suffered them to resort to this method of supplying their wants. When Jesus, thus “with” his disciples, suffered them to be “poor,” we may learn that poverty is not disgraceful; that God often suffers it for the good of his people; and that he will take care, in some way, that their wants shall be supplied. It was “lawful” for them thus to supply their needs. Though the property belonged to another, yet the law of Moses allowed the poor to satisfy their desires when hungry. See Deuteronomy 23:25.

Mark 2:24

That which is not lawful - That is, that which they esteemed to be unlawful on the “Sabbath day.” It was made lawful by Moses, without any distinction of days, but “they” had denied its lawfulness on the Sabbath. Christ shows them from their own law that it was “not” unlawful.

Mark 2:25

Have ye never read … - See the notes at Matthew 12:3.

Mark 2:26

Abiathar the priest - From 1 Samuel 21:1, it appears that Ahimelech was high priest at the time here referred to. And from 1 Samuel 23:6, it appears that “Abiathar” was the son of “Ahimelech.” Some difficulty has been felt in reconciling these accounts. The probable reason as to why Mark says it was in the days of “Abiathar” is that Abiathar was better known than Ahimelech. The son of the high priest was regarded as his successor, and was often associated with him in the duties of his office. It was not improper, therefore, to designate him as high priest even during the life of his father, especially as that was the name by which he was afterward known. “Abiathar,” moreover, in the calamitous times when David came to the throne, left the interest of Saul and fled to David, bringing with him the ephod, one of the special garments of the high priest. For a long time, during David‘s reign, he was high priest, and it became natural, therefore, to associate “his” name with that of David; to speak of David as king, and Abiathar the high priest of his time. This will account for the fact that he was spoken of rather than his father. At the same time this was strictly true, that this was done in the days of “Abiathar,” who was afterward high priest, and was familiarly spoken of as such; as we say that “General” Washington was present at the defeat of Braddock and saved his army, though the title of “General” did not belong to him until many years afterward. Compare the notes at Luke 2:2.

showbread - See the notes at Matthew 12:4.

Mark 2:27

The sabbath was made for man - For his rest from toil, his rest from the cares and anxieties of the world, to give him an opportunity to call off his attention from earthly concerns and to direct it to the affairs of eternity. It was a kind provision for man that he might refresh his body by relaxing his labors; that he might have undisturbed time to seek the consolations of religion to cheer him in the anxieties and sorrows of a troubled world; and that he might render to God that homage which is most justly due to him as the Creator, Preserver, Benefactor, and Redeemer of the world. And it is easily capable of proof that no institution has been more signally blessed to man‘s welfare than the Sabbath. To that we owe, more than to anything else, the peace and order of a civilized community. Where there is no Sabbath there is ignorance, vice, disorder, and crime. On that holy day the poor and the ignorant, as well as the learned, have undisturbed time to learn the requirements of religion, the nature of morals, the law of God, and the way of salvation. On that day man may offer his praises to the Great Giver of all good, and in the sanctuary seek the blessing of him whose favor is life. Where that day is observed in any manner as it should be, order prevails, morals are promoted, the poor are elevated in their condition, vice flies away, and the community puts on the appearance of neatness, industry, morality, and religion. The Sabbath was therefore pre-eminently intended for man‘s welfare, and the best interests of mankind demand that it should be sacredly regarded as an appointment of merciful heaven intended for our best good, and, where improved aright, infallibly resulting in our temporal and eternal peace.

Not man for the sabbath - Man was made “first,” and then the Sabbath was appointed for his welfare, Genesis 2:1-3. The Sabbath was not “first” made or contemplated, and then the man made with reference to that. Since, therefore, the Sabbath was intended for man‘s “good,” the law respecting it must not be interpreted so as to oppose his real welfare. It must be explained in consistency with a proper attention to the duties of mercy to the poor and the sick, and to those in peril. It must be, however, in accordance with man‘s “real good on the whole,” and with the law of God. The law of God contemplates man‘s “real good on the whole;” and we have no right, under the plea that the Sabbath was made for man, to do anything contrary to what the law of God admits. It would not be for our “real good,” but for our real and eternal injury, to devote the Sabbath to vice, to labor, or to amusement.

Mark 2:28

Therefore the Son of man … - See the notes at Matthew 12:8.


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Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, July 24th, 2019
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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