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New King James
Acts 1:24

And they prayed and said, "You, O Lord, who know the hearts of all, show which of these two You have chosen

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Coffman Commentaries;   Barne's Notes;   Box's Commentaries on Selected Books;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Calvin's Commentary;   Cambridge Greek Testament;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Daily Study Bible;   Darby's Synopsis;   Dunagan Commentary;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Expositor's Greek Testament;   Family Bible New Testament;   Hole's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Godbey's NT Commentary;   Gary Hampton Commentary;   Everett's Study Notes;   Alford's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   The Bible Study New Testament;   Ironside's Notes;   Bengel's Gnomon;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   Gray's Commentary;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Commentary on Acts;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   People's New Testament;   Benson's Commentary;   Robertson's Word Pictures;   Schaff's New Testament Commentary;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Vincent's Studies;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - Church;   God Continued...;   Heart;   Jesus Continued;   Judas (Jude);   Matthias;   Minister, Christian;   Prayer;   Scofield Reference Index - Bible Prayers;   Thompson Chain Reference - Divine;   Guidance, Divine;   Omniscience;   Wisdom-Folly;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Providence of God, the;  

Dictionaries:

- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Apostle;   Barsabas;   Matthias;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Apostle;   Elder;   Jesus christ;   Prayer;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Elect, Election;   Mission;   Prayer;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Commentary;   Worship of God;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Lot;   Peter;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Apostle;   Matthias;   Prayer;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Acts;   Church;   Matthias;   Ordination, Ordain;   Prayer;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Decision;   Mark, Gospel According to;   Person of Christ;   Peter;   Prayer;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Abstinence;   Atonement (2);   Attributes of Christ;   Choice;   Election;   Foresight;   Galatians Epistle to the;   God;   Intercession;   Lord;   Lots;   Mediation Mediator;   Ordination;   Prayer;   Seventy (2);   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Matthias;   Theophilus;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Apostle;   Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   Matthias;  

Encyclopedias:

- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Authority in Religion;   Bishop;   Choose;   Decision;   Foreknow;   Heart;   Intercession;   James;   Joseph Barsabbas;   Matthias;   Omniscience;   Peter, Simon;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Apostle;  

Parallel Translations

The Amplified Bible
And they prayed and said, You, Lord, Who know all hearts ( their thoughts, passions, desires, appetites, purposes, and endeavors), indicate to us which one of these two You have chosen

The Complete Jewish Bible
Then they prayed, "Lord, you know everyone's heart. Show us which of these two you have chosen

American Standard Version
And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, who knowest the hearts of all men, show of these two the one whom thou hast chosen,

Bible in Basic English
And they made prayers and said, Lord, having knowledge of the hearts of all men, make clear which of these two has been marked out by you,

English Revised Version
And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew of these two the one whom thou hast chosen,

Contemporary English Version
Then they all prayed, "Lord, you know what everyone is like! Show us the one you have chosen

English Standard Version
And they prayed and said, "You, Lord, who know the hearts of all, show which one of these two you have chosen

Easy-to-Read Version

The Geneva Bible (1587)
And they praied, saying, Thou Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shewe whether of these two thou hast chosen,

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
And as they prayed, they said, O LORD, you know what is in the hearts of all men; show which of these two you choose,

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
And they prayed, saying: Thou Lord which knowest the heartes of all men, shewe whether of these two thou haste chosen,

Darby's Translation
And they prayed, and said, Thou Lord, knower of the hearts of all, shew which one of these two thou hast chosen,

King James Version (1611)
And they prayed, and said, Thou Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen,

New Revised Standard
Then they prayed and said, "Lord, you know everyone's heart. Show us which one of these two you have chosen

Douay-Rheims Bible
And praying, they said: Thou, Lord, who knowest the heart of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen,

New Century Version

James Murdock Translation of the Peshitta
And when they had prayed, they said: Thou, Lord, knowest what is in the hearts of all, manifest which thou hast chosen of these two,

Wesley's New Testament (1755)
And they prayed and said, Thou, Lord, who knowest the hearts of all, shew which of these two thou hast chosen,

Good News Translation
Then they prayed, <

Holman Christian Standard
Then they prayed, "You, Lord, know the hearts of all; show which of these two You have chosen

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
makinge their prayer and sayenge: Thou LORDE, which knowest the hertes of all men, shewe whether of these two thou hast chosen,

Mace New Testament (1729)
saying, "thou Lord, who knowest the hearts of all men, show us which of these two thou hast chosen,

J.P. Green Literal Translation
And having prayed, they said, You, Lord, knower of all hearts, show which one You chose from these two,

New Living Translation
Then they all prayed for the right man to be chosen. "O Lord," they said, "you know every heart. Show us which of these men you have chosen

New International Version
Then they prayed, “Lord, you know everyone’s heart. Show us which of these two you have chosen

King James Version
And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen,

New American Standard Version
And they prayed and said, "You, Lord, who know the hearts of all men, show which one of these two You have chosen

New Life Version
Then the followers prayed, saying, "Lord, You know the hearts of all men. Show us which of these two men You have chosen.

Hebrew Names Version
They prayed, and said, "You, Lord, who know the hearts of all men, show which one of these two you have chosen

International Standard Version
Then they prayed, "Lord, you know the hearts of all people. Show us which one of these two men you have chosen

John Etheridge Translation of the Peshitta
And praying, they said, Thou, Lord, (who) knowest the hearts of all, show the one whom thou choosest of these two,

The Emphasised Bible
And, praying, they said - Thou Lord! observer of the hearts of all men! shew forth whom thou hast chosen, - of these two, one; -

Revised Standard Version
And they prayed and said, "Lord, who knowest the hearts of all men, show which one of these two thou hast chosen

Tyndale Bible
And they prayed sayinge: thou Lorde which knowest the hertes of all me shewe whether of these two thou hast chosen

Updated Bible Version 1.9
And they prayed, and said, You, Lord, who know the hearts of all men, show of these two the one whom you have chosen,

The Webster Bible
And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, who knowest the hearts of all [men], show which of these two thou hast chosen,

World English Bible
They prayed, and said, "You, Lord, who know the hearts of all men, show which one of these two you have chosen

Weymouth New Testament
And the brethren prayed, saying, "Thou, Lord, who knowest the hearts of all, show clearly which of these two Thou hast chosen

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
And thei preieden, and seiden, Thou, Lord, that knowist the hertis of alle men, schewe whom thou hast chosun of these tweyne,

Young's Literal Translation
and having prayed, they said, `Thou, Lord, who art knowing the heart of all, shew which one thou didst choose of these two

The Message
Then they prayed, "You, O God, know every one of us inside and out. Make plain which of these two men you choose

Lexham English Bible
And they prayed and*Here "and" is supplied because the previous participle ("prayed") has been translated as a finite verb said, "You, Lord, who know the hearts of all, show clearly which one of these two you have chosen

Contextual Overview

15And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples (altogether the number of names was about a hundred and twenty), and said, 16"Men and brethren, this Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke before by the mouth of David concerning Judas, who became a guide to those who arrested Jesus; 17for he was numbered with us and obtained a part in this ministry." 18(Now this man purchased a field with the wages of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst open in the middle and all his entrails gushed out. 19And it became known to all those dwelling in Jerusalem; so that field is called in their own language, Akel Dama, that is, Field of Blood.) 20"For it is written in the Book of Psalms: "Let his dwelling place be desolate, And let no one live in it'; and, "Let another take his office.' 21"Therefore, of these men who have accompanied us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, 22beginning from the baptism of John to that day when He was taken up from us, one of these must become a witness with us of His resurrection." 23And they proposed two: Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias. 24And they prayed and said, "You, O Lord, who know the hearts of all, show which of these two You have chosen

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen,
they
13:2,3; Proverbs 3:5,6; Luke 6:12,13
Thou, Lord
15:8; Numbers 27:16; 1 Samuel 16:7; 1 Kings 8:39; 1 Chronicles 28:9; 29:17; Psalms 7:9; 44:21; Proverbs 15:11; Jeremiah 11:20; 17:10; 20:12; John 2:24,25; 21:17; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 2:23

Cross-References

Genesis 1:9
Then God said, "Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear"; and it was so.

Genesis 1:10
And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas. And God saw that it was good.

Genesis 6:20
Of the birds after their kind, of animals after their kind, and of every creeping thing of the earth after its kind, two of every kind will come to you to keep them alive.

Genesis 7:14
they and every beast after its kind, all cattle after their kind, every creeping thing that creeps on the earth after its kind, and every bird after its kind, every bird of every sort.

Genesis 8:19
Every animal, every creeping thing, every bird, and whatever creeps on the earth, according to their families, went out of the ark.

Job 39:1
"Do you know the time when the wild mountain goats bear young? Or can you mark when the deer gives birth?

Job 39:5
"Who set the wild donkey free? Who loosed the bonds of the onager,

Job 39:9
"Will the wild ox be willing to serve you? Will he bed by your manger?

Job 39:19
"Have you given the horse strength? Have you clothed his neck with thunder?

Job 40:15
"Look now at the behemoth, which I made along with you; He eats grass like an ox.

Gill's Notes on the Bible

And they prayed and said,.... Having proposed the above two persons, and not well knowing which to pitch upon, they being both very agreeable and fit for such service; they chose not to determine the affair without seeking to God for direction; a method to be taken in all cases, and especially in matters of importance: and the substance of their petition, though perhaps not in just the same words, was,

thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men; which is a character peculiar to the one only living, and true God; for none knows the hearts of men, but God, who is the Maker of them; and he knows all the thoughts, counsels, and purposes of them, and the good or bad that is in them:

shew whether of these two thou hast chosen; being desirous of having their choice directed by the choice God had made, in his eternal mind; and which they desired might be signified and pointed out to them, in some way or another, that they might be certain of the mind and will of God, and act according to it.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

And they prayed - As they could not agree on the individual, they invoked the direction of God in their choice - an example which should be followed in every selection of an individual to exercise the duties of the sacred office of the ministry.

Which knowest the hearts of all men - This is often declared to be the special prerogative of God, Jeremiah 17:10, “I, Yahweh, search the heart,” etc.; Psalm 139:1, Psalm 139:23; 1 Chronicles 28:9. Yet this attribute is also expressly ascribed to Jesus Christ, Revelation 2:18; compare 23, “These things saith the Son of God - I am he which searcheth the reins and the hearts”; John 2:25; John 6:64; John 16:19. There are strong reasons for supposing that the apostles on this occasion addressed this prayer to the Lord Jesus Christ:

(1)The name Lord - Κύριος Kurios- is the common appellation which they gave to him, Acts 2:36; Acts 7:59-60; Acts 10:36; 1 Corinthians 2:8; Philemon 2:11; Revelation 11:8, et al.

(2)we are told that they worshipped him, or rendered him divine honors after his ascension, Luke 24:52.

(3)the disciples were accustomed to address him after his crucifixion by the names Lord or God indifferently, Acts 1:6; John 20:28; Acts 7:59.

(4)this was a matter pertaining especially to the church which the Lord Jesus had redeemed, and “to his own arrangement” in regard to it. He had chosen the apostles; he had given them their commission; he had fixed their number; and, what is worthy of special remark here, he had been the companion of the very men here designated as candidates for the office, and knew their qualifications for this work. If the apostles ever called on the Lord Jesus after his ascension, this was a case in which they would be likely to do it. That it was done is clear from the account of the death of Stephen, Acts 7:59-60. And in this important matter of ordaining a new apostle to be a witness for Jesus Christ, nothing was more natural than that they should address him, though bodily absent, as they would assuredly have done if he were present. But if on this occasion they did actually address Christ, then two things clearly follow. First, that it is proper to render him divine homage, agreeably to the uniform declarations of the Scripture: John 5:23, “That all men should honor the Son even as they honor the Father”; Hebrews 1:6, “And let all the angels of God worship him”; Philemon 2:10-11; Revelation 5:8-14; 1 Thessalonians 3:11-12. Secondly, he must be divine. To none other but God can religious homage be rendered; and none other can be described as knowing the hearts of all people. The reason why they appealed to him on this occasion as the searcher of the heart was doubtless the great importance of the work to which the successor of Judas was to be called. One apostle of fair external character had proved a traitor; and, with this fact before them, they appealed to the Saviour himself to select one who would be true to him, and not bring dishonor upon his cause.

Show whether … - Show which of them.

Thou hast chosen - Which of the two thou hast judged to be best qualified for the work.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

Thou Lord, which knowest the hearts - Συ, κυριε, καρδιογνωστα . The word καρδιογνωστης, the searcher of hearts, seems to be used here as an attribute of God; he knows the hearts, the most secret purposes, intentions, and dispositions of all men; and because he is the knower of hearts, he knew which of these men he had qualified the best, by natural and gracious dispositions and powers, for the important work to which one of them was now to be appointed.


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New King James
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Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, September 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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