corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.09.16
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Study the Bible

New King James
Matthew 28:19

Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Barne's Notes;   Box's Commentaries on Selected Books;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Calvin's Commentary;   Cambridge Greek Testament;   Lapide's Commentary;   Church Pulpit Commentary;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Daily Study Bible;   Darby's Synopsis;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Expositor's Greek Testament;   Family Bible New Testament;   Hole's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Golden Chain Commentary;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Godbey's NT Commentary;   Everett's Study Notes;   Geneva Study Bible;   Alford's Commentary;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   The Bible Study New Testament;   Ironside's Notes;   Bengel's Gnomon;   Broadus on Matthew;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   Gray's Commentary;   Lightfoot's Commentary;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Wells of Living Water;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   People's New Testament;   Benson's Commentary;   Robertson's Word Pictures;   Ryle's Exposiory Thougths;   Sermon Bible;   Schaff's New Testament Commentary;   Horae Homileticae;   Spurgeon's Verse Expositions;   Scofield's Notes;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Fourfold Gospel;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Vincent's Studies;   Wesley's Notes;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - Apostles;   Baptism;   Gospel;   Holy Spirit;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Minister, Christian;   Missions;   Salvation;   Trinity;   Scofield Reference Index - God;   Grace;   Trinity;   Thompson Chain Reference - Baptism;   Church;   Dead, the;   Duty;   Gospel;   Ministers;   Missions, World-Wide;   Mortality-Immortality;   Resurrection;   Sacraments;   Trinity;   The Topic Concordance - Baptism;   Disciples/apostles;   Evangelism;   Gospel;   Sending and Those Sent;   Teaching;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Apostles, the;   Baptism;   Christ, the Head of the Church;   Heathen, the;   Holy Spirit, the, Is God;   Ministers;   Missionary Work by Ministers;   Trinity, the;  

Dictionaries:

- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Apostle;   Authority;   Baptism;   Church;   Disciple;   Evangelist;   Gentile;   Gospels;   Holy spirit;   Inspiration;   Matthew, gospel of;   Mission;   Name;   Nation;   Sacrament;   Teacher;   Thomas;   Trinity;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Apostle;   Appoint;   Baptize, Baptism;   Church, the;   Disciple, Discipleship;   Forgiveness;   God;   Great Commission, the;   Holy, Holiness;   Holy Spirit;   Holy Spirit, Gifts of;   Jesus Christ, Name and Titles of;   Mark, Theology of;   Mission;   Nations, the;   Paul the Apostle;   Religion;   Remnant;   Slave, Slavery;   Teach, Teacher;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Angel;   Baptism ;   Covenant;   Holy Ghost;   Jesus Christ;   Ordinances of the Gospel;   Trinity;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Apostle;   Baptism;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Apostle;   Baptism, Christian;   Call;   Holy Ghost;   Resurrection of Christ;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Baptism;   Church;   Elisha;   Gospels;   Holy Spirit, the;   Manna;   Mystery;   Name;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Authority;   Baptism;   Church;   Disciples;   Education in Bible Times;   Gentiles;   Gestures;   God;   Godhead;   Immutability of God;   Incarnation;   Jesus Christ;   Jesus, Life and Ministry of;   Matthew, the Gospel of;   Mission(s);   Ordinances;   Resurrection of Jesus Christ;   Trinity;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Atonement;   Baptism;   Creed;   Exorcism;   God;   Incarnation;   Jesus Christ;   Matthew, Gospel According to;   Person of Christ;   Sacraments;   Trinity;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Apostle;   Atonement;   Atonement (2);   Attributes of Christ;   Authority in Religion;   Baptism;   Baptism ;   Benediction ;   Character;   Church (2);   Commission;   Cosmopolitanism;   Disciple;   Discipleship;   Discourse;   Divinity of Christ;   Doctrines;   Doxology;   Elect, Election ;   Gentiles;   Gentiles (2);   God;   God (2);   Guilt (2);   Holiness;   Holy Spirit;   Holy Spirit (2);   Ideas (Leading);   Impotence;   Israel, Israelite;   John the Baptist;   Justice (2);   Leading;   Logia;   Lord's Supper (Ii);   Matthew, Gospel According to;   Mission;   Missions;   Monotheism;   Name (2);   Names and Titles of Christ;   Numbers (2);   Organization (2);   Palestine;   Personality;   Pharisees (2);   Philanthropy;   Power;   Pre-Eminence ;   Profession;   Progress;   Prophet;   Purity (2);   Religion (2);   Righteous, Righteousness;   Sacraments;   Sanctify, Sanctification;   Son of God;   Tongue ;   Trinity (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Baptism;   Holy Ghost, Holy Spirit;   Son, the;   ;   Trinity;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Baptism;   Gold;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Baptism;   Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   God;   Holy;   Trinity;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Baptism;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Episcopalians;   Inspiration;   Trinity;  

Encyclopedias:

- Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   Law of Moses, the;   Twelve Apostles, the;   Kingdom or Church of Christ, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Apostle;   Authority in Religion;   Baptism (the Baptist Interpretation);   Baptism (Non-Immersionist View);   Baptism (Lutheran Doctrine);   Catechist;   Church;   Creed;   Disciple;   Father, God the;   King, Christ as;   Literature, Sub-Apostolic;   Matthew, the Gospel of;   Millennium: Premillennial View;   Mystery;   Person of Christ;   Peter, Simon;   Philip (2);   Sacraments;   Son of God, the;   Spirit;   Teach;   Trine (Triune) Immersion;   Trinity;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Baptism;  

Devotionals:

- Chip Shots from the Ruff of Life - Devotion for October 18;   Every Day Light - Devotion for March 14;   My Utmost for His Highest - Devotion for October 14;  

Parallel Translations

The Amplified Bible
Go then and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

The Complete Jewish Bible
Therefore, go and make people from all nations into talmidim, immersing them into the reality of the Father, the Son and the Ruach HaKodesh,

American Standard Version
Go ye therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit:

Bible in Basic English
Go then, and make disciples of all the nations, giving them baptism in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit:

English Revised Version
Go ye therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost:

Contemporary English Version
Go to the people of all nations and make them my disciples. Baptize them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit,

English Standard Version
Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

Easy-to-Read Version
So go and make followers of all people in the world. Baptize them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.

The Geneva Bible (1587)
Go therefore, & teach all nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father, and the Sonne, and the holy Ghost,

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
Go, therefore, and convert all nations; and baptize them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit;

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
Go ye therfore, & teache all nations, baptizing them in the name of the father, and of the sonne, and of the holye ghost:

Darby's Translation
Go [therefore] and make disciples of all the nations, baptising them to the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit;

King James Version (1611)
Goe ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father, and of the Sonne, and of the holy Ghost:

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
Go ye youre waye therfore, and teach all nacions, and baptyse them in the name of the father, and of the sonne, and of the holy goost:

New Revised Standard
Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Going therefore, teach ye all nations: baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost.

James Murdock Translation of the Peshitta
Go ye, therefore, and instruct all nations; and baptize them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.

Weymouth New Testament
Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations; baptize them into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit;

Good News Translation
Go, then, to all peoples everywhere and make them my disciples: baptize them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit,

Holman Christian Standard
Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

Mace New Testament (1729)
go and instruct all nations, baptizing them in the name of the father, and of the son, and of the holy ghost:

J.P. Green Literal Translation
Then having gone, disciple all nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

New Living Translation
Therefore, go and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.

New International Version
Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

King James Version
Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

New Century Version
So go and make followers of all people in the world. Baptize them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.

New Life Version
Go and make followers of all the nations. Baptize them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.

Hebrew Names Version
Go, and make talmidim of all nations, immersing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Ruach HaKodesh,

International Standard Version
Therefore, as you go, disciple all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit,

John Etheridge Translation of the Peshitta
As the Father sent me, so also I send you. Go therefore, disciple all nations, and baptize them in the name (of) the Father, and (of) the Son, and (of) the Spirit of Holiness.

New American Standard Version
"Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit,

The Emphasised Bible
Go ye, therefore, and disciple all the nations, Immersing them into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, -

Revised Standard Version
Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

Tyndale Bible
Go therfore and teache all nacions baptysinge them in the name of the father and the sonne and the holy goost:

Updated Bible Version 1.9
Go therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit:

The Webster Bible
Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.

World English Bible
Go, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

Wesley's New Testament (1755)
Go ye and disciple all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
Therfor go ye, and teche alle folkis, baptisynge hem in the name of the Fadir, and of the Sone, and of the Hooli Goost;

Young's Literal Translation
having gone, then, disciple all the nations, (baptizing them -- to the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit,

The Message
Go out and train everyone you meet, far and near, in this way of life, marking them by baptism in the threefold name: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

Lexham English Bible
Therefore, go*As a participle of attendant circumstance this participle carries imperatival force picked up from the main verb ("make disciples") and*Here "and" is supplied because the previous participle ("go") has been translated as a finite verb make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

Contextual Overview

16Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, to the mountain which Jesus had appointed for them. 17When they saw Him, they worshiped Him; but some doubted. 18And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,20teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
ye therefore
Psalms 22:27,28; 98:2,3; Isaiah 42:1-4; 49:6; 52:10; 66:18,19; Mark 16:15,16; Luke 24:47,48; Acts 1:8; 13:46,47; 28:28; Romans 10:18; Colossians 1:23
teach all nations
or, make disciples, or Christians, of all nations. baptizing.
Acts 2:38,39,41; 8:12-16,36-38; 9:18; 10:47,48; 16:15-33; 19:3-5; 1 Corinthians 1:13-16; 15:29; 1 Peter 3:21
the name
3:16,17; Genesis 1:26; Numbers 6:24-27; Isaiah 48:16; 1 Corinthians 12:4-6; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Ephesians 2:18; 1 John 5:7; Revelation 1:4-6

Cross-References

Genesis 12:8
And he moved from there to the mountain east of Bethel, and he pitched his tent with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east; there he built an altar to the LORD and called on the name of the LORD.

Genesis 28:4
And give you the blessing of Abraham, To you and your descendants with you, That you may inherit the land In which you are a stranger, Which God gave to Abraham."

Genesis 28:5
So Isaac sent Jacob away, and he went to Padan Aram, to Laban the son of Bethuel the Syrian, the brother of Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau.

Genesis 28:22
And this stone which I have set as a pillar shall be God's house, and of all that You give me I will surely give a tenth to You."

Genesis 35:1
Then God said to Jacob, "Arise, go up to Bethel and dwell there; and make an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you fled from the face of Esau your brother."

Genesis 48:3
Then Jacob said to Joseph: "God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me,

1 Kings 12:29
And he set up one in Bethel, and the other he put in Dan.

Hosea 4:15
"Though you, Israel, play the harlot, Let not Judah offend. Do not come up to Gilgal, Nor go up to Beth Aven, Nor swear an oath, saying, "As the LORD lives'--

Gill's Notes on the Bible

Go ye therefore,.... Into all the world; some into one place, and some into another; since his power and authority, and so now the commission he gave them, reached every where: before it was confined to Judea, but now it is extended to all the nations of the world; see Matthew 10:6,

and teach all nations; Jews and Gentiles, first the one, and then the other, the doctrines of the Gospel, and the ordinances of it; whatever they had learned from Christ, or were ordered by him, or "disciple all nations": make them disciples by teaching them; or, as the Persic version, by way of explanation, adds, "bring them to my religion and faith": not that they were able to do this of themselves, but they were to teach men externally, or outwardly minister the word, whilst the Spirit of God internally applied it, and taught, and made men true disciples of Christ: and they are such, who have learned to know themselves, their sin, and lost estate by nature; to deny themselves, both sinful and righteous self; who have learnt to know Christ, and the way of righteousness, peace, pardon, life, and salvation by him; and who are taught and enabled to part with all for Christ, and to bear all for his sake, and to believe in him, and give up themselves to him, and follow him whithersoever he goes:

baptizing them; not all nations, for the antecedent to the relative "them", cannot be "all nations"; since παντα τα εθνη, the words for "all nations", are of the neuter gender, whereas αυτους, "them", is of the masculine: nor can it be thought that it should be the mind of Christ, that all the individuals of all nations should be baptized, as Heathens, Turks, and Jews; but μαθευτας, "disciples", supposed and contained in the word μαθετευσατε, "teach", or "make disciples"; such as are taught, and made disciples by teaching, or under the ministry of the word by the Spirit of God: Christ's orders are to "baptize": טבלו, "dip" them, as Munster's Hebrew Gospel renders it; that is, in water, which, though not expressed, is implied; for with no other baptism could the apostles baptize: not with the Holy Ghost, and with fire; for this was Christ's peculiar prerogative; but with water, which they in obedience to this commission practised, Acts 8:36, and which was to be done

in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost; by the authority of these three divine persons, who all appeared, and testified their approbation of the administration of this ordinance, at the baptism of Christ: and as they are to be invocated in it, so the persons baptized not only profess faith in each divine person, but are devoted to their service, and worship, and are laid under obligation to obedience to them, Hence a confirmation of the doctrine of the Trinity, there are three persons, but one name, but one God, into which believers are baptized; and a proof of the true deity both of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost; and that Christ, as the Son of God, is God; since baptism is administered equally in the name of all three, as a religious ordinance, a part of divine instituted worship, which would never be in the name of a creature. This is the first, and indeed the only, place in which the Trinity of persons is expressed in this order, and in the selfsame words. Galatinus pretends, that the ancient Jews used the same way of speaking. It would be well if proof could be made of it: he asserts it to be in Zohar on Deuteronomy 6:4, and in the Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel on Isaiah 6:3. In the former he says, it is expressed thus, "hear, O Israel; the Lord", he is called "the Father; our God", he is called the Son; "is one Lord", this is "the Holy Ghost", who proceeds from both; and again, by the same R. Simeon, it is said, "holy", this is אב, "the Father"; "holy", this is בן, "the Son"; "holy", this is רוח הקדש, "the Holy Ghost": and in the latter after this manner, "Holy Father, Holy Son, and Holy Holy Ghost"; but no such words are now to be found in either of these places. He affirms, that he himself saw a copy of Jonathan's Targum that had these words. The Jews often speak of the Tetragrammaton, or name of four letters, the name Jehovah, which they say is not lawful to be pronounced; and also of the name of twelve letters, which the above writer makes to be "Father, Son, and Holy Ghost"; and of forty two letters, which from a book called Gale Razia, he says is,

"Father God, Son God, Holy Ghost God, three in one, and one in three;'

which in the Hebrew language make up so many letters; but this wants better authority.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Go ye therefore - “Because” all power is mine, go! I can defend you. The world is placed under my control. It is redeemed. It is given me in promise by my Father, as the purchase of my death. Though you are weak, yet I am strong! Though you will encounter many troubles and dangers, yet I can defend you! Though you die, yet I live, and the work shall be accomplished!

Teach all nations - The word rendered “teach,” here, is not the one that is usually so translated in the New Testament. This word properly means “to disciple, or to make disciples of.” This was to be done, however, by teaching, and by administering baptism.

All nations - This gracious commission was the foundation of their authority to go to the Gentiles. The Jews had expected that the offers of life under the Messiah would be confined to their own nation. Jesus broke down the partition wall, and commissioned his disciples to go everywhere, and bring the “world” to the knowledge of himself.

Baptizing them - as an emblem of the purifying influences of the Christian religion through the Holy Spirit, and solemnly devoting them to God.

In the name … - This phrase does not mean, here, “by the authority” of the Father, etc. To be baptized in the name of the Father, etc., is the same as to be baptized “unto” the Father; as to believe on the “name” of Christ is the same as to believe “on Christ,” John 1:12; John 2:23; John 3:18; 1 Corinthians 1:13. To be baptized “unto” anyone is publicly to receive and adopt him as a religious teacher or lawgiver; to receive his system of religion. Thus, the Jews were baptized “unto Moses,” 1 Corinthians 10:2. That is, they received the system that he taught; they acknowledged him as their lawgiver and teacher. So Paul asks 1 Corinthians 1:13, “Were ye baptized in the name of Paul?” - that is, Were you devoted to Paul by this rite? Did you bind yourselves to “him,” and give yourselves away to “him,” or to God? So to be baptized in the name of the Father, or unto the Father, means publicly, by a significant rite, to receive his system of religion; to bind the soul to obey his laws; to be devoted to him; to receive, as the guide and comforter of the life, his instructions, and to trust to his promises. To be baptized unto the Son, in like manner, is to receive him as the Messiah - our Prophet, Priest, and King - to submit to his laws, and to receive him as a Saviour. To be baptized unto the Holy Spirit is to receive him publicly as the Sanctifier, Comforter, and Guide of the soul. The meaning, then, may be thus expressed: Baptizing them unto the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit by a solemn profession of the only true religion, and by a solemn consecration to the service of the sacred Trinity.

The union of these three names in the form of baptism proves that the Son and Holy Spirit are equal with the Father. Nothing would be more absurd or blasphemous than to unite the name of a creature - a man or an angel - with the name of the ever-living God in this solemn rite. If Jesus was a mere man or an angel, as is held by many who deny his divinity, and if the Holy Spirit was a mere “attribute” of God, then it would have been the height of absurdity to use a form like this, or to direct the apostles to baptize people under them. How absurd would be the direction - nay, how blasphemous - to have said, “Baptize them unto God, and unto Paul, and unto the “wisdom or power” of God!” Can we believe that our Saviour would have given a direction so absurd as this? Yet, unless he himself is divine, and the Holy Spirit is divine, Jesus gave a direction substantially the same as this. The form of baptism, therefore, has been always regarded as an unbreakable argument for the doctrine of the Trinity, or that the Son and Holy Spirit are equal with the Father.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

Go ye therefore - Because I have the authority aforesaid, and can send whomsoever I will to do whatsoever I please: - teach, μαθητευσατε, make disciples of all nations, bring them to an acquaintance with God who bought them, and then baptize them in the name of the Father. It is natural to suppose that adults were the first subjects of baptism; for as the Gospel was, in a peculiar manner, sent to the Gentiles, they must hear and receive it, before they could be expected to renounce their old prejudices and idolatries, and come into the bonds of the Christian covenant. But, certainly, no argument can be drawn from this concession against the baptism of children. When the Gentiles and Jews had received the faith and blessings of the Gospel, it is natural enough to suppose they should wish to get their children incorporated with the visible Church of Christ; especially if, as many pious and learned men have believed, baptism succeeded to circumcision, which I think has never yet been disproved. The apostles knew well that the Jews not only circumcised the children of proselytes, but also baptized them; and as they now received a commission to teach and proselyte all the nations, and baptize them in the name of the holy Trinity, they must necessarily understand that infants were included: nor could they, the custom of their country being considered, have understood our Lord differently, unless he had, in the most express terms, said that they were not to baptize children, which neither he nor his apostles ever did. And as to the objection, that the baptized were obliged to profess their faith, and that, therefore, only adults should be baptized, there is no weight at all in it; because what is spoken of such refers to those who, only at that period of life, heard the Gospel, and were not born of parents who had been Christians; therefore they could not have been baptized into the Christian faith, forasmuch as no such faith was at their infancy preached in the world. That the children and even infants, of proselytes, were baptized among the Jews, and reputed, in consequence, clean, and partakers of the blessings of the covenant, see proved at large by Wetstein, in his note on Matthew 3:16. - See the note on Matthew 3:6, and particularly on Mark 16:16; (note).

In the name of the Father, etc. - Baptism, properly speaking, whether administered by dipping or sprinkling, signifies a full and eternal consecration of the person to the service and honor of that Being in whose name it is administered; but this consecration can never be made to a creature; therefore the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit, are not creatures. Again, baptism is not made in the name of a quality or attribute of the Divine nature; therefore the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit, are not qualities or attributes of the Divine nature. The orthodox, as they are termed, have generally considered this text as a decisive proof of the doctrine of the holy Trinity: and what else can they draw from it? Is it possible for words to convey a plainer sense than these do? And do they not direct every reader to consider the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, as three distinct persons? "But this I can never believe." I cannot help that - you shall not be persecuted by me for differing from my opinion. I cannot go over to you; I must abide by what I believe to be the meaning of the Scriptures. Dr. Lightfoot has some good thoughts on this commission given to the apostles: -

    "I. Christ commands them to go and baptize the nations: but how much time was past before such a journey was taken! And when the time was now come that this work should be begun, Peter doth not enter upon it without a previous admonition given him from heaven. And this was occasioned hereby, that, according to the command of Christ, the Gospel was first to be preached to Judea, Samaria, and Galilee.

"II. He commands them to baptize in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost; but among the Jews, they baptized only in the name of Jesus. See Acts 2:38; Acts 8:16; Acts 19:5. For this reason, that thus the baptizers might assert, and the baptized confess, Jesus to be the true Messias; which was chiefly controverted by the Jews. Of the same nature is that apostolic blessing, Grace and peace from God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ. Where then is the Holy Ghost? He is not excluded, however he be not named. The Jews did more easily consent to the Spirit of the Messias, which they very much celebrate, than to the person of the Messias. Above all others they deny and abjure Jesus of Nazareth. It belonged to the apostles, therefore, the more earnestly to assert Jesus (to be the Messias) by how much the more vehemently they opposed him: which being once cleared, the acknowledging of the Spirit of Christ would be introduced without delay or scruple. Moses, (in Exodus 6:14;), going about to reckon up all the tribes of Israel, goes no farther than the tribe of Levi; and takes up with that to which his business and story at that present related. In like manner, the apostles, for the present, baptize in the name of Jesus, and bless in the name of the Father and of Jesus, that thereby they might more firmly establish the doctrine of Jesus, which met with such sharp and virulent opposition; which doctrine being established among them, they would soon agree about the Holy Ghost.

"III. Among the Jews, the controversy was about the true Messias; among the Gentiles, about the true God. It was therefore proper among the Jews to baptize in the name of Jesus, that he might be vindicated to be the true Messias. Among the Gentiles, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, that they might be hereby instructed in the doctrine of the true God. - Let this be particularly noted.

"IV. The Jews baptized proselytes into the name of the Father, that is, into the profession of God, whom they called by the name of Father. The apostles baptize the Jews into the name of Jesus the Son, and the Gentiles, into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.

"V. The Father hath revealed himself in the old covenant; the Son in the new; in human flesh by his miracles, doctrine, resurrection and ascension; the Holy Ghost in his gifts and miracles. Thus the doctrine of the ever blessed Trinity grew by degrees to full maturity. For the arriving to the acknowledgment of which, it was incumbent upon all who professed the true God to be three in one to be baptized into his name." Lightfoot's Works, vol. ii. p. 274.


Copyright Statement:
New King James
© 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
The text of the New King James Version (NKJV) appearing on or deriving from this or any other web page is for personal use only. Any other use of the NKJV must be in conformity with the Quotation Policy for the New King James Version. For more information about the New King James Version, the Quotation Policy, and for inquiries about permission to use the New King James Version, go to https://www.nelsonbibles.com.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, September 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology