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New Living Translation
Matthew 23:33

Snakes! Sons of vipers! How will you escape the judgment of hell?

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Barne's Notes;   Box's Commentaries on Selected Books;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Calvin's Commentary;   Cambridge Greek Testament;   Lapide's Commentary;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Daily Study Bible;   Darby's Synopsis;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Expositor's Greek Testament;   Hole's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Golden Chain Commentary;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Godbey's NT Commentary;   Everett's Study Notes;   Alford's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   The Bible Study New Testament;   Ironside's Notes;   Bengel's Gnomon;   Broadus on Matthew;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   Lightfoot's Commentary;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Grant's Commentary;   Wells of Living Water;   MacLaren's Expositions;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   People's New Testament;   Benson's Commentary;   Robertson's Word Pictures;   Ryle's Exposiory Thougths;   Schaff's New Testament Commentary;   Spurgeon's Verse Expositions;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Fourfold Gospel;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Wesley's Notes;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - Church;   Ecclesiasticism;   Escape;   Hell;   Hypocrisy;   Judgments;   Pharisees;   Punishment;   Responsibility;   Satire;   Sin;   Teachers;   Viper;   Wicked (People);   Thompson Chain Reference - Denunciations;   Error;   Escape, No;   Eternal;   Everlasting;   Future State of the Wicked;   Future, the;   Gehenna;   Hell;   No;   Palliation-Denunciation;   Plainness of Speech;   Punishment;   Serpents;   Sin;   Sin's;   Sin-Saviour;   Speech;   Transgression;   Words of Christ;   The Topic Concordance - Hypocrisy;   Sending and Those Sent;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Death, Eternal;   Pharisees, the;   Punishment of the Wicked, the;   Serpents;   Titles and Names of the Wicked;   Wicked, the, Are Compared to;  

Dictionaries:

- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Pharisees;   Viper;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Hell;   Hypocrisy;   Jerusalem;   Matthew, gospel of;   Meekness;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Anger;   Hell;   Jesus Christ;   Mission;   Persecution;   Suffering;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Pharisees;   Supralapsarians;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Gehenna;   Hell;   Hinnom;   Viper;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Hell;   Pharisees;   Viper;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Eschatology;   Gehenna;   Matthew, the Gospel of;   Salutation;   Serpent;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Hypocrite;   Judas Iscariot;   Medicine;   Scribes;   Serpent;   Text of the New Testament;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Animals;   Children of God;   Claim;   Condemnation (2);   Courage;   Death of Christ;   Discourse;   Error;   Gehenna (2);   Generation;   Judgment;   Man (2);   Mental Characteristics;   Old Testament (Ii. Christ as Student and Interpreter of).;   Paradox;   Pharisees (2);   Poet;   Reality;   Redemption (2);   Sabbath ;   Sacrifice (2);   Sanctify, Sanctification;   Scorn;   Self-Control;   Serpent;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Damnation;   Hell;   Scribes;   Viper,;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Pharisee;   Scribe;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Viper;  

Encyclopedias:

- Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Damn;   Gehenna;   Jesus Christ (Part 2 of 2);   Serpent;   Viper;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Hypocrisy;   John the Baptist;  

Parallel Translations

The Amplified Bible
You serpents! You spawn of vipers! How can you escape the penalty to be suffered in hell (Gehenna)?

The Complete Jewish Bible
"You snakes! Sons of snakes! How can you escape being condemned to Gei Hinnom?

American Standard Version
Ye serpents, ye offspring of vipers, how shall ye escape the judgment of hell?

Bible in Basic English
You snakes, offspring of snakes, how will you be kept from the punishment of hell?

English Revised Version
Ye serpents, ye offspring of vipers, how shall ye escape the judgment of hell?

Contemporary English Version
You are nothing but snakes and the children of snakes! How can you escape going to hell?

English Standard Version
You serpents, you brood of vipers, how are you to escape being sentenced to hell?

Easy-to-Read Version
"You are snakes! You are from a family of poisonous snakes! You will not escape God. You will all be judged guilty and go to hell!

The Geneva Bible (1587)
O serpents, the generation of vipers, howe should ye escape the damnation of hell!

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
O you serpents, and seed of scorpions! how can you flee from the judgment of hell?

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
Ye serpentes, ye generation of vipers, howe wyll ye escape the dampnation of hell?

Darby's Translation
Serpents, offspring of vipers, how should ye escape the judgment of hell?

King James Version (1611)
Yee serpents, yee generation of vipers, How can yee escape the damnation of hell?

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
O ye serpentes, O ye generacion of vypers, how wyl ye escape the damnacion of Hell?

New Revised Standard
You snakes, you brood of vipers! How can you escape being sentenced to hell?

Douay-Rheims Bible
You serpents, generation of vipers, how will you flee from the judgment of hell?

James Murdock Translation of the Peshitta
Ye serpents, ye race of vipers: how can ye escape the condemnation of hell?

Weymouth New Testament
O serpents, O vipers' brood, how are you to escape condemnation to Gehenna?

Good News Translation
You snakes and children of snakes! How do you expect to escape from being condemned to hell?

Holman Christian Standard
"Snakes! Brood of vipers! How can you escape being condemned to hell?

Mace New Testament (1729)
ye serpents, ye brood of vipers, how can ye escape the punishment of Gehenna?

J.P. Green Literal Translation
Serpents! Offspring of vipers! How shall you escape the judgment of Hell?

New King James
Serpents, brood of vipers! How can you escape the condemnation of hell?

New International Version
“You snakes! You brood of vipers! How will you escape being condemned to hell?

King James Version
Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?

New Century Version
"You are snakes! A family of poisonous snakes! How are you going to escape God's judgment?

New Life Version
You snakes! You family of snakes! How can you be kept from hell?

Hebrew Names Version
You serpents, you offspring of vipers, how will you escape the judgment of Gehinnom?

International Standard Version
You snakes, you children of serpents! How can you escape being condemned to hell?

John Etheridge Translation of the Peshitta
Serpents, birth of vipers ! how will you escape from the judgment of gihana ?

New American Standard Version
"You serpents, you brood of vipers, how will you escape the sentence of hell?

The Emphasised Bible
Serpents! broods of vipers! how should ye flee from the judgment of gehenna?

Revised Standard Version
You serpents, you brood of vipers, how are you to escape being sentenced to hell?

Tyndale Bible
Yee serpentes and generacion of vipers how shuld ye scape ye dapnacio of hell?

Updated Bible Version 1.9
You serpents, you offspring of vipers, how shall you escape the judgment of hell?

The Webster Bible
[Ye] serpents, [ye] generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?

World English Bible
You serpents, you offspring of vipers, how will you escape the judgment of Gehenna?

Wesley's New Testament (1755)
how can ye escape the damnation of hell?

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
Ye eddris, and eddris briddis, hou schulen ye fle fro the doom of helle?

Young's Literal Translation
`Serpents! brood of vipers! how may ye escape from the judgment of the gehenna?

The Message
"Snakes! Reptilian sneaks! Do you think you can worm your way out of this? Never have to pay the piper?

Lexham English Bible
For this reason, behold, I am sending to you prophets and wise men and scribes. Some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will flog in your synagogues and will pursue from town to town,

Contextual Overview

13"How terrible it will be for you teachers of religious law and you Pharisees. Hypocrites! For you won't let others enter the Kingdom of Heaven, and you won't go in yourselves. 14 15Yes, how terrible it will be for you teachers of religious law and you Pharisees. For you cross land and sea to make one convert, and then you turn him into twice the son of hell as you yourselves are. 16"Blind guides! How terrible it will be for you! For you say that it means nothing to swear 'by God's Temple' – you can break that oath. But then you say that it is binding to swear 'by the gold in the Temple.' 17Blind fools! Which is greater, the gold, or the Temple that makes the gold sacred? 18And you say that to take an oath 'by the altar' can be broken, but to swear 'by the gifts on the altar' is binding! 19How blind! For which is greater, the gift on the altar, or the altar that makes the gift sacred? 20When you swear 'by the altar,' you are swearing by it and by everything on it. 21And when you swear 'by the Temple,' you are swearing by it and by God, who lives in it. 22And when you swear 'by heaven,' you are swearing by the throne of God and by God, who sits on the throne.

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?
serpents
3:7; 12:34; 21:34,35; Genesis 3:15; Psalms 58:3-5; Isaiah 57:3,4; Luke 3:7; John 8:44; 2 Corinthians 11:3; Revelation 12:9
how
14; Hebrews 2:3; 10:29; 12:25

Gill's Notes on the Bible

Ye servants, ye generation of vipers,.... The latter of these names, John the Baptist calls the Sadducees and Pharisees by, in Matthew 3:7 and Christ, in Matthew 12:34 both express their craft and subtlety, their inward poison, and venomous nature; their fair outside, and specious pretences; their hypocrisy, malice, and wickedness; in which they were like to the old serpent, their father the devil, and to their ancestors, that murdered the prophets; nor could any good thing be expected, from such a viperous generation:

how can ye escape the damnation of hell? signifying, that it was impossible that they should; nor could they surely expect it themselves, who must be conscious to themselves of their wickedness, malice, and deceit. The Persic version reads it, "where can ye escape?" &c. and so Beza says it was read, in one ancient copy of his; and the sense is, whither can ye flee? to whom, or what can you have recourse to, to screen you from the wrath to come? Rocks and mountains, caves and dens, will be of no service. The phrase,

דינה של גיהנם, "the judgment, or damnation of hell", is a phrase often used in the Talmud, and Midrashes of the Jews; and intends future torment, and the everlasting vengeance and wrath of God, the unquenchable fire prepared for the devil and his angels, and which impenitent unbelieving sinners cannot escape,

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Ye serpents - This name is given to them on account of their pretending to be pious, and very much devoted to God, but being secretly evil, At the heart, with all their pretensions, they were filled with evil designs, as the serpent was, Genesis 3:1-5

Generation of vipers - See the notes at Matthew 12:34.

Damnation of hell - This refers, beyond all question, to future punishment. So great was their wickedness and hypocrisy, that, if they persevered in this course, it was impossible to escape the damnation that should come on the guilty. This is the sternest language that Jesus ever used to wicked people. But it by no means authorizes ministers to use such language to sinners now. Christ knew that this was true of them. He had an authority which none now have. It is not the province of ministers to denounce judgment, or to use severe names, least of all to do it on pretence of imitating Christ. He knew the hearts of people. We know them not. He had authority to declare certainly that those whom he addressed would be lost. We have no such authority. He addressed persons; we address characters.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers - What a terrible stroke! - Ye are serpents, and the offspring of serpents. This refers to Matthew 23:31; : they confessed that they were the children of those who murdered the prophets; and they are now going to murder Christ and his followers, to show that they have not degenerated - an accursed seed, of an accursed breed. My old MS. translates this passage oddly - Gee serpentis, fruytis of burrownyngis of eddris that sleen her modris. There seems to be here an allusion to a common opinion, that the young of the adder or viper which are brought forth alive eat their way through the womb of their mothers. Hence that ancient enigma attributed to Lactantius: -

Non possum nasci, si non occidero matrem

Occidi matrem: sed me manet exitus idem

Id mea mors faciet, quod jam mea fecit origo

Cael. Firm. Symposium, N. xv

I never can be born, nor see the day,

Till through my parent's womb I eat my way

Her I have slain; like her must yield my breath;

For that which gave me life, shall cause my death

Every person must see with what propriety this was applied to the Jews, who were about to murder the very person who gave them their being and all their blessings.


Copyright Statement:
New Living Translation
Copyright © 1996 by Tyndale Charitable Trust. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers. All rights reserved. For more information about the NLT, please click here.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 12th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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