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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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A — 1: σποδός
(Strong's #4700 — Noun Masculine — spodos — spod-os' )

"ashes," is found three times, twice in association with sackcloth, Matthew 11:21 ; Luke 10:13 , as tokens of grief (cp. Esther 4:1,3 ; Isaiah 58:5 ; 61:3 ; Jeremiah 6:26 ; Jonah 3:6 ); of the ashes resulting from animal sacrifices, Hebrews 9:13 ; in the OT, metaphorically, of one who describes himself as dust and "ashes," Genesis 18:27 , etc.

B — 1: τεφρόω
(Strong's #5077 — Verb — tephroo — tef-ro'-o )

"to turn to ashes," is found in 2 Peter 2:6 , with reference to the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.

Notes: (1) Tephra, frequently used of the "ashes" of a funeral pile, is not found in the NT.

(2) The Hebrew verb, rendered "accept" in Psalm 20:3 , "accept thy burnt sacrifice," signifies "to turn to ashes" (i.e., by sending fire from heaven). See also Exodus 27:3 ; Numbers 4:13 , "shall take away the ashes."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Ashes'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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Friday, May 29th, 2020
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