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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Exceed, Exceeding, Exceedingly

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A — 1: ὑπερβάλλω
(Strong's #5235 — Verb — huperballo — hoop-er-bal'-lo )

"to throw over or beyond" (huper, "over," ballo, "to throw"), is translated "exceeding" in 2 Corinthians 9:14 ; Ephesians 1:19 ; 2:7 ; "excelleth" (RV, "surpasseth") in 2 Corinthians 3:10 ; "passeth" in Ephesians 3:19 ("surpasseth" might be the meaning here). See EXCEL , SURPASS. Cp. huperbole, under EXCEL, B, No. 1.

A — 2: περισσεύω
(Strong's #4052 — Verb — perisseuo — per-is-syoo'-o )

"to be over and above, over a certain number or measure, to abound, exceed," is translated "exceed" in Matthew 5:20 ; 2 Corinthians 3:9 . See ABUNDANCE , B, No. 1.

B — 1: λίαν
(Strong's #3029 — Adverb — lian — lee'-an )

"very, exceedingly," is translated "exceeding" in Matthew 2:16 (for ver. 10, see No. 2); 4:8; 8:28; Mark 9:3 ; Luke 23:8 . See GREATLY (GREAT), SORE , VERY.

B — 2: σφόδρα
(Strong's #4970 — Adverb — sphodra — sfod'-rah )

properly the neuter plural of sphodros, "excessive, violent" (from a root indicating restlessness), signifies "very, very much, exceedingly," Matthew 2:10 ; 17:6 , "sore;" Matthew 17:23 ; 18:31 , RV, "exceeding," for AV, "very;" Matthew 19:25 ; 26:22 ; 27:54 , RV, "exceedingly" for AV, "greatly;" Mark 16:4 , "very;" Luke 18:23 (ditto); Acts 6:7 , RV, "exceedingly," for AV, "greatly;" Revelation 16:21 . See GREATLY , SORE , VERY.

B — 3: σφοδρῶς
(Strong's #4971 — Adverb — sphodros — sfod-roce' )

"exceedingly" (see No. 2), is used in Acts 27:18 .

B — 4: περισσῶς
(Strong's #4057 — Adverb — perissos — per-is-soce' )

is used in Matthew 27:23 , RV, "exceedingly," for AV, "the more;" Mark 10:26 , RV, "exceedingly," for AV, "out of measure;" in Acts 26:11 , "exceedingly." In Mark 15:14 , the most authentic mss. have this word (RV, "exceedingly") for No. 5 (AV, "the more exceedingly"). See MORE.

B — 5: περισσοτέρως
(Strong's #4056 — Adverb — perissoteros — per-is-sot-er'-oce )

the comparative degree of No. 4, "abundantly, exceedingly" (akin to A, No. 2), Galatians 1:14 , "more exceedingly;" 1 Thessalonians 2:17 , RV, "the more exceedingly," for AV, "the more abundantly;" see ABUNDANCE , D, No. 2.

B — 6: χόρτος
(Strong's #5528 1537 4053 — Noun Masculine — huperekperissou — khor'-tos )

denotes "superabundantly" (huper, "over," ek, "from," perissos, "abundant"); in 1 Thessalonians 3:10 , "exceedingly;" Ephesians 3:20 , "exceeding abundantly." Another form, huperekperissos (huper, and ek and No. 4), is used in 1 Thessalonians 5:13 (in the best mss.), "exceeding highly." Cp. the verb huperperisseuo, "to abound more exceedingly," Romans 5:21 ; in 2 Corinthians 7:4 , "I overflow (with joy)," RV, for AV, "I am exceeding (joyful). See ABUNDANT , D, No. 2.

Notes: (1) In Acts 7:20 , the phrase "exceeding fair" (asteios) is, lit., "fair to God" (see marg.). (2) In Matthew 26:7 , barutimos (barus, "weighty," time "value"), is rendered "exceeding precious," RV, for AV, "very precious." (3) In Mark 4:41 , "they feared exceedingly" is, lit., "they feared a great fear." see FEAR. (4) For other combinations of the adverb, see GLAD , GREAT , JOYFUL, SORROWFUL , SORRY.


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Exceed, Exceeding, Exceedingly'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/e/exceed-exceeding-exceedingly.html. 1940.

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Tuesday, May 26th, 2020
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