the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4052 - περισσεύω
- to exceed a fixed number of measure, to be left over and above a certain number or measure
- to be over, to remain
- to exist or be at hand in abundance
- to be great (abundant)
- a thing which comes in abundance, or overflows unto one, something falls to the lot of one in large measure
- to redound unto, turn out abundantly for, a thing
- to abound, overflow
- to be abundantly furnished with, to have in abundance, abound in (a thing), to be in affluence
- to be pre-eminent, to excel
- to excel more than, exceed
- to make to abound
- to furnish one richly so that he has abundance
- to make abundant or excellent
Att. περισς-ττεύω, impf. ἐπερίσσευον ( περιέσσευον is condemned by Phryn. 20), ( περισσός )
to be over and above the number, μύριοί εἰσιν ἀριθμόν . ., εἷς δὲ π . Hes. Fr. 160; περιττεύσουσιν ἡμῶν οἱ πολέμιοι the enemy will go beyond us, outflank us, X. An. 4.8.11 .
II to be more than enough, remain over, τἀρκοῦντα καὶ περιττεύοντα Id. Smp. 4.35; τὸ π. [ἀργύριον ] Id. Vect. 4.7; ἂν ᾖ τι . . περιττεῦον Pl. Lg. 855b; εἴ τι π. ἀπὸ τῶν τόκων SIG 672.19 (Delph., ii B. C. ); ἡ περιττεύουσα τροφή Arist. HA 619a20; τὸ π. τῶν κλασμάτων Ev.Matthew 14:20; τοσοῦτον τῷ Περικλεῖ ἐπερίσσευσε, κτλ . such abundance of reason had Pericles for his belief, Th. 2.65; τοσόνδ' ἐπερίσσευσεν αὐτοῖς εὐνοίας J. AJ 19.1.18; τὸ ἀνδρεῖον ἐπερίττευεν αὐτῇ D.H. 3.11 .
2. in bad sense, to be superfluous, τὰ περισσεύοντα τῶν λόγων S. El. 1288; ἵν' ἐμοὶ περιττεύῃ, i. e. that I may be over-rich, Diog.Oen. 64 .
III of persons, abound in, χορηγίᾳ, opp. ἐλλείπω, Plb. 18.35.5, etc.; αἱ ἐκκλησίαι ἐπερίσσευον τῷ ἀριθμῷ Acts 16:5 : — Med., c. gen., περισσεύονται ἄρτων have more than enough of . ., Ev.Luke 15:17 .
2. to be superior, π. παρά τινα to be better than . ., LXX Ecclesiastes 3:19; ὑπέρ τινα ib. 1 Maccabees 3:30 (v.l.); be better, have the advantage, Cor. 14.12; π. μᾶλλον abound more and more, sc. in Christian graces, Thess. 4.1, 11: — Med., περισσευόμεθα, opp. ὑστερούμεθα, Cor. 8.8 .
causal, make to abound, πᾶσαν χάριν π . Cor. 9.8; τινὰς τῇ ἀγάπῃ Thess. 3.12: — Pass., to be made to abound, Ev.Matthew 13:12, Ev.Matthew 25:29.
2. of Time, π. τὰς ὥρας make them longer, Ath. 2.42b .
περισσεύω; imperfect ἐπερίσσευον (Acts 16:5); future infinitive περισσεύσειν (Philippians 4:12 Rec.bez); 1 aorist ἐπερίσσευσα; passive, present περισσεύομαι (Luke 15:17, see below); 1 future 3 person singular περισσευθήσεται; (περισσός, which see);
1. intransitive and properly, to exceed a fixed number or measure; to be over and above a certain number or measure: μύριοι εἰσιν ἀριθμόν ... εἷς δέ περισσεύει, Hesiod from 14, 4 (clxix. (187), edition Göttling); hence,
a. to be over, to remain: John 6:12; τό περισσεῦον τῶν κλασμάτων, equivalent to τά περισσευοντα κλάσματα, Matthew 14:20; Matthew 15:37; περισσεύει μοι τί, John 6:13 (Tobit 4:16); τό περισσεῦσαν τίνι, what remained over to one, Luke 9:17.
b. to exist or be at hand in abundance: τίνι, Luke 12:15; τό περισσεῦον τίνι, one's abundance, wealth ((R. V. superfluity); opposed to ὑστέρησις), Mark 12:44; opposed to ὑστέρημα, Luke 21:4: to be great (abundant), 2 Corinthians 1:5b; 2 Corinthians 9:12; Philippians 1:26; περισσεύει τί εἰς τινα, "a thing comes in abundance, or overflows, unto one; something falls to the lot of one in large measure": Romans 5:15; 2 Corinthians 1:5a; περισσεύω εἰς τί, to redound unto, turn out abundantly for, a thing, 2 Corinthians 8:2; ἡ ἀλήθεια τοῦ Θεοῦ ἐν τῷ ἐμῷ ψεύσματι ἐπερίσσευσεν εἰς τήν δόξαν αὐτοῦ, i. e. by my lie it came to pass that God's veracity became the more conspicuous, and becoming thus more thoroughly known increased his glory, Romans 3:7; to be increased, τῷ ἀριθμῷ, Acts 16:5.
c. to abound, overflow, i. e. α. to be abundantly furnished with, to have in abundance, abound in (a thing): absolutely (A. V. to abound), to be in affluence, Philippians 4:18; opposed to ὑστερεῖσθαι; Philippians 4:12; in spiritual gifts, 1 Corinthians 14:12; with a genitive of the thing in which one abounds (Winers Grammar, § 30, 8b.; (cf. Buttmann, § 132, 12)): ἄρτων, Luke 15:17 R G L T Tr marginal reading β. to be pre-eminent, to excel (cf. Buttmann, § 132, 22): absolutely, 1 Corinthians 8:8; followed by ἐν with a dative of the virtues or the actions in which one excels (Buttmann, § 132, 12), 1 Corinthians 15:13; 1 Corinthians 15:58; 2 Corinthians 3:9 (here L T Tr WH omit ἐν);
2. by later Greek usage transitively (cf. Winers Grammar, p. 23; § 38,1), to make to abound, i. e.
a. to furnish one richly so that he has abundance: passive, Matthew 13:12; Matthew 25:29; with the genitive of the thing with which one is furnished, passive, Luke 15:17 WH Tr text; τί εἰς τινα, to make a thing to abound unto one, to confer a thing abundantly upon one, 2 Corinthians 9:8; Ephesians 1:8.
b. to make abundant or excellent: τί, 2 Corinthians 4:15; to cause one to excel: τινα, with a dative of the thing, 1 Thessalonians 3:12. (τάς ὥρας, to extend the hours beyond the prescribed time, Athen. 2, p. 42 b.) (Compare: ὑπερπερισσεύω.)
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(< περισσός ),
[in LXX: 1 Samuel 2:33 (H4768), 1 Samuel 2:36 Ecclesiastes 3:19 (H3498 ni., יוׄתֵר ), Tobit 4:16, Sirach 10:27; Sirach 11:12; Sirach 19:24, Sir 30:38 (Sirach 33:29), 1 Maccabees 3:30*;]
I. Prop., intrans.,
1. of things, to be over and above the number (Hes.), hence,
(a) to be or remain over: Matthew 14:20; Matthew 15:37, Luke 9:17, John 6:12-13;
(b) to abound, be in abundance: Mark 12:44, Luke 12:15; Luke 21:4, Acts 16:5, Romans 3:7; Romans 5:15, 2 Corinthians 1:5; 2 Corinthians 8:2; 2 Corinthians 9:12, Philippians 1:26.
2. Of persons,
(a) to abound in, have in abundance: 1 Corinthians 14:12; 1 Corinthians 15:58, Philippians 4:12; Philippians 4:18; c. gen., Luke 15:17 T;
(b) to be superior or better, to excel: absol., 1 Corinthians 3:9; 1 Corinthians 8:8; c. dat. ref., 2 Corinthians 3:9; seq. ἐν , Romans 15:13, 1 Corinthians 15:58, 2 Corinthians 3:9; 2 Corinthians 8:7, Colossians 2:7; μᾶλλον , 1 Thessalonians 4:1; 1 Thessalonians 4:10; μ καὶ μ ., Philippians 1:9; πλεῖον , Matthew 5:20.
II. In late writers (Lft., Notes, 48 f.), trans.,
(a) to make to abound: c. acc seq. εἰς , 2 Corinthians 4:15; 2 Corinthians 9:8, Ephesians 1:8; pass., Matthew 13:12; Matthew 25:29; c. gen. rei, Luke 15:17, WH;
(b) to make to excel: c. acc pers., dat. rei, 1 Thessalonians 3:12 (cf. ὑπερ -περισσεύω ).†
SYN.: πλεονάζω G4121.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
P Lond 46.25 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 66) ἐν συστροφῇ πρὸς πνευματικ (ὴν) ἀπειλή [ν, ";shortly, for spiritual threatening"; (Ed.). See also Vett. Val. pp. 111 πνευματικῆς ἤτοι αἰσθητικῆς κινήσεως, 231.20 περὶ καταδίκης καὶ πνευματικοῦ κινδύνου, and for πνευματώδης ib. 13.9 ψυχεινοί, πνευματώδεις.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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