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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: κλίβανος
(Strong's #2823 — Noun Masculine — klibanos — klib'-an-os )

is mentioned in Matthew 6:30 ; Luke 12:28 . The form of "oven" commonly in use in the east indicates the kind in use as mentioned in Scripture. A hole is sunk in the ground about 3 feet deep and somewhat less in diameter. The walls are plastered with cement. A fire is kindled inside, the fuel being grass, or dry twigs, which heat the oven rapidly and blacken it with smoke and soot (see Lamentations 5:10 ). When sufficiently heated the surface is wiped, and the dough is molded into broad thin loaves, placed one at a time on the wall of the "oven" to fit its concave inner circle. The baking takes a few seconds. Such ovens are usually outside the house, and often the same "oven" serves for several families (Leviticus 26:26 ). An "oven" of this sort is doubtless referred to in Exodus 8:3 (see Hastings, Bib. Dic.).

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Oven'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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Tuesday, October 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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