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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2823 - κλίβανος
- a clibanus, a earthen vessel for baking bread. It was broader at the bottom than above at the orifice, and when sufficiently heated by a fire kindled within, the dough was baked by being spread upon the outside. [but according to others, the dough was baked by being placed inside and the fire or coals outside, the vessel being perforated with small holes that the heat might better penetrate.
- a furnace, oven
no Definition found
κλίβανος , -ον , ό
(Att.., κρίβ -, but κλ - in Ion., Hdt., ii, 92),
[in LXX for H8574, Genesis 15:17, Hosea 7:4; Hosea 7:6 al.;]
1. in cl., a clibanus, cribanus, an earthen vessel for baking bread.
2. In LXX and NT, a furnace (cf. MM, Exp., xv), an oven: Matthew 6:30, Luke 12:28.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This Ionic form, which is found in Matthew 6:30, Luke 12:28 (and always in the LXX) for the Attic κρίβανος, is supported by P Petr III. 140 (a).3 (Ptol.) ξύλα κλιβάνωι, of a furnace fed with logs of wood, the word κλιβάνωι being inserted above the line, P Grenf I. 21.14 (B.C. 126) εἰς κλιβάνου τόπον, and BGU IV. 1117.10 (B.C. 13) κτήσεως σὺν τοῖς ἐν αὐτῷ κλιβάν [οις δυσί ]ν τε καὶ κλιβανικοῖς σκεύεσσιν. This last document also shows .8, .24 κλιβάνιον, and an adj. κλιβανικός. See also Crönert Mem. Herc. p. 77 n.4. The word is probably of Semitic origin (Lewy Fremdwörter, p. 105 f.).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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