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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


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rḗ - tān ´: Several Hebrew words are thus translated: חזק , ḥāzaḳ , "to hold fast" ( Judges 7:8 ; Judges 19:4 ; Job 2:9 the King James Version (the Revised Version (British and American) "hold fast"); Micah 7:18 ); עצר , ‛ācar , "to shut up" (only in Daniel 10:8 , Daniel 10:16 ; Daniel 11:6 ); תּמך , tāmakh , "to hold" (Proverbs 3:18 ; Proverbs 4:4 ; Proverbs 11:16 the King James Version (the Revised Version (British and American) "obtain")); in one case kālā' (Ecclesiastes 8:8 ). In the New Testament κρατέω , kratéō , is used in John 20:23 of the "retaining" of sins by the apostles (see RETENTION OF SINS ); in Romans 1:28 , the Revised Version (British and American) has "refused to have," margin "Greek, 'did not approve,' " for the King James Version "did not like to retain" (échō ); and in Philippians 1:13 , substitutes "fain have kept" for "retained" (katéchō ). Sirach 41:16 has "retain" for diaphulássō , "keep."

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Retain'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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