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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2902 - κρατέω

Transliteration
kratéō
Phonetics
krat-eh'-o
Origin
from (2904)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:910,466
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to have power, be powerful
    1. to be chief, be master of, to rule
  2. to get possession of
    1. to become master of, to obtain
    2. to take hold of
    3. to take hold of, take, seize
      1. to lay hands on one in order to get him into one's power
  3. to hold
    1. to hold in the hand
    2. to hold fast, i.e. not discard or let go
      1. to keep carefully and faithfully
    3. to continue to hold, to retain
      1. of death continuing to hold one
      2. to hold in check, restrain
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 157 ‑ אַהֵב (aw‑hab', aw‑habe');  270 ‑ אָחַז (aw‑khaz');  280 ‑ אֲחִידָה (akh‑ee‑daw');  553 ‑ אָמֵץ (aw‑mats');  602 ‑ אָנַק (aw‑nak');  935 ‑ בּוֹא (bo);  2388 ‑ חָזַק (khaw‑zak');  3533 ‑ כָּבַשׁ (kaw‑bash');  3803 ‑ כָּתַר (kaw‑thar');  3920 ‑ לָכַד (law‑kad');  4427 ‑ מָלַךְ (maw‑lak');  4911 ‑ מָשַׁל (maw‑shal');  5656 ‑ עֲבוֹדָה (ab‑o‑daw', ab‑o‑daw');  6113 ‑ עָצַר (aw‑tsar');  6965 ‑ קוּם (koom);  8199 ‑ שָׁפַט (shaw‑fat');  8610 ‑ תָּפַשׂ (taw‑fas');  8627 ‑ תְּקַן (tek‑an');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (50)
Matthew
15
Mark
15
Luke
2
John
2
Acts
4
Colossians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
2
Revelation
8
NAS (58)
Matthew
14
Mark
16
Luke
2
John
2
Acts
4
Colossians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
4
Revelation
13
HCS (47)
Matthew
12
Mark
15
Luke
2
John
2
Acts
4
Colossians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
2
Revelation
8
BSB (47)
Matthew
12
Mark
15
Luke
2
John
2
Acts
4
Colossians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
2
Revelation
8
ESV (43)
Matthew
10
Mark
14
Luke
2
John
2
Acts
3
Colossians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
2
Revelation
8
WEB (50)
Matthew
13
Mark
14
Luke
2
John
2
Acts
6
Colossians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
2
Revelation
9
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κρᾰτ-έω,

Aeol. κρετέω, aor. inf. κρέτησαι Sapph. Supp. 9.5: Med., aor. ἐπι-κρατησάμενοι v.l. in Gal. UP 6.13: Pass., fut. κρατήσομαι Aristid. 1.501 J. and, with v.l. κρατηθήσομαι, Th. 4.9:

I

1. to be strong, powerful: hence, I abs., rule, hold sway, Ἤλιδα.., ὅθι κρατέουσιν Ἐπειοί Od. 13.275, 15.298; μέγα κρατέων ἤνασσε with mighty sway.., Il. 16.172; ἅπας δὲ τραχύς, ὅστις ἂν νέον κρατῇ A. Pr. 35; ὁ κρατῶν the ruler, Id. Ag. 951, 1664, S. Ant. 738, etc.; θῶπτε τὸν κρατοῦντ' ἀεί A. Pr. 937; οἱ κρατοῦντες Id. Ch. 267, S. OT 530, etc.; τὸ κρατοῦν E. Andr. 133 (lyr.), Pl. Lg. 714c, Arist. Pol. 1255a15; ἡ κρατοῦσα the lady of the house, A. Ch. 734.

2. in Poets, c. dat., rule among, μέγα κρατέεις νεκύεσσιν Od. 11.485; ἀνδράσι καὶ θεοῖσι 16.265; Φθίᾳ rule in Phthia, Pi. N. 4.50; ἐν Ἰλιάδι χθονί E. El. 4.

3. c. gen., to be lord or master of, rule over, πάντων Ἀργείων, πάντων, Il. 1.79, 288, cf. Od. 15.274; Ὀλύμπου A. Pr. 149 (lyr.); δωμάτων Id. Ag. 1673; ὅπλων S. Aj. 1337; κ. τοῦ βίου to be master of.., And. 1.137; αὑτοῦ κ. S. Aj. 1099, Antipho 5.26, cf. S. OC 405; ἡδονῶν καὶ ἐπιθυμιῶν Pl. Smp. 196c, etc.; τῶν πραγμάτων D. 2.27; τοῦ μὴ πείθεσθαι τοῖς νόμοις κρατῆσαι to be above obedience.., X. Lac. 4.6.

II

1. conquer, prevail, get the upper hand, abs., A. Ag. 324, etc.; πολλῷ ἐκράτησαν Hdt. 5.77; εἰ τὰ τοῦ Μήδου κρατήσειε Th. 3.62; ὁ μὴ πειθόμενος κρατεῖ Pl. Phdr. 272b; ἔνθα τἀναιδὲς κρατεῖ Diph. 111: c. dat. modi, κ. τῇ γνώμῃ prevail in opinion, Hdt. 9.42; πάλᾳ, ἱπποδρομίᾳ, Pi. O. 8.20, I. 3.13; μάχῃ E. HF 612; ταῖς ναυσί Ar. Ach. 648; τῷ Φοινίκων ναυτικῷ Th. 1.16; also θουρίῳ ἐν Ἄρει S. Aj. 614 (lyr.); ἐν τοῖς πολέμοις Ar. Pl. 184: c.acc.cogn., κ. στάδιον B. 6.15, cf. 7; ὀκτὼ νίκας E. Epigr. 1; τὸν ἀγῶνα D. 21.18; τὴν μάχην v.l. for τῇ μάχῃ in D.S. 18.30; τὴν πρεσβείαν Philostr. VS 1.21.6; πάντα in all things, S. OT 1522; οἱ κρατοῦντες the conquerors, X. An. 3.2.26; τὰ κατὰ πόλεμον κρατούμενα τῶν κρατούντων εἶναί φασιν Arist. Pol. 1255a7. to be superior, πλήθους ἕκατι ναυσὶν κρατῆσαι A. Pers. 338: abs., to be the best, Critias 2.7 D. of reports, etc., prevail, become current, φάτις κρατεῖ A. Supp. 293, S. Aj. 978; λόγος κ. A. Pers. 738; νόμιμα δὲ τὰ Χαλκιδικὰ ἐκράτησεν Th. 6.5; κρατεῖ ἡ φήμη παρά τισι Plb. 9.26.11.

2. c. inf., prevail so that, κ. τῷ πλήθει ὥστε μὴ αὐτίκα τὰς πύλας ἀνοίγεσθαι Th. 4.104: impers., κατθανεῖν κρατεῖ 'tis better to.., A. Ag. 1364; κρατεῖ μὴ γιγνώσκοντ' ἀπολέσθαι E. Hipp. 248 (anap.).

3. c.gen., conquer, prevail over, τῶν ἐναντίων S. Fr. 85, cf. OC 646, A. Th. 955 (lyr.), etc.; κ. τινὸς τὸν ἀγῶνα Philostr. Her. 2.5: metaph., τό τοι νομισθὲν τῆς ἀληθείας κρατεῖ S. Fr. 86; κ. τῆς διαβολῆς get the better of it, Lys. 19.53; ὁ λόγος τοῦ ἔργου ἐκράτει surpassed, went beyond it, Th. 1.69; ἡ φύσις.. τῶν διδαγμάτων κρατεῖ is better than.., Men. Mon. 213, cf. 169. of food, digest, assimilate, Hp. VM 3, 14, Mnesith. ap. Ath. 2.54b, Phylotim.ib. 3.79c: Pass., Hp. Epid. 6.5.15; τῆς τροφῆς μὴ κρατηθείσης Plu. 2.654b.

4. c.acc., conquer, master, Pi. N. 10.25, A. Pr. 215, Th. 189, E. Alc. 490, Ar. Nu. 1346, Av. 420, X. An. 7.6.32, etc.; μάχῃ, τῷ πολέμῳ τινά, Th. 6.2, Aeschin. 2.30; τῷ λόγῳ τινά Ar. V. 539; πάχει μάκει τε in.., Pi. P. 4.245; outdo, τοὺς φίλους εὖ ποιῶν X. Hier. 11.15; τῷ διαφθαρῆναι χρήμασιν ἢ μὴ κεκράτηκα Φίλιππον D. 18.247; surpass, κρατεῖ δὲ ὁ τῆς ἡδονῆς [βίος] τὸν τῆς φρονήσεως Pl. Phlb. 12a: Pass., to be overcome, A. Th. 750 (lyr.), etc.; ὕπνῳ Id. Eu. 148 (lyr.); ὑπὸ τοῦ ὕπνου Hdt. 2.121. δ'; ὑπὸ τῶν ἡδονῶν Pl. Lg. 633e.

III

1. become master of, get possession of, τῆς ἀρχῆς, τῶν νεκρῶν, Hdt. 1.92, 4.111; πολλὰ φρονέοντα μηδενὸς κ. Id. 9.16; σέθεν A. Supp. 387; οὔπω ἡ βουλή σου ἐκράτει Lys. 13.26; κ. τῆς γῆς Th. 3.6; ναυσὶ τῆς θαλάσσης Pl. Mx. 240a; κ. τῆς λέξεως have it at command, remember it, Ath. 7.275b; master by the intellect, πάντων τῶν τῆς ἱστορίας μερῶν Plb. 16.20.2: Pass., to be mastered, δεῖ ἐν ταῖς τέχναις καὶ ἐπιστήμαις ταῦτα κρατεῖσθαι Arist. Pol. 1331b38, cf. Po. 1456a10 (prob.for κροτεῖσθαι). lay hold of, τῆς χειρός LXX Genesis 19:16, Matthew 9:25, Mark 9:27.

2. c.acc.rei, seize, win and keep, esp.by force, πᾶσαν αἶαν A. Supp. 255; θρόνους S. OC 1381; seize, hold fast, arrest, τινα Batr. 63, Plb. 8.18.8, Matthew 14:3; τένοντα Batr. 233; τὰς χεῖράς τινος PLips. 40iii2 (iv/v A.D.); secure, grasp, τὴν ἀκατονόμαστον Τριάσα Zos.Alch. p.230 B.

3. hold up, support, τινα D.H. 4.38; maintain a military post, X. An. 5.6.7; hold fast, τὰς παραδόσεις 2 Thessalonians 2:15; keep, retain, PTeb. 61(b).229 (ii B.C.): Pass., οὐκ ἦν δυνατὸν κρατεῖσθαι αὐτὸν ὑπ' αὐτοῦ (sc. τοῦ θανάτου) Acts 2:24; ἡ κτῆσις τοῖς τέκνοις κεκράτηται has been reserved for, settled upon, POxy. 237 viii 36 (ii A.D.).

4. in Law, possess a title to, κ. καὶ κυριεύειν c.gen., PTeb. 319.19 (iii A.D.), etc. sequester, place under embargo, OGI 1669.23 (Pass., Egypt, i A.D.), BGU 742 iii 6 (Pass., ii A.D.).

5. hold in the hand, ὁ κρατῶν τοὺς ἑπτὰ ἀδτέρας ἐν τῇ δεξιᾷ αὐτοῦ Revelation 2:1; πόαν Dsc. 3.93; ἄρτον Plu. 2.99d; σκῆπτρον Ath. 7.289c, cf. Luc. Am. 44, Ach.Tat. 1.6, etc.; δακτύλιον PMag.Lond. 46.451 (iv A.D.).

6. endure, put up with, τὸν ἀργυροπράτην POxy. 1844 (vi A.D.). control, command, A. Ag. 10, E. Hec. 282: Pass., αἰσχρὰ τῷ νόμῳ κρατούμενα controlled by.., Ar. Av. 755; κρατεῖσθαι ὑπὸ τοῦ προβουλεύματος D.H. 9.52; διαθέσει Porph. Sent. 27. repair, make good, τὸ βεδὲκ (Hebr.) τοῦ οἴκου LXX Ev 2 Kings 12:5.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κρατέω , - ,

(< κράτος ),

[in LXX chiefly for H2388 hi., also for H270, etc.;]

1. to be strong, mighty, hence, to rule, be master, prevail (so chiefly in cl.; in LXX: Ezra 1:1, 1 Esdras 4:38, Wisdom of Solomon 14:19, al.).

2. to get possession of, obtain, take hold of (Hdt., Thuc., al.): c. gen. rei (M, Pr., 65), Acts 27:13; τ . χειρός , Matthew 9:25, Mark 1:31; Mark 5:41; Mark 9:27, Luke 8:54; c. acc rei, Matthew 12:11; c. acc pers., Matthew 14:3; Matthew 18:28; Matthew 21:46; Matthew 22:6; Matthew 26:4; Matthew 26:48 ff., Mark 3:21; Mark 6:17; Mark 12:12; Mark 14:1; Mark 14:44 ff, Acts 3:11; Acts 24:6, Revelation 20:2 (cf. 2 Samuel 6:6).

3. to hold, hold fast (Æsch., Polyb., al.): c. acc rei, ἐν τ . δεξιᾷ , Revelation 2:1. Metaph.: c. acc pers., pass., Acts 2:24; c. acc rei, Revelation 2:13; Revelation 2:25; Revelation 3:11; τ . κεφαλήν (i.e. Christ), Colossians 2:19; τ . παράδοσιν (-εις ), λόγον , διδαχήν , Mark 7:3-4; Mark 7:8; Mark 9:10, 2 Thessalonians 2:15, Revelation 2:14-15; c. gen. rei, Hebrews 4:14; Hebrews 6:18; of sins, to retain, John 20:23; of restraint, seq. ἵνα μή , Revelation 7:1; pass., seq. τοῦ μή , Luke 24:16.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For κρατέω in its primary sense of ";become master of,"; ";rule,"; ";conquer,"; we may cite P Oxy I. 33 verso v. 13 (late ii/A.D.) π ̣[ρῶτον μὲν Καῖσαρ ἔ ]σωσε Κλεοπάτρ [αν ] ἐκράτησεν βασι [λείας, ";in the first place Caesar saved Cleopatra’s life when he conquered her kingdom"; (Edd.). The gen. construction, which is here supplied, is comparatively rare in the NT (cf. Proleg. pp. 65, 235), but may be further illustrated by P Par 26.52 (B.C. 163–2) (= Selections, p. 18) ὑμῖν δὲ γίνοιτο κρατεῖν πάσης ἧς ἂν αἱρῆσθε χώρας, and by the magic P Lond 121.689 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 106) ἄρκτε. . . κρατοῦσα [τοῦ ὅ ]λου συστήματος —an invocation to the constellation of the Bear. [See also the interesting parallels to Acts 27:18 in Field Notes, p. 144.] Another magic papyrus ib. 46.451 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 80) κράτει τῇ ἀριστερᾷ σου τὸν δακτύλ (ιον) shows the more common accusative; see also the curious theological fragment P Oxy XI. 1384.25 (v/A.D.) where certain angels are represented as having gone up to heaven to seek a remedy for their eyes—σφόγγον κρατοῦντες, ";holding a sponge,"; cf. Revelation 2:1. For the meaning ";continue to hold,"; ";retain,"; as in Acts 2:34, see P Tebt I. 61 (b).229 (a land survey—B.C. 118–7) γραφήτωι λαβε [ῖν ] ἑνὸ [ς ἐνιαυ ]τοῦ ἐκφόριον, ἐᾶν κ [ρ ]ατεῖν, ";let it be noted that one year’s rent shall be exacted from them, and they shall be allowed to keep the land"; (Edd.) : cf. also P Fay 109.2 (early i/A.D.) ὅταν πρὸς ἀνάνκαιν (l. ἀνάγκην) θέλῃς παρ᾽ ἐμοῦ χρήσασθαί τι, εὐθύς σε οὐ κρατῶι, ";whenever you from necessity want to borrow anything from me, I at once give in to you"; (Edd.). In P Oxy II. 237viii. 34 (A.D. 186) παρατιθέτωσαν δὲ καὶ αἱ γυναῖκες τ ̣α ̣ι ̣ͅς ὑποστάσεσι τῶν ἀνδρῶν ἐ ̣ ̣ ν ̣ κατά τινα ἐπιχώριον νόμον κρατεῖται τὰ ὑπάρχοντα, ";wives shall also insert copies in the property-statements of their husbands, if in accordance with any native Egyptian law they have a claim over their husbands’ property"; (Edd.), κρατεῖσθαι is used as equivalent to κατέχειν in ib. .22 (see further Mitteis in Archiv i. p. 188) : cf. ib. .36 ἡ δὲ κτῆσις μετὰ θάνατον τοῖς τέκνοις κεκράτηται, ";but the right of ownership after their death has been settled upon the children"; (Edd.), and P Amh II. 51.26 (B.C. 88), a contract for the sale of a house—ἧς κρ [α ]τεῖ Τοτοῆς, ";over which Totoes has rights,"; and the similar use of the compound ἐπικρατέω of rights acquired or exercised over the property of others in P Tebt II. 343.14 (ii/A.D.), where see the editors’ note. As further bringing out this strong sense of κρατέω, we may notice that it is joined with κυριεύω in BGU I. 71.16 (A.D. 179), ib. 282.33 (after A.D. 175), and with δεσπόζω in P Tebt II. 383.35 (A.D. 46). At Delos a dedicatory inscr. has been found—Διὶ τῷ πάντων κρατοῦντι καὶ Μητρὶ Μεγάληι τῆι πάντων κρατούσῃ (BCH vi. (1882), p. 502 No. 25) : cf. the use of παντοκράτωρ in the LXX, and see Cumont Relig. Orient. p. 267. In the vi/A.D. P Lond V. 1663.8 the Emperor is described as ἡ κρατοῦσα τυχή.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκραταίωσεν εκράτει εκρατήθη εκράτησα εκρατησαμεν εκρατήσαμεν ἐκρατήσαμεν εκρατησαν εκράτησαν ἐκράτησαν εκράτησας εκρατησατε εκρατήσατέ ἐκρατήσατέ εκράτησε εκρατησεν εκράτησεν ἐκράτησεν εκρατουντο εκρατούντο ἐκρατοῦντο κεκρατηκεναι κεκρατηκέναι κεκρατηνται κεκράτηνται κρατει κρατεί κράτει κρατειν κρατείν κρατεῖν κρατεις κρατείς κρατεῖς κρατεισθαι κρατείσθαι κρατεῖσθαι κρατειτε κρατείτε κρατεῖτε κρατήρ κρατήρα κρατήρες κρατησαι κρατήσαι κρατῆσαι κρατησαντες κρατήσαντες κρατησας κρατήσας κρατησατε κρατήσατε κρατησει κρατήσει κρατήση κράτησον κρατήσουσι κρατήσουσιν κρατήσω κρατησωσιν κρατήσωσιν κρατητε κρατήτε κρατῆτε κρατουμενα κρατουντας κρατούντας κρατοῦντας κρατουντες κρατούντες κρατοῦντες Κρατουντος κρατούντος Κρατοῦντος κρατούντων κρατούσι κρατουσιν κρατούσιν κρατοῦσιν κρατωμεν κρατώμεν κρατῶμεν κρατων κρατών κρατῶν ekratesamen ekratēsamen ekratḗsamen ekratesan ekratēsan ekrátesan ekrátēsan ekratesate ekratēsate ekratḗsaté ekratesen ekratēsen ekrátesen ekrátēsen ekratounto ekratoûnto kekratekenai kekratekénai kekratēkenai kekratēkénai kekratentai kekratēntai kekrátentai kekrátēntai kratei krátei kratein krateîn krateis krateîs krateisthai krateîsthai krateite krateîte kratesai kratêsai kratēsai kratē̂sai kratesantes kratēsantes kratḗsantes kratesas kratēsas kratḗsas kratesate kratēsate kratḗsate kratesei kratēsei kratḗsei kratesosin kratēsōsin kratḗsosin kratḗsōsin kratete kratête kratēte kratē̂te kratomen kratômen kratōmen kratō̂men kraton kratôn kratōn kratō̂n kratountas kratoûntas kratountes kratoûntes Kratountos Kratoûntos kratousin kratoûsin
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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