Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #02891 - טָהֵר
1) to be clean, be pure
1a1) to be clean (physically — of disease)
1a2) to be clean ceremonially
1a3) to purify, be clean morally, made clean
1b1) to cleanse, purify
1b2) to pronounce clean
1b3) to perform the ceremony of cleansing
1c) (Pual) to be cleansed, be pronounced clean
1d1) to purify oneself
1d2) to present oneself for purification
1204) ru (תהר ThR) AC: Contain CO: Wall AB: ?: The pictograph u is a picture of a basket or other container, the r is a picture of a man. Combined these mean "contain man". A wall that contains one for protection or as a jail.
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
טָהֵר fut. יִטֵהַר
(1) to shine, to be bright, like the kindred roots זָהַר, צָהַר. [“Syr. ܛܰܗܪܙܳ noon, Ch. טִיהֲרָא id.”] Hence טֹהַר No. 1, טֳהָר.
(2) to be, or to become clean, or pure
(a) in a physical sense (as opposed to the filth of leprosy), 2 Kings 5:12, 14 2 Kings 5:14.
(b) in a Levitical sense, opp. to טָמֵא Leviticus 11:32, 12:8 13:6, 34 Leviticus 13:34, 58 Leviticus 13:58.
(c) in a moral sense, Job 4:17; Proverbs 20:9. (Arab. طهر to be pure, clean, specially from the catamenia; cogn. ظهر to be manifest, to be conspicuous. Ethiop. አጥሀረ፡ to purify, to wash one’s self in water.)
Piel טִהַר, fut. יְטַהֵר
(1) to purify, to cleanse, [whether physically or Levitically, or spiritually,] as a land from dead bodies, Ezekiel 39:12, 16 Ezekiel 39:16 from the pollution of idols, Ezekiel 37:23 the temple from filth, 2 Chronicles 29:15, 16 2 Chronicles 29:16, 34:8 the sky from clouds, Job 37:21 men from sins, like metal from dross, Malachi 3:3.
(2) to declare some one or something clean
(a) in a Levitical sense, Levit. 13:6, seq.; 14:7 16:19.
(b) in a moral sense, Psalms 51:4.
Pual, to be cleansed [“part. fem.”], Ezekiel 22:24.
Hithpael הִטָּהֵר and הִטַּהֵר to cleanse one’s self, Genesis 35:2; Leviticus 14:4, seq.; Numbers 8:7; Ezra 6:20; Nehemiah 12:30, 13:22.
The derivatives follow, except טָהוֹר.