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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #2891 - טָהֵר
1) to be clean, be pure
1a1) to be clean (physically — of disease)
1a2) to be clean ceremonially
1a3) to purify, be clean morally, made clean
1b1) to cleanse, purify
1b2) to pronounce clean
1b3) to perform the ceremony of cleansing
1c) (Pual) to be cleansed, be pronounced clean
1d1) to purify oneself
1d2) to present oneself for purification
1204) ru (תהר ThR) AC: Contain CO: Wall AB: ?: The pictograph u is a picture of a basket or other container, the r is a picture of a man. Combined these mean "contain man". A wall that contains one for protection or as a jail.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect ׳ט Leviticus 11:32 12t.; 3 feminine singular טָֽהֲרָה Leviticus 12:7; Leviticus 15:28; טָהֵ֑רָה Leviticus 12:8 etc., + 5t. Perfect; Imperfect יִטְהַר Leviticus 15:13; Job 4:17 etc., + 9t. Imperfect; Imperative טְהָ֑ר 2 Kings 5:10,13; —
1 be clean, i.e. (miraculously) freed from leprosy by washing in the Jordan 2 Kings 5:10,12,13,14.
2 be clean ceremonially (only H P), Leviticus 15:13,28 (twice in verse) (P), Leviticus 22:4 (H); by washing with water, the flesh Leviticus 22:7 (H); garments Leviticus 13:6,34,58; Numbers 31:24 (all P); both flesh and garments Leviticus 17:5 (H), Leviticus 14:8,9; Leviticus 15:13; Numbers 19:19 (all P); other articles Leviticus 11:32 (P); passing things through the fire Numbers 31:23 (P); offering sin-offerings Leviticus 12:7,8; Leviticus 14:20 (P); by the ceremony of the two birds Leviticus 14:53 (P); by ashes of red heifer Numbers 19:12 (twice in verse) (P).
3 be clean morally, of people, made clean by ׳י s scattering clean water upon them Ezekiel 36:25; of Jerusalem, specifically made clean from idolatry, under figure of adultery Jeremiah 13:27; also followed by מִן Ezekiel 24:13 (twice in verse) (purification by ׳י); made clean מִכָּלחַֿטּאֹתֵיכֶם Leviticus 16:30 (P; by the sin-offering of the atonement day); also of the individual, be clean מֵחַטָּאוֺת Proverbs 20:9 ("" זכה); become clean by use of hyssop Psalm 51:9 ("" אַלְבִּין); more Generally אִםמֵֿעשֵֹׁהוּ יִטְהַרגָּֿ֑בֶר Job 4:17 shall a man be more pure than his maker? ("" יִצְדָּ֑ק).
Pi`el Perfect טִהַר Leviticus 13:3 4t.; suffix טִהֲרוֺ Leviticus 13:6 5t.; 2 masculine singular טִהַרְתָּ Numbers 8:6,15 etc. + 7t. Perfect; Imperfect; יְטַהֵר 2 Chronicles 34:5 etc. + 4t. Imperfect; Imperative suffix טַהֲרֵנִי Psalm 51:4; Infinitive construct טַהֵר Ezekiel 39:12 5t.; suffix טַהֲרִי Ezekiel 36:33 etc. + 4t. Infinitive; Participle מְטַחֵר Leviticus 14:11; Malachi 3:3; — chiefly P;
1 cleanse, purify:
a. physically, metals from dross Malachi 3:3; land from corpses Ezekiel 39:12,14,16; heavens from clouds Job 37:21; temple from unclean things 2 Chronicles 29:15,16,18; land and city from Asherim and images 2 Chronicles 34:3,5,8; store-chambers of temple from household stuff Nehemiah 13:9; priesthood by exclusion of alien blood Nehemiah 13:30.
b. ceremonially, the altar of incense by the blood of the annual sin-offering Leviticus 16:19 (P); the people, gates, and wall (by some undefined ceremony) Nehemiah 12:30; the altar of the court by the blood of sin-offerings Ezekiel 43:26; of consecration of Levites by מֵי חטאת Numbers 8:6,7 (P), and חטאת Numbers 8:15,21 (P).
c. morally Leviticus 16:30 (P), Ezekiel 37:23; Malachi 3:3; מֵחַטָּאֹת Psalm 51:4; מֵעונ(ותׅ Jeremiah 33:8; Ezekiel 36:33; מִטּמא(ו)ת Ezekiel 24:13; Ezekiel 36:25.
2 pronounce clean, ceremonially Leviticus 13:6; Leviticus 13:13; Leviticus 13:17; Leviticus 13:23; Leviticus 12:28; Leviticus 13:34,37,59; Leviticus 14:7,48 (all P).
3 perform the ceremony of cleansing Leviticus 14:11 (P).
Pu`al Perfect 3 masculine singular טֹהַר 1 Samuel 20:26 (so. read for ᵑ0טהור ᵐ5 We Dr, he is not clean, because he hath not been cleansed); Participle אֶרֶץ לֹאמְטֹהָרָה a land not cleansed Ezekiel 22:24 (but ᵐ5 Hi Ew Co SS read a land not rained upon, see מטר).
Hithpa`el Perfect 3 plural הִטָּֽהֲרוּ Ezra 6:20; הִטֶּהָ֑רוּ (Kö i. 271) 2 Chronicles 30:18; Numbers 8:7; 1 plural הִטַּהַרְנוּ Joshua 22:17; Imperfect יִטָּֽהֲרוּ Nehemiah 12:30; Imperative הִטָּֽהֲרוּ Genesis 35:2; Participle מִטַּהֵר Leviticus 14:7 11t.; plural מִטַּהֲרִים Nehemiah 13:22; Isaiah 66:17; — reflexive:
1 purify oneself:
a. ceremonially, especially in preparation for sacred duties Genesis 35:2 (R), Numbers 8:7; 2 Chronicles 30:18; Ezra 6:20; Nehemiah 13:22; also for heathen mysteries Isaiah 66:17; of purifying priests, people, and wall Nehemiah 12:30 (compare Pi`el 1 b).
b. morally Joshua 22:17 (P).
2 present oneself for purification, only participle הַמִּטַּהֵר the candidate for purification Leviticus 14:4,7,8,11,14,17,18,19,25,28,29,31 (P).
טָהֵר fut. יִטֵהַר
(1) to shine, to be bright, like the kindred roots זָהַר, צָהַר. [“Syr. ܛܰܗܪܙܳ noon, Ch. טִיהֲרָא id.”] Hence טֹהַר No. 1, טֳהָר.
(2) to be, or to become clean, or pure
(a) in a physical sense (as opposed to the filth of leprosy), 2 Kings 5:12, 14 2 Kings 5:14.
(b) in a Levitical sense, opp. to טָמֵא Leviticus 11:32, 12:8 13:6, 34 Leviticus 13:34, 58 Leviticus 13:58.
(c) in a moral sense, Job 4:17; Proverbs 20:9. (Arab. طهر to be pure, clean, specially from the catamenia; cogn. ظهر to be manifest, to be conspicuous. Ethiop. አጥሀረ፡ to purify, to wash one’s self in water.)
Piel טִהַר, fut. יְטַהֵר
(1) to purify, to cleanse, [whether physically or Levitically, or spiritually,] as a land from dead bodies, Ezekiel 39:12, 16 Ezekiel 39:16 from the pollution of idols, Ezekiel 37:23 the temple from filth, 2 Chronicles 29:15, 16 2 Chronicles 29:16, 34:8 the sky from clouds, Job 37:21 men from sins, like metal from dross, Malachi 3:3.
(2) to declare some one or something clean
(a) in a Levitical sense, Levit. 13:6, seq.; 14:7 16:19.
(b) in a moral sense, Psalms 51:4.
Pual, to be cleansed [“part. fem.”], Ezekiel 22:24.
Hithpael הִטָּהֵר and הִטַּהֵר to cleanse one’s self, Genesis 35:2; Leviticus 14:4, seq.; Numbers 8:7; Ezra 6:20; Nehemiah 12:30, 13:22.
The derivatives follow, except טָהוֹר.