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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2511 - καθαρίζω
- to make clean, cleanse
- from physical stains and dirt
- utensils, food
- a leper, to cleanse by curing
- to remove by cleansing
- in a moral sense
- to free from defilement of sin and from faults
- to purify from wickedness
- to free from guilt of sin, to purify
- to consecrate by cleansing or purifying
- to consecrate, dedicate
- from physical stains and dirt
- to pronounce clean in a levitical sense
fut. -ιῶ Hebrews 9:14 : —
I cleanse, θυσιαστήριον LXX Exodus 29:36, cf. Matthew 23:25, Acts 10:15; sift grain, PStrassb. 2.11 (iii A.D.); prune away, περισσὰ βλαστήματα PLond. 1.131r192 (i A.D.); clear ground of weeds, etc., PLips. 111.12 (iv A.D.); keep a precinct clear, ἀπό τινων IG 5(1).1390.37 (Andania, i B.C.): — in Med., fut. -ιοῦμαι, of the menses, Hp. Superf. 43.
II of persons, purify, ἀπὸ ἁμαρτίας LXX Si. 38.10; ἀπὸ παντὸς μολυσμοῦ 2 Corinthians 7:1; τὴν συνείδησιν ἀπὸ νεκρῶν ἔργων Hebrews 9:14; cleanse from leprosy, Matthew 8:2 (and in Pass., of the disease, ib. 3): — Pass., -ιζέστω ἀπὸ γυναικός κτλ. IG 22.1366.4, cf. 1365.
(Hellenistic-FlJ, Inscr.-for Attic καθαίρω , q.v., on the vulgar -ερ -, Matthew 8:3, Mark 1:42, v. Bl., § 6, 1; Thackeray, Gr., 74),
[in LXX chiefly for H2891;]
to cleanse, make clean.
1. In physical sense: c. acc rei, fig., Matthew 23:25-26, Luke 11:39; of disease (leprosy), c. acc pers., Matthew 8:2-3; Matthew 10:8; Matthew 11:5, Mark 1:40-42 Luke 4:27; Luke 5:12-13; Luke 7:22; Luke 17:14; Luke 17:17; ἡ λέπρα ἐκαθερίσθη (on the spelling v. supr.), Matthew 8:3.
2. In ethical sense: τ . καρδίας , Acts 15:9 (cf. Sirach 38:10); τ . χεῖρας , James 4:8; λαὸν ἑαυτῷ , Titus 2:14; τ . ἐκκλησίαν , Ephesians 5:26; c. acc pers. (rei), seq. ἀπό (131., § 36, 9; Deiss., BS, 216 f.), 2 Corinthians 7:1, Hebrews 9:14, 1 John 1:7; 1 John 1:9.
3. In ceremonial sense: Mark 7:19, Acts 10:15; Acts 11:9, Hebrews 9:22-23; Hebrews 10:2 (cf. δια -καθαρίζω ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The ceremonial usage of this Hellenistic verb is illustrated by Deissmann BS p. 216 f., where reference is made to the Mystery inscription of Andania, Syll 653.87 (B.C. 93 or 91) ἀναγραψάντω δὲ καὶ ἀφ᾽ ὧν δεῖ καθαρίζειν καὶ ἃ μὴ δεῖ ἔχοντας εἰσπορεύεσθαι, and to ib. 633.3 (ii/A.D.) already cited s.v. ἀκάθαρτος sub fin., both of which show the construction with ἀπό as e.g. in 2 Corinthians 7:1, Hebrews 9:14. The word is used in connexion with plants in P Lond 131 recto.192 (accounts—A.D. 78–9) (= I. p. 175) καθαρίζ (ων) [τῶν ] νεοφύτ (ων) τοῦ χω (ρίου) τὰ περισσ (ὰ) βλαστήματα, and ib. 131 *.83 (A.D. 78) (= I. p. 191) : see also P Strass I. 2.11 (A.D. 217) τοῦ σοῦ καθαρίζοντος καὶ μετροῦντος with reference to the ";cleansing"; of wheat, and P Lips I. 111.12 (iv/A.D.) καθαρίσομεν τὸ γεώργι [ο ]ν. In the iv/v A.D. BGU IV. 1024iv. 16 we have νὴ γὰρ Δία, ἦν τὰ κοσμήματα τὰ τῶν νόμων, ἦν ὑπὸ τῆς πόλ [ε ]ως ἦν δεδομένα τῶι νεκρῷ, ἦν κεκ [αθα ]ρισμένα. On the forms of the verb see Reinhold, p. 38 f., Moulton Gr. ii. §§ 33, 95.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Sixth Week after Easter