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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #48 - ἁγνίζω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G53)
Parts of Speech
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  1. ceremonially
    1. to make pure, purify, cleanse
  2. morally
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2398 ‑ חָטָא (khaw‑taw');  2891 ‑ טָהֵר (taw‑hare');  5144 ‑ נָזַר (naw‑zar');  6942 ‑ קָדַשׁ (kaw‑dash');  6944 ‑ קֹדֶשׁ (ko'‑desh);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (7)
John 1
Acts 3
James 1
1 Peter 1
1 John 1
NAS (7)
John 1
Acts 3
James 1
1 Peter 1
1 John 1
CSB (7)
John 1
Acts 3
James 1
1 Peter 1
1 John 1
BSB (7)
John 1
Acts 3
James 1
1 Peter 1
1 John 1
ESV (7)
John 1
Acts 3
James 1
1 Peter 1
1 John 1
WEB (7)
John 1
Acts 3
James 1
1 Peter 1
1 John 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἁγνίζω, fut. ῐῶ (ἀφ-) LXX Numbers 8:6 : pf. ἥγνικα 1 Peter 1:22 : (ἁγνός):

1. wash off, cleanse away, esp. by water (τὸ πῦρ καθαίρει.. τὸ ὕδωρ ἁγνίζει Plu. 2.263e), λύμαθ' ἁγνίσας ἐμά S. Aj. 655; τινὰ πηγαῖς E. IT 1039.

2. cleanse, purify, χέρας σὰς ἁγνίσας μιάσματος E. HF 1324, cf. Diph. 126.1, LXX Exodus 19:10 : Med., purify oneself, i[*]. John 3:5, Plu. 2.1105b: Pass., ἁγνίσθητι Acts 21:24; ἀπὸ οἴνου LXX Numbers 6:3 (Pass.).

3. esp. ἁ. τὸν θανόντα purify the dead by fire, S. Ant. 545: Pass., σώμαθ' ἡγνίσθη πυρί E. Supp. 1211.

4. sacrifice, E. Fr. 314, IT 705 (Pass.).

5. hallow, consecrate, Aristonous 1.17 (Pass.).

6. burn up, consume, S. Fr. 116; ἐπαστράψας αἰθὴρ ἥγνισε.. ἱστορίαν AP 7.49 (Bianor).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἁγνίζω; 1 aorist ἥγνισα; perfect participle active ἠγνικώς; passive ἡγνισμένος; 1 aorist passive ἡγνίσθην (Winer's Grammar, 252 (237)); (ἁγνός); to purify;

1. ceremonially: ἐμαυτόν, John 11:55 (to cleanse themselves from levitical pollution by means of prayers, abstinence, washings, sacrifices); the passive has a reflexive force, to take upon oneself a purification, Acts 21:24, 26; Acts 24:18 (הזּיר, Numbers 6:3), and is used of Nazarites or those who had taken upon themselves a temporary or a life-long vow to abstain from wine and all kinds of intoxicating drink, from every defilement and from shaving the head (cf. BB. DD. under the word ).

2. morally: τάς καρδίας, James 4:8; τάς ψυχάς, 1 Peter 1:22; ἑαυτόν, 1 John 3:3. (Sophocles, Euripides, Plutarch, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(<ἁγνός ),

[in LXX always ceremonially, chiefly for H6942;]

to purify, cleanse from defilement;

(a) ceremonially: John 11:55, Acts 21:24; Acts 21:26; Acts 24:18;

(b) morally: James 4:8, 1 Peter 1:22, 1 John 3:3.†

SYN.: καθαρίζω G2511, q.v. (and see ἁγνός G53).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The verb occurs in the Leyden Papyrus magica (ed. Dieterich) VI. 36 ποιήσας βόθρον ἐπὶ ἡγνισμένῳ τόπῳ. For the subst. see Syll 879.18 f. (end of iii/B.C.) τὸν δὲ γυναικονόμον τὸν ὑπὸ τοῦ δήμου αἱρούμενον τοῖς ἁγνισμοῖς κτλ. Cf. Anz Subsidia, p. 283.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγνιζει αγνίζει ἁγνίζει αγνιζόμενοι αγνίσαι αγνίσασθε αγνισατε αγνίσατε ἁγνίσατε αγνισθεις αγνισθείς ἁγνισθεὶς αγνισθήναι αγνισθήσεται αγνίσθητε αγνισθητι αγνίσθητι ἁγνίσθητι άγνισμά άγνισον αγνισωσιν αγνίσωσιν ἁγνίσωσιν ηγνικοτες ηγνικότες ἡγνικότες ηγνίσαμεν ηγνίσαντο ηγνίσθη ηγνίσθησαν ηγνισμένα ηγνισμενον ηγνισμένον ἡγνισμένον agnisate agnisosin agnisōsin agnistheis agnistheti agnisthēti agnizei egnikotes ēgnikotes egnismenon ēgnismenon hagnisate hagnísate hagnisosin hagnisōsin hagnísosin hagnísōsin hagnistheis hagnistheìs hagnistheti hagnisthēti hagnístheti hagnísthēti hagnizei hagnízei hegnikotes hegnikótes hēgnikotes hēgnikótes hegnismenon hegnisménon hēgnismenon hēgnisménon
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