Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #04886 - מָשַׁח

Transliteration
mâshach
Phonetics
maw-shakh'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1255
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to smear, anoint, spread a liquid

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to smear

1a2) to anoint (as consecration)

1a3) to anoint, consecrate

1b) (Niphal) to be anointed

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 218 ‑ ἀλείφω (al‑i'‑fo);  2090 ‑ ἑτοιμάζω (het‑oy‑mad'‑zo);  2525 ‑ καθίστημι (kath‑is'‑tay‑mee);  5548 ‑ χρίω (khree'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (69)
Genesis
1
Exodus
12
Leviticus
8
Numbers
8
Judges
2
1 Samuel
7
2 Samuel
7
1 Kings
7
2 Kings
5
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
2
Psalms
2
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
1
Daniel
1
Amos
1
NAS (69)
Genesis
1
Exodus
13
Leviticus
8
Numbers
8
Judges
2
1 Samuel
7
2 Samuel
7
1 Kings
7
2 Kings
5
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
2
Psalms
2
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
1
Daniel
1
Amos
1
HCS (70)
Genesis
1
Exodus
13
Leviticus
8
Numbers
8
Judges
2
1 Samuel
7
2 Samuel
8
1 Kings
6
2 Kings
5
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
2
Psalms
2
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
1
Daniel
1
Amos
1
BSB (69)
Genesis
1
Exodus
12
Leviticus
8
Numbers
8
Judges
2
1 Samuel
7
2 Samuel
7
1 Kings
7
2 Kings
5
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
2
Psalms
2
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
1
Daniel
1
Amos
1
ESV (56)
Genesis
1
Leviticus
8
Numbers
8
Judges
2
1 Samuel
7
2 Samuel
7
1 Kings
7
2 Kings
5
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
2
Psalms
2
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
1
Daniel
1
WEB (69)
Genesis
1
Exodus
12
Leviticus
8
Numbers
8
Judges
2
1 Samuel
7
2 Samuel
7
1 Kings
7
2 Kings
5
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
2
Psalms
2
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
1
Daniel
1
Amos
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2357) hsm (מסההה MShHh) AC: Smear CO: Ointment AB: ?: Ointments were made from oils and smeared on injuries for healing. Oil was also smeared on the heads of individuals who are being given the office of a prophet, priest or king as a sign of authority. [from: hm- as a drawing out]

V) hsm (מסההה MShHh) - Sm (vf: Paal, Niphal) |kjv: anoint, paint - Strongs: H4886 (מָשַׁח)

Nm ) hsm (מסההה MShHh) - Oil: What is smeared. [Aramaic only] KJV (2): oil - Strongs: H4887 (מְשַׁח)

Nf1) ehsm (מסהההה MShHhH) - Ointment: The oil that is smeared. KJV (26): anointing, anointed, ointment - Strongs: H4888 (מָשְׁחָה)

bm) hism (מסהיהה MShYHh) - Smeared: One who is smeared with oil as a sign of authority (prophet, priest or king) KJV (39): anointed, messiah - Strongs: H4899 (מָשִׁיחַ)

hm) hsmm (ממסההה MMShHh) - Smeared: One who is smeared with oil. KJV (1): anointed - Strongs: H4473 (מִמְשַׁח)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מָשַׁח fut. יִמְשַׁח inf. מְשֹׁחַ, once מָשְׁחָה Exodus 29:29 properly, to stroke, to draw the hand over any thing, mit der Hand ftreichen. (Arab. مَسَحَ id. Kindred are מָשַׁשׁ and מָחָה No. I, which see.) Hence

(1) to spread over with any thing, specially to lay colours on any thing (followed by בְּ of the colour), Jeremiah 22:14 especially to anoint with oil (Arabic مسح id.), e.g. cakes, Exodus 29:2 Levit. 2:4 7:12 a shield (by doing which, the leather becomes more tenacious, and less pervious to weapons), Isaiah 21:5; 2 Samuel 1:21 [adj.], etc. Especially to anoint any one as a sacred rite in his inauguration and consecration to an office, as a priest, Exodus 28:41, 40:15 a prophet, 1 Kings 19:16; Isaiah 61:1 a king, 1 Samuel 10:1, 15:1 2 Samuel 2:4; 1 Kings 1:34 also a stone or pillar, which should be, at some future time, a sacred place, Genesis 31:13 also vessels consecrated to God, Exodus 40:9, 11 Exodus 40:11; Leviticus 8:11; Numbers 7:1. Fully expressed, מָשָׁח פּ׳ לְמֶלֶךְ to anoint, i.e. to consecrate any one king, 1 Kings 19:15; 2 Kings 9:3 and concisely 2 Samuel 19:11, “Absalom אֲשֶׁר מָשַׁחְנוּ עָלֵינוּ whom we anointed, (i.e. made king) over us.” Isaiah 61:1, “because Jehovah hovah hath anointed me, (i.e. consecrated, appointed), לְבַשֵּׂר to preach”. The thing (oil or ointment) with which the anointing is performed, is put with בְּ prefixed, Exodus 29:2; Psalms 89:21 and in the acc., Psalms 45:8; Amos 6:6.

(2) [“to spread out, to expand, hence”], to measure, Syr. ܡܫܰܚ, Arab. مسح Hence מִשְׁחָה, מָשְׁחָה and מִמְשַׁח.

Niphal, pass. of Kal No. 1, to be anointed, i.e. consecrated by anointing, Leviticus 6:13; Numbers 7:10, 84, 88 1 Chronicles 14:8.

Derivatives, מָשִׁיחַ, מִמְשַׁה, and the words which immediately follow.

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List of Word Forms
הִמָּשַׁ֣ח הִמָּשַׁ֥ח הַמְּשֻׁחִ֑ים המשח המשחים וְלִמְשֹׁ֖חַ וַיִּמְשְׁח֣וּ וַיִּמְשְׁח֥וּ וַיִּמְשְׁח֧וּ וַיִּמְשְׁח֨וּ וַיִּמְשְׁחוּ־ וַיִּמְשַׁ֖ח וַיִּמְשַׁ֣ח וַיִּמְשַׁ֥ח וַיִּמְשַׁ֨ח וַיִּמְשָׁחֲךָ֧ וַיִּמְשָׁחֵ֖ם וַיִּמְשָׁחֻ֑הוּ וַיִּמְשָׁחֻ֙הוּ֙ וּמְשַׁחְתּ֤וֹ וּמָֽשַׁחְתָּ֥ וּמָשַׁ֣ח וּמָשַׁחְתָּ֖ וּמָשַׁחְתָּ֛ וּמָשַׁחְתָּ֣ וּמָשַׁחְתָּ֥ וּמָשַׁחְתָּ֧ וּמָשַׁחְתָּ֨ וּמָשׁ֖וֹחַ וּמָשׁ֣וּחַ וימשח וימשחהו וימשחו וימשחו־ וימשחך וימשחם ולמשח ומשוח ומשח ומשחת ומשחתו יִמְשַׁ֣ח יִמְשָׁ֑חוּ ימשח ימשחו לִמְשָׁחֳךָ֣ לִמְשֹׁ֥חַ למשח למשחך מְשַׁחְתִּ֤יךָֽ מְשַׁחְתִּ֥יךָֽ מְשַׁחְתִּ֧יךָֽ מְשַׁחְתִּֽיו׃ מְשָׁח֣וֹ מְשָׁחֲךָ֡ מְשָׁחֲךָ֧ מְשָׁחֵ֖הוּ מְשֻׁחִ֣ים מְשֻׁחִ֥ים מִשְׁח֥וּ מָשְׁח֣וֹ מָשְׁח֥וּ מָשְׁח֧וּ מָשְׁח֨וּ מָשַׁ֙חְתָּ֙ מָשַׁ֣חְנוּ מָשַׁ֤חְתָּ מָשַׁ֥ח מָשַׁח֩ מֹשְׁחִ֨ים משח משחהו משחו משחים משחך משחנו משחת משחתיו׃ משחתיך נִמְשַׁ֨ח נמשח תִּמְשַׁ֥ח תִּמְשָׁ֑ח תמשח ham·mə·šu·ḥîm hammeshuChim hamməšuḥîm him·mā·šaḥ himmāšaḥ himmaShach lim·šā·ḥo·ḵā lim·šō·aḥ limšāḥoḵā limShoach limshochoCha limšōaḥ mā·šaḥ mā·šaḥ·nū mā·šaḥ·tā mā·šə·ḥōw mā·šə·ḥū māšaḥ māšaḥnū māšaḥtā māšəḥōw māšəḥū maShach maShachnu maShachta masheCho masheChu mə·šā·ḥă·ḵā mə·šā·ḥê·hū mə·šā·ḥōw mə·šaḥ·tî·ḵā mə·šaḥ·tîw mə·šu·ḥîm məšāḥăḵā məšāḥêhū məšāḥōw məšaḥtîḵā məšaḥtîw meshachaCha meshaChehu meshaCho meshachTicha meshachTiv meshuChim məšuḥîm miš·ḥū mishChu mišḥū mō·šə·ḥîm mōšəḥîm mosheChim nim·šaḥ nimšaḥ nimShach tim·šaḥ tim·šāḥ timšaḥ timšāḥ timShach ū·mā·šaḥ ū·mā·šaḥ·tā ū·mā·šō·w·aḥ ū·mā·šū·aḥ ū·mə·šaḥ·tōw ūmāšaḥ ūmāšaḥtā umaShach umashachTa umaShoach umaShuach ūmāšōwaḥ ūmāšūaḥ ūməšaḥtōw umeshachTo vaiyimShach vaiyimshachaCha vaiyimshaChem vaiyimshaChuhu vaiyimshechu velimShoach way·yim·šā·ḥă·ḵā way·yim·šā·ḥêm way·yim·šā·ḥu·hū way·yim·šaḥ way·yim·šə·ḥū way·yim·šə·ḥū- wayyimšaḥ wayyimšāḥăḵā wayyimšāḥêm wayyimšāḥuhū wayyimšəḥū wayyimšəḥū- wə·lim·šō·aḥ wəlimšōaḥ yim·šā·ḥū yim·šaḥ yimšaḥ yimšāḥū yimShach yimShachu
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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מְשַׁח