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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5548 - χρίω

Root Word (Etymology)
probably akin to (G5530) through the idea of contact
Parts of Speech
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  1. to anoint
    1. consecrating Jesus to the Messianic office, and furnishing him with the necessary powers for its administration
    2. enduing Christians with the gifts of the Holy Spirit
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3251 ‑ יָסַךְ (yaw‑sak');  4886 ‑ מָשַׁח (maw‑shakh');  5480 ‑ סוּךְ (sook);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Luke 1
Acts 2
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
NAS (5)
Luke 1
Acts 2
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
HCS (5)
Luke 1
Acts 2
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
BSB (5)
Luke 1
Acts 2
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
ESV (3)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
WEB (5)
Luke 1
Acts 2
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

χρίω, impf. χρῖον Od. 4.252, also χρίεσκε A.R. 4.871: fut. χρίσω E. Med. 789: aor. ἔχρῑσα Od. 10.364, etc., χρῖσα Il. 16.680, Od. 4.49: pf. κέχρῑκα LXX 1 Kings 10:1, al.: Med., fut. χρίσομαι Od. 6.220: aor. part. χρῑσάμενος ib. 96, Hes. Op. 523, etc.: Pass., fut. χρισθήσομαι LXX Exodus 30:32 : aor. ἐχρίσθην A. Pr. 675, Achae. 10: pf. κέχρῑμαι Hdt. 4.189, 195, Magnes 3, etc., later κέχρισμαι LXX 2 Kings 5:17 : plpf. ἐκέχριστο f. l. in X. Cyr. 7.1.2; 3 pl. ἐκέχριντο Callix. 2. [Even in pres. and impf. ι is long, Od. 21.179 (ἐπι-χρῑοντες), Il. 23.186, S. Tr. 675, etc.; χρῐει only in late Poets, as AP 6.275 (Noss.): in fut. and all other tenses without exception, whence the proper accent. is χρῖσαι, κεχρῖσθαι, χρῖσμα, etc.:

touch the surface of a body slightly, esp. of the human body, graze, hence, I rub, anoint with scented unguents or oil, as was done after bathing, freq. in Hom., λόεον καὶ χρῖον ἐλαίῳ Od. 4.252; ἔχρισεν λίπ' ἐλαίῳ 3.466; λοέσσαι τε χρῖσαί τε 19.320; of a dead body, χρῖεν ἐλαίῳ Il. 23.186; anoint a suppliant, Berl.Sitzb. 1927.170 (Cyrene); πέπλον χ. rub or infect with poison, S. Tr. 675, cf. 689, 832 (lyr.): metaph., ἱμέρῳ χρίσασ' οἰστόν E. Med. 634 (lyr.); οὐ μέλανι, ἀλλὰ θανάτῳ χ. τὸν κάλαμον Plu. 2.841e: Med., anoint oneself, Od. 6.96; κάλλεϊ ἀμβροσίῳ οἵῳ.. Κυθέρεια χρίεται 18.194, cf. Hes. Op. 523; ἐλαίῳ Gal. 6.417; ἐκ φαρμάκου Luc. Asin. 13: c. acc. rei, ἰοὺς χρίεσθαι anoint (i. e. poison) one's arrows, Od. 1.262: Pass., χρίεσθαι ὑπὸ τοῦ ἡλίου Hdt. 3.124; βακκάριδι κεχριμένος Magnes l. c.; συκαμίνῳ τὰς γνάθους κεχριμέναι Eub. 98.3: metaph., Σοφοκλέους τοῦ μέλιτι κεχριμένου Ar. Fr. 581.

2. in LXX, anoint in token of consecration, χ. τινὰ εἰς βασιλέα 2 Kings 9:3; εἰς ἄρχοντα 1 Samuel 10:1; εἰς προφήτην 1 Kings 19:16; also χ. τινὰ τοῦ βασιλεύειν Judges 9:15 : c. dupl. acc., χ. τινὰ ἔλαιον Hebrews 1:9.

II wash with colour, coat, αἰγέαι κεχριμέναι ἐρευθεδάνῳ Hdt. 4.189; πίσσῃ ib. 195, cf. Inscr.Délos 442 A 188 (ii B. C.); ἀσφάλτῳ X. Cyr. 7.5.22 (Pass.); στοάν Supp.Epigr. 4.268 (Panamara, ii A. D.): Med., τὸ σῶμα μίλτῳ χρίονται smear their bodies, Hdt. 4.191.

III wound on the surface, puncture, prick, sting, of the gadfly in A. Pr. 566, 597, 880 (all lyr.): Pass., ὀξυστόμῳ μύωπι χρισθεῖσ' ib. 675.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

χρίω: 1 aorist ἀχρισα; (akin to χείρ ((?), see Curtius, § 201), χραίνω; properly, 'to touch with the hand', 'to besmear'); from Homer down; the Sept. for מָשַׁח; to anoint (on the persons who received anointing among the Hebrews, see χρῖσμα); in the N. T. only tropically, of God a. consecrating Jesus to the Messianic office, and furnishing him with powers necessary for its administration (see χρῖσμα): Luke 4:18 (after Isaiah 61:1); contrary to common usage with an accusative of the thing, ἔλαιον, (like verbs of clothing, putting on, etc. (cf. Winers Grammar, § 32, 4 a.; Buttmann, § 131, 6)), Hebrews 1:9 (from Psalm 44:8 (); in Theophilus ad Autol. 1, 12 we find χρίεσθαι ἔλαιον Θεοῦ and χρίεσθαι φωτί καί πνεύματι almost in the same sentence); πνεύματι ἁγίῳ καί δυνάμει, Acts 10:38; also χρίειν used absolutely, Acts 4:27.

b. enduing Christians with the gifts of the Holy Spirit (cf. Westcott on 1 John 2:20): 2 Corinthians 1:21. (Compare: ἐγχρίω, ἐπιχρίω. Synonym: see ἀλείφω, at the end)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

χρίω ,

to anoint (Hom., al.);

[in LXX chiefly for H4886 of consecration to a sacred office: priest, Exodus 28:41; prophet, 1 Kings 19:16; king, 1 Samuel 10:1; of things, Exodus 40:9, Leviticus 8:10, al.].

In NT, metaph., of God's anointing,

(a) Christ: Acts 4:27; c. inf., Luke 4:18 (LXX); c. dupl. acc (v. B1., § 34, 4), Hebrews 1:9 (LXX); πνεύματι ἁγίῳ , Acts 10:38;

(b) Christians: 2 Corinthians 1:21 (cf. Westc., Epp. Jo., 73) (cf. ἐν -, ἐπι -Χριω ).†

SYN: see ἀλείφω G218.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
έχρισα έχρισά εχρίσαμεν έχρισαν εχρισας έχρισας ἔχρισας έχρισε έχρισέ εχρισεν έχρισεν ἔχρισεν ἔχρισέν εχρίσθη κέχρικά κέχρικέ κεχρισμένα κεχρισμένος κέχρισται χρίειν χρίετέ χριόμενοι χρίουσι χρίσαι χρίσαί χρισας χρίσας χρισάτω χρισείς χρίσεις χρίση χρισθήναι χρίσον χρίσονται χρίσωσιν χροάν chrisas chrísas echrisas échrisas echrisen échrisen échrisén
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