the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
Click here to join the effort!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #4886 - מָשַׁח
1) to smear, anoint, spread a liquid
1a1) to smear
1a2) to anoint (as consecration)
1a3) to anoint, consecrate
1b) (Niphal) to be anointed
2357) hsm (מסההה MShHh) AC: Smear CO: Ointment AB: ?: Ointments were made from oils and smeared on injuries for healing. Oil was also smeared on the heads of individuals who are being given the office of a prophet, priest or king as a sign of authority. [from: hm- as a drawing out]
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳מ Numbers 3:25 2t.; suffix מְשָֽׁחֲךָ Psalm 45:8; 1 Samuel 10:1; מְשָׁחוֺ 2 Chronicles 22:7; 2 masculine singular מָשַׁחְתָּ Genesis 31:13 12t., + 9t. Perfect; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִמְשַׁח Leviticus 16:32 6t.; 3 masculine plural יִמְשָׁ֑חוּ Amos 6:6, + 13t. Imperfect; Imperative suffix מְשָׁחֵהוּ 1 Samuel 16:12; plural מִשְׁחוּ Isaiah 21:5; Infinitive absolute מָשׁוֺחַ Jeremiah 22:14; construct מְשֹׁחַ Judges 9:8; Daniel 9:24 + Hosea 8:3 ᵐ5 We GASm Now; מָשְׁחָה Exodus 29:29; suffix מְשׁחֳךָ 1 Samuel 15:1 (Baer); מָשְׁחוֺ Leviticus 7:36; מָשְׁחָתָם Exodus 40:15; Participle plural משְׁחִים Judges 9:15; passive מָשׁוּחַ 2 Samuel 3:39 (We suggests derivation from שׁח, defective משׁח (מֻשַׁח), wrongly read as מָשֻׁחַ; or by transposition משׁוח may have been mistaken for an unexampled מוּשַׁח Hoph`al Participle of שׁוח); מָשִׁיחַ 2 Samuel 1:21 (but read מָשֻׁח (or נמשׁח) Manuscripts We Dr Kit Bu HPS); plural מְשֻׁחִים Exodus 29:2 4 t; —
1 smear, house with colour (paint) Jeremiah 22:14; shield with oil (anoint) Isaiah 21:5; 2 Samuel 1:21 (compare Dr; Gr כְּלִי מָשׁוּחַ weapon anointed; Peters JBL 893,56 כְּלֵי מָשׁוּחַ weapons of one (the king) anointed); the person, with ointments Amos 6:6; unleavened cakes, with oil Exodus 29:2; Leviticus 2:4; Numbers 6:15 (P).
2 anoint, as consecration, solemn setting apart to an office, always by the use of oil poured on the head: לנביא as a prophet 1 Kings 19:16 (Elisha by Elijah) Isaiah 61:1; elsewhere of king, with accusative, מֶלֶךְ Judges 9:8 (E), so Hosea 8:3 reading מִמְּשֹׁחַ מֶלֶךְ (for ᵑ0׳מִמַּשָּׂא מ) We GASm Now; also Hosea 7:3 reading יִמְשְׁחוּ (for ᵑ0יְשַׂמְּחוּ) We Now; elsewhere accusative of person 1 Samuel 16:3,12,13; 1 Kings 1:39; 2 Kings 11:12; 2 Kings 23:30; 2 Chronicles 22:7; 23:11; בְּשֶׁמֶן קָדְשִׁי Psalm 89:21 with my holy oil; שׁמן שָׂשׂוֺן Psalm 45:8 (figurative); with על, 2 Samuel 19:11 whom we have anointed over us; לְמֶלֶךְ 1 Kings 1:45; 1 Kings 5:15; with עַל, לְמֶלֶךְ Judges 9:15; 2 Samuel 2:4,7; 1 Kings 19:15; על ישׂראל over Israel 1 Samuel 15:1,17; 2 Samuel 5:3 = 1 Chronicles 11:3; 2 Samuel 5:17; 2 Samuel 12:7; 1 Kings 1:34; 1 Kings 19:16; אֶליֿשׂראל 2 Kings 9:3,6,12 (Ehpraimitic source); לנגיד 1 Chronicles 29:22; על 1 Samuel 9:16; 1 Samuel 10:1; מָשׁוּחַ מֶלֶךְ 2 Samuel 3:39 (? see above)
3 anoint, consecrate to religious service:
a. Aaronic priests, only P, with accusative of person Exodus 28:41; Exodus 29:7; Exodus 30:30; Exodus 40:13,15 (3t. in verse); Leviticus 7:36; Leviticus 8:12; Leviticus 16:32; absolute Exodus 29:29; הכהנים הַמְּשֻׁחִים Numbers 3:3.
b. sacred things:מַצֵּבָה Genesis 31:13 (E); tabernacle and its sacred vessels Exodus 29:36; Exodus 30:26; Exodus 40:9,10,11; Leviticus 8:10,11 (all P); קדשׁ קדשׁים Daniel 9:24.
Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִמְשַׁח 1 Chronicles 14:8; Infinitive הִמָּשַׁח Leviticus 6:13 3 t; — be anointed, למלך על כל ישׂראל 1 Chronicles 14:8; Aaron and his sons Leviticus 6:13 (P); altar Numbers 7:10,84,88.
מְשַׁח noun [masculine] oil (see Biblical Hebrew); — absolute Ezra 6:9; Ezra 7:22.
[מִשְׁכַּב] see שׁכב. [מִשְׁכַּן] see שׁכן.
[מַשְׁרוֺקִית] see שׁרק. [מִשְׁתֶּה] see שׁתּה.
[מַתְּנָא] see נתן.
מָשַׁח fut. יִמְשַׁח inf. מְשֹׁחַ, once מָשְׁחָה Exodus 29:29 properly, to stroke, to draw the hand over any thing, mit der Hand ftreichen. (Arab. مَسَحَ id. Kindred are מָשַׁשׁ and מָחָה No. I, which see.) Hence
(1) to spread over with any thing, specially to lay colours on any thing (followed by בְּ of the colour), Jeremiah 22:14 especially to anoint with oil (Arabic مسح id.), e.g. cakes, Exodus 29:2 Levit. 2:4 7:12 a shield (by doing which, the leather becomes more tenacious, and less pervious to weapons), Isaiah 21:5; 2 Samuel 1:21 [adj.], etc. Especially to anoint any one as a sacred rite in his inauguration and consecration to an office, as a priest, Exodus 28:41, 40:15 a prophet, 1 Kings 19:16; Isaiah 61:1 a king, 1 Samuel 10:1, 15:1 2 Samuel 2:4; 1 Kings 1:34 also a stone or pillar, which should be, at some future time, a sacred place, Genesis 31:13 also vessels consecrated to God, Exodus 40:9, 11 Exodus 40:11; Leviticus 8:11; Numbers 7:1. Fully expressed, מָשָׁח פּ׳ לְמֶלֶךְ to anoint, i.e. to consecrate any one king, 1 Kings 19:15; 2 Kings 9:3 and concisely 2 Samuel 19:11, “Absalom אֲשֶׁר מָשַׁחְנוּ עָלֵינוּ whom we anointed, (i.e. made king) over us.” Isaiah 61:1, “because Jehovah hovah hath anointed me, (i.e. consecrated, appointed), לְבַשֵּׂר to preach”. The thing (oil or ointment) with which the anointing is performed, is put with בְּ prefixed, Exodus 29:2; Psalms 89:21 and in the acc., Psalms 45:8; Amos 6:6.
(2) [“to spread out, to expand, hence”], to measure, Syr. ܡܫܰܚ, Arab. مسح Hence מִשְׁחָה, מָשְׁחָה and מִמְשַׁח.
Niphal, pass. of Kal No. 1, to be anointed, i.e. consecrated by anointing, Leviticus 6:13; Numbers 7:10, 84, 88 1 Chronicles 14:8.
Derivatives, מָשִׁיחַ, מִמְשַׁה, and the words which immediately follow.