Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4886 - מָשַׁח
1) to smear, anoint, spread a liquid
1a1) to smear
1a2) to anoint (as consecration)
1a3) to anoint, consecrate
1b) (Niphal) to be anointed
2357) hsm (מסההה MShHh) AC: Smear CO: Ointment AB: ?: Ointments were made from oils and smeared on injuries for healing. Oil was also smeared on the heads of individuals who are being given the office of a prophet, priest or king as a sign of authority. [from: hm- as a drawing out]
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
מָשַׁח fut. יִמְשַׁח inf. מְשֹׁחַ, once מָשְׁחָה Exodus 29:29 properly, to stroke, to draw the hand over any thing, mit der Hand ftreichen. (Arab. مَسَحَ id. Kindred are מָשַׁשׁ and מָחָה No. I, which see.) Hence
(1) to spread over with any thing, specially to lay colours on any thing (followed by בְּ of the colour), Jeremiah 22:14 especially to anoint with oil (Arabic مسح id.), e.g. cakes, Exodus 29:2 Levit. 2:4 7:12 a shield (by doing which, the leather becomes more tenacious, and less pervious to weapons), Isaiah 21:5; 2 Samuel 1:21 [adj.], etc. Especially to anoint any one as a sacred rite in his inauguration and consecration to an office, as a priest, Exodus 28:41, 40:15 a prophet, 1 Kings 19:16; Isaiah 61:1 a king, 1 Samuel 10:1, 15:1 2 Samuel 2:4; 1 Kings 1:34 also a stone or pillar, which should be, at some future time, a sacred place, Genesis 31:13 also vessels consecrated to God, Exodus 40:9, 11 Exodus 40:11; Leviticus 8:11; Numbers 7:1. Fully expressed, מָשָׁח פּ׳ לְמֶלֶךְ to anoint, i.e. to consecrate any one king, 1 Kings 19:15; 2 Kings 9:3 and concisely 2 Samuel 19:11, “Absalom אֲשֶׁר מָשַׁחְנוּ עָלֵינוּ whom we anointed, (i.e. made king) over us.” Isaiah 61:1, “because Jehovah hovah hath anointed me, (i.e. consecrated, appointed), לְבַשֵּׂר to preach”. The thing (oil or ointment) with which the anointing is performed, is put with בְּ prefixed, Exodus 29:2; Psalms 89:21 and in the acc., Psalms 45:8; Amos 6:6.
(2) [“to spread out, to expand, hence”], to measure, Syr. ܡܫܰܚ, Arab. مسح Hence מִשְׁחָה, מָשְׁחָה and מִמְשַׁח.
Niphal, pass. of Kal No. 1, to be anointed, i.e. consecrated by anointing, Leviticus 6:13; Numbers 7:10, 84, 88 1 Chronicles 14:8.
Derivatives, מָשִׁיחַ, מִמְשַׁה, and the words which immediately follow.
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