Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4899 - מָשִׁיחַ
1) anointed, anointed one
1a) of the Messiah, Messianic prince
1b) of the king of Israel
1c) of the high priest of Israel
1d) of Cyrus
1e) of the patriarchs as anointed kings
2357) hsm (מסההה MShHh) AC: Smear CO: Ointment AB: ?: Ointments were made from oils and smeared on injuries for healing. Oil was also smeared on the heads of individuals who are being given the office of a prophet, priest or king as a sign of authority. [from: hm- as a drawing out]
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) adj. verbal pass. (from the root מָשַׁה), χριστός, anointed (used of a shield), 2 Samuel 1:21 מָשִׁיחַ נָגִיד the anointed prince [Messiah the prince], Daniel 9:25 הַכֹּחֵן הַמָּשִׁיחַ the anointed priest, i.e. the high priest, Leviticus 4:3,, 16.
(2) subst. Χριστός, Anointed, i.e. prince (consecrated by anointing), Daniel 9:26 more fully מְשִׁיחַ יְיָ the anointed of Jehovah (LXX. ὁ Χριστὸς Κυρίου), a title of honour given to the kings of Israel as being consecrated to God by anointing, and, therefore, holy, 1 Samuel 2:10, 35 1 Samuel 2:35, 12:3, 1 Samuel 12:5, 16:6 24:7, 11 1 Samuel 24:11, 26:9, 11 1 Samuel 26:11, 23 1 Samuel 26:23; 2 Samuel 1:14, 16 2 Samuel 1:16, 19:22 23:1 Psalms 2:2, 18:51 20:7 28:8. Once used of Cyrus, king of Persia, Isaiah 45:1 never of the future Messiah (although some refer Psalms 2:2 to him). [This is an awfully false statement, many of these passages (as well as Psalms 2:2) refer to Christ only.] Plur. the anointed of Jehovah, of the Patriarchs, Psalms 105:15; 1 Chronicles 16:22.
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