Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #05157 - נָחַל

Transliteration
nâchal
Phonetics
naw-khal'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1342
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to get as a possession, acquire, inherit, possess

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to take possession, inherit

1a2) to have or get as a possession or property (figuratively)

1a3) to divide the land for a possession

1a4) to acquire (testimonies) (figuratively)

1b) (Piel) to divide for a possession

1c) (Hithpael) to possess oneself of

1d) (Hiphil)

1d1) to give as a possession

1d2) to cause to inherit, give as an inheritance

1e) (Hophal) to be allotted, be made to possess

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1842 ‑ ἐξολεθρεύω (ex‑ol‑oth‑ryoo'‑o);  1330 ‑ διέρχομαι (dee‑er'‑khom‑ahee);  1687 ‑ ἐμβατεύω (em‑bat‑yoo'‑o);  2722 ‑ κατέχω (kat‑ekh'‑o);  2932 ‑ κτάομαι (ktah'‑om‑ahee);  1244 ‑ διαιρέω (dee‑ahee‑reh'‑o);  1266 ‑ διαμερίζω (dee‑am‑er‑id'‑zo);  2624 ‑ κατακληρονομέω (kat‑ak‑lay‑rod‑ot‑eh'‑o);  3307 ‑ μερίζω (mer‑id'‑zo);  2816 ‑ κληρονομέω (klay‑ron‑om‑eh'‑o);  2624 ‑ κατακληρονομέω (kat‑ak‑lay‑rod‑ot‑eh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (62)
Exodus
3
Leviticus
1
Numbers
15
Deuteronomy
9
Joshua
9
Judges
1
1 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
1
Job
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
6
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
3
Ezekiel
3
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
2
NAS (84)
Exodus
5
Leviticus
1
Numbers
19
Deuteronomy
11
Joshua
15
Judges
2
1 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
2
Job
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
7
Isaiah
4
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
6
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
2
HCS (57)
Exodus
3
Leviticus
1
Numbers
12
Deuteronomy
8
Joshua
9
Judges
1
1 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
1
Job
1
Psalms
2
Proverbs
6
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
3
Ezekiel
3
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
2
BSB (58)
Exodus
3
Leviticus
1
Numbers
13
Deuteronomy
8
Joshua
8
Judges
1
1 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
1
Job
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
6
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
3
Ezekiel
3
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
2
ESV (54)
Leviticus
1
Numbers
13
Deuteronomy
7
Joshua
9
Judges
1
1 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
1
Job
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
5
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
3
Ezekiel
3
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
2
WEB (62)
Exodus
3
Leviticus
1
Numbers
14
Deuteronomy
9
Joshua
10
Judges
1
1 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
1
Job
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
6
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
3
Ezekiel
3
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
2
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2391) lhn (נההל NHhL) AC: Inherit CO: Inheritance AB: ?

V) lhn (נההל NHhL) - Inherit: KJV (61): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) inherit, inheritance, possess, have, divide, heritage - Strongs: H5157 (נָחַל)

Nm) lhn (נההל NHhL) - River: Also the valley of a stream. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (141): river, brook, valley, stream, flood - Strongs: H5158 (נַחְלָה)

Nf1) elhn (נההלה NHhLH) - Inheritance: KJV (222): inheritance, heritage, inherit, possession - Strongs: H5159 (נַחֲלָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

נָחַל

(1)  to receive any thing as a possession, to possess, as wealth, glory, Proverbs 3:35, 11:29 28:10 very frequently used of the children of Israel, as acquiring the possession of Canaan, and as possessing it, Exodus 23:30, 32:13 also followed by בְּ (to acquire a settlement in a country, in the midst of brethren), Numbers 18:20, 23 Numbers 18:23, 24 Numbers 18:24 and אֵת (with any one) ibid., 32:19; absol. Joshua 16:4. In other places Jehovah is spoken of as taking Israel as his own, and as therefore guarding and defending them, Exodus 34:9 Zech. 2:16.

(2) specially to receive as an inheritance, Judges 11:2 compare Numbers 18:20. Metaphorically, Psalms 119:111.

(3) causat. i.q. Piel to give any thing to be possessed, to distribute, followed by an acc. of the thing, and לְ of pers. Numbers 34:17, אֲשֶׁר־יִנְחֲלוּ לָכֶם אֶת־הָאָרֶץ “who shall distribute the land to you;” verse 18 Numbers 34:18; Joshua 19:49 with an acc. of pers. (apparently), Exodus 34:9, נְחַלְתָּנוּ “give us a possession.”

Piel נִחַל to give for a possession, to distribute, Joshua 13:32 followed by two acc. of person and thing, Joshua 14:1; Numbers 34:29 לְ of pers., Joshua 19:51.

Hiphil הִנְחִיל

(1) to give for a possession, commonly followed by two acc. of person and thing, Proverbs 8:21, 13:22 Zechariah 8:12 without the acc. of the thing, Deuteronomy 32:8, בְּהַנְחֵל עֶלְיוֹן גּוֹיִם “when the Most High distributed to the nations;” and without the acc. of pers., Isaiah 49:8 often used of the distribution of the land of Canaan, Deuteronomy 1:38, 3:28 12:10 19:3 31:7 Jeremiah 3:18, 12:14 Joshua 1:6.

(2) to cause to inherit, i.e.

(a) to leave to be inherited, followed by a dative of pers., 1 Chronicles 28:8.

(b) to distribute an inheritance, followed by two acc., Deuteronomy 21:16.

Hophal, to be made to inherit, i.e. to acquire, although by compulsion, and unwillingly; hence with acc., Job 7:3, הָנְחַלְתִּי לִי יַרְחֵי־שָׁוְא “I acquire months of misery;” such are allotted to me.

Hithpael, i.q. Kal, to receive as one’s own possession, to possess, followed by an acc., Numbers 32:18; Isaiah 14:2. Followed by a dat. of pers. to possess any thing to leave to one’s heir. Levit. 25:46, וְהִתְנַחַלְתֶּם אֹתָם לִבְנֵיכֶם אַחֲרֵיכֶם “and ye shall possess them (slaves) to be left to your sons after you;” so rightly all the ancient versions.

In a similar manner, we must explain the passages, Numbers 33:54, 34:13 Ezekiel 47:13. Compare Ewald’s Hebr. Gramm., p. 204.

II. נָחַל an unused root, i.q. נָהַל, נָחַר to flow, whence the following words. [This root is not divided in Thes. into two parts.]

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List of Word Forms
בְּהַנְחֵ֤ל בהנחל הִנְחַ֖לְתִּי הִנְחַ֥לְתִּי הִתְנַחֵל֙ הַנְחִיל֣וֹ הָנְחַ֣לְתִּי הנחילו הנחלתי התנחל וְהִֽתְנַחֲל֣וּם וְהִנְחַלְתִּ֗י וְהִנְחַלְתֶּ֛ם וְהִתְנַחֲלְתֶּ֨ם וְהִתְנַחַלְתֶּם֩ וְנָחֲל֖וּ וְנָחַ֨ל וְנָחַלְתָּ֖ וַיִּנְחֲל֥וּ וּנְחַלְתֶּ֤ם וּנְחַלְתָּֽנוּ׃ והנחלתי והנחלתם והתנחלום והתנחלתם וינחלו ונחל ונחלו ונחלת ונחלתם ונחלתנו׃ יִנְחֲל֖וּ יִנְחֲל֥וּ יִנְחֲלוּ־ יִנְחַל־ יִנְחָ֑לוּ יִנְחָ֔לוּ יִנְחָֽלוּ׃ יִנְחָל֑וּהָ יִנְחָלֽוּם׃ יַנְחִ֣יל יַנְחִ֣ל יַנְחִ֥יל יַנְחִֽילְךָ֖ יַנְחִלֵ֑ם יַנְחִלֶ֥נָּה ינחיל ינחילך ינחל ינחל־ ינחלו ינחלו־ ינחלו׃ ינחלוה ינחלום׃ ינחלם ינחלנה לְהַנְחִ֖יל לְנַחֵ֥ל לִנְחֹ֥ל לִנְחֹל־ להנחיל לנחל לנחל־ מַנְחִ֣יל מנחיל נִֽחֲל֜וּ נִחֲל֣וּ נִחַ֥ל נִנְחַל֙ נָחֲל֣וּ נָחֲל֥וּ נָחַ֣לְתִּי נחל נחלו נחלתי ננחל תִ֝נְחַ֗ל תִּנְחַ֔ל תִּתְנֶחָֽלוּ׃ תִּתְנַחֲל֣וּ תִּתְנַחֲל֤וּ תִנְחַ֣ל תִנְחָ֔ל תַּנְחִיל֙ תַּנְחִילֶ֥נָּה תנחיל תנחילנה תנחל תתנחלו תתנחלו׃ bə·han·ḥêl behanChel bəhanḥêl hā·nə·ḥal·tî han·ḥî·lōw hanchiLo haneChalti hānəḥaltî hanḥîlōw hin·ḥal·tî hinChalti hinḥaltî hiṯ·na·ḥêl hitnaChel hiṯnaḥêl lə·han·ḥîl lə·na·ḥêl lehanChil ləhanḥîl lenaChel lənaḥêl lin·ḥōl lin·ḥōl- linChol linḥōl linḥōl- man·ḥîl manChil manḥîl nā·ḥă·lū nā·ḥal·tî naChalti nachaLu nāḥaltî nāḥălū ni·ḥă·lū ni·ḥal niChal nichaLu niḥal niḥălū nin·ḥal ninChal ninḥal tan·ḥî·len·nāh tan·ḥîl tanChil tanchiLennah tanḥîl tanḥîlennāh tin·ḥal ṯin·ḥal ṯin·ḥāl tinChal tinḥal ṯinḥal ṯinḥāl tiṯ·na·ḥă·lū tiṯ·ne·ḥā·lū titnachaLu tiṯnaḥălū titneChalu tiṯneḥālū ū·nə·ḥal·tā·nū ū·nə·ḥal·tem unechalTanu unechalTem ūnəḥaltānū ūnəḥaltem vaiyinchaLu vehinchalTem vehinchalTi vehitnachalTem vehitnachaLum venaChal venachalTa venachaLu way·yin·ḥă·lū wayyinḥălū wə·hin·ḥal·tem wə·hin·ḥal·tî wə·hiṯ·na·ḥă·lūm wə·hiṯ·na·ḥal·tem wə·hiṯ·na·ḥăl·tem wə·nā·ḥă·lū wə·nā·ḥal wə·nā·ḥal·tā wəhinḥaltem wəhinḥaltî wəhiṯnaḥaltem wəhiṯnaḥăltem wəhiṯnaḥălūm wənāḥal wənāḥaltā wənāḥălū yan·ḥî·lə·ḵā yan·ḥi·lêm yan·ḥi·len·nāh yan·ḥil yan·ḥîl yanChil yanchileCha yanchiLem yanchiLennah yanḥil yanḥîl yanḥîləḵā yanḥilêm yanḥilennāh yin·ḥă·lū yin·ḥā·lū yin·ḥă·lū- yin·ḥā·lū·hā yin·ḥā·lūm yin·ḥal- yinchal yinchaLu yinchaLuha yinchaLum yinḥal- yinḥălū yinḥālū yinḥălū- yinḥālūhā yinḥālūm
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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