Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2816 - κληρονομέω
- to receive a lot, receive by lot
- esp. to receive a part of an inheritance, receive as an inheritance, obtain by right of inheritance
- to be an heir, to inherit
- to receive the portion assigned to one, receive an allotted portion, receive as one's own or as a possession
- to become partaker of, to obtain
1. inherit, c. gen. rei, ὥσπερ τῆς οὐσίας, οὕτω καὶ τῆς φιλίας τῆς πατρικῆς κ. Isoc. 1.2, cf. Isa 4.7, Lycurg. 127; ὅς γ' ἐκεκληρονομήκεις τῶν.. χρημάτων πλεῖν ἢ πέντε ταλάντων D. 18.312; μὴ πλειόνων ἢ μιᾶς [κληρονομίας] τὸν αὐτὸν κ. Arist. Pol. 1309a25: c. acc. rei, Lycurg. 88, Luc. DMort. 11.3, BGU 19 ii 1 (ii A.D.), etc.: abs., Phld. Mort. 24.
2. acquire, obtain, τὴν ἐπ' ἀσεβείᾳ δόξαν Plb. 15.22.3; φήμην Id. 18.55.8; θρόνον βασιλείας LXX 1 Maccabees 2:57; τὴν γῆν receive possession of the promised land, Palestine, ib. Leviticus 20:24, De. 4.1 (also, obtain all that God has promised, ib. Psalms 37:11(36).11, cf. Matthew 5:5); obtain salvation, ζωὴν αἰώνιον Matthew 19:29.
II to be an inheritor or heir, τινος of a person, Luc. Hist.Conscr. 20: more freq. τινα, Posidon. 36J., Plu. Sull. 2, PGnom. 5, al. (ii A.D.), AP 11.202, etc.; κ. τινὰ τῆς οὐσίας D.C. 45.47: metaph., σῆτες καὶ σκώληκες -ομήσουσιν αὐτόν LXX Si. 19.3: — Pass., to be succeeded in the inheritance, of parents, Ph. 2.172, 291, Luc. Tox. 22; ὑφ' ὧν τὴν ῥητορικὴν ἐκληρονομήθη Philostr. VS 2.26.6.
III leave an heir behind one, υἱοὺς υἱῶν LXX Proverbs 13:22.
κληρονομέω , -ῶ (< κληρονόμος ),
1. to receive by lot.
2. to inherit (in cl., usually c. gen. rei): absol., Galatians 4:30 (LXX); in general, to possess oneself of, receive as one's own, obtain (as Deuteronomy 4:5, al., cf. Psalms 25:3, Isaiah 61:7): c. acc rei (as generally in late Gk., v. M, Pr., 65), of the Messianic Kingdom (cf. Psalms 37:11, Sirach 4:13; Sirach 37:26, and v. Dalman, Words, 125 ff.) and its blessings and privileges, τ . γῆν , Matthew 5:5 (cf. LXX); τ . βασιλείαν , β . θεοῦ , Matthew 25:34, 1 Corinthians 6:9-10; 1 Corinthians 15:50, Galatians 5:21; ζωὴν αἰώνιον , Matthew 19:29, Mark 10:17, Luke 10:25; Luke 18:18; σωτηρίαν , Hebrews 1:14; τ . ἐπαγγελίας , Hebrews 6:12; ἀφθαρσίαν , 1 Corinthians 15:50; ὄνομα , Hebrews 1:4; τ . εὐλογίαν , Hebrews 12:17, 1 Peter 3:9; ταῦτα , Revelation 21:7 (cf. κατα -κληρονομέω ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For this verb in the original sense of ";inherit"; we may cite BGU I. 19ii. 1 (a petition—A.D. 135) τὰ μαμμῷα (not in LS.8) κληρονομεῖν, ";to inherit her grandmother’s belongings,"; P Ryl II. 117.13 (A.D. 269) τοὺς μηδὲν [τ ]ῶν κ ̣α ̣τοιχομένων κεκληρονομηκότας μὴ κατεχέσθαι τοῖς ἐκείνων ὀφε ̣[ιλήμασι ]ν ἢ καὶ ζητήμασιν σαφῶς τοῖς θείοις νόμοις διώρισται, ";it is clearly stated in the Imperial laws that those who have inherited nothing from deceased persons cannot be held responsible for their debts or the claims made against them"; (Edd.), BGU IV. 1024viii. 16 (end of IV/A.D.) κληρονομήσι (l.–σει) δέκατον μέρος τῶν ὑπαρχόντων Διοδήμῳ. In all these cases the verb is construed with the ace. of the thing as generally in later writers and in the NT (cf. Schmidt Jos. p. 374 f. ). For the ace. of a person (cf. LXX Proverbs 13:22) see P Oxy VII. 1067.8 (iii/A.D.) μάθε οὖν ὅτι ἀλλοτρίαν γυναῖκαν (l. ἀλλοτρία γυνὴ) ἐκληρονόμησεν αὐτόν, ";know then that another man’s wife is made his heir,"; P Ryl I. 28.226 (iv/A.D.) δοῦλος δὲ αὐ [τὸν κληρ ]ο ̣ν ̣ο ̣μήσει ̣, ";a slave will be his heir";, and for the absolute use, as in Galatians 4:30, see Syll 386.8 (A.D. 120) where certain persons are described as—οὐσίας τῶν δεδαν (ε)ισ [μέ ]νω [ν κ ]ατέχοντας, οὐ φάσκοντας δὲ κληρονομεῖν. The special Biblical use of the word and its cognates, in which ";heirship"; passes over into the sense of ";sanctioned and settled possession"; (Hort ad 1 Peter 1:4), is fully illustrated by Westcott Heb. p. 167 ff. : cf. also SH p. 203 f., Dalman Words, p. 125 ff.
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