the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2816 - κληρονομέω
- to receive a lot, receive by lot
- esp. to receive a part of an inheritance, receive as an inheritance, obtain by right of inheritance
- to be an heir, to inherit
- to receive the portion assigned to one, receive an allotted portion, receive as one's own or as a possession
- to become partaker of, to obtain
1. inherit, c. gen. rei, ὥσπερ τῆς οὐσίας, οὕτω καὶ τῆς φιλίας τῆς πατρικῆς κ. Isoc. 1.2, cf. Isa 4.7, Lycurg. 127; ὅς γ' ἐκεκληρονομήκεις τῶν.. χρημάτων πλεῖν ἢ πέντε ταλάντων D. 18.312; μὴ πλειόνων ἢ μιᾶς [κληρονομίας] τὸν αὐτὸν κ. Arist. Pol. 1309a25: c. acc. rei, Lycurg. 88, Luc. DMort. 11.3, BGU 19 ii 1 (ii A.D.), etc.: abs., Phld. Mort. 24.
2. acquire, obtain, τὴν ἐπ' ἀσεβείᾳ δόξαν Plb. 15.22.3; φήμην Id. 18.55.8; θρόνον βασιλείας LXX 1 Maccabees 2:57; τὴν γῆν receive possession of the promised land, Palestine, ib. Leviticus 20:24, De. 4.1 (also, obtain all that God has promised, ib. Psalms 37:11(36).11, cf. Matthew 5:5); obtain salvation, ζωὴν αἰώνιον Matthew 19:29.
II to be an inheritor or heir, τινος of a person, Luc. Hist.Conscr. 20: more freq. τινα, Posidon. 36J., Plu. Sull. 2, PGnom. 5, al. (ii A.D.), AP 11.202, etc.; κ. τινὰ τῆς οὐσίας D.C. 45.47: metaph., σῆτες καὶ σκώληκες -ομήσουσιν αὐτόν LXX Si. 19.3: — Pass., to be succeeded in the inheritance, of parents, Ph. 2.172, 291, Luc. Tox. 22; ὑφ' ὧν τὴν ῥητορικὴν ἐκληρονομήθη Philostr. VS 2.26.6.
III leave an heir behind one, υἱοὺς υἱῶν LXX Proverbs 13:22.
κληρονομέω, κληρονόμω; future κληρονομήσω; 1 aorist ἐκληρονόμησα; perfect κεκληρονόμηκα; (κληρονόμος, which see; cf. οἰκονόμος); the Sept. for נָחַל and much more often for יָרַשׁ;
1. "to receive a lot, receive by lot; especially to receive a part of an inheritance, receive as an inheritance, obtain by right of inheritance"; so, particularly in the Attic orators, with a genitive of the thing; in later writings not infrequent with an accusative of the thing (cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 129; Sturz, De dial. Maced. etc., p. 140; Winers Grammar, 200 (188); (Buttmann, § 132, 8)); absolutely, to be an heir, to inherit: Galatians 4:30 from Genesis 21:10.
2. universally, "to receive the portion assigned to one, receive an allotted portion, receive as one's own or as a possession; to become partaker of, to obtain" (cf. English inherit) (as φημην, Polybius 18, 38 (55), 8; τήν ἐπ' εὐσέβεια δόξαν, 15, 22, 3); in Biblical Greek everywhere with the accusative of the thing; so very frequent in the O. T. in the phrase κληρονομουν γῆν and τήν γῆν, of the occupation of the land of Canaan by the Israelites, as Leviticus 20:24; Deuteronomy 4:22, 26; Deuteronomy 6:1, etc. But as the Israelites after taking possession of the land were harassed almost perpetually by their hostile neighbors, and even driven out of the country for a considerable period, it came to pass that the phrase was transferred to denote the tranquil and stable possession of the holy land crowned with all divine blessings, an experience which pious Israelites were to expect under the Messiah: Psalm 24:13
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κληρονομέω , -ῶ (< κληρονόμος ),
[in LXX chiefly for H3423, also for H5157, etc.;]
1. to receive by lot.
2. to inherit (in cl., usually c. gen. rei): absol., Galatians 4:30 (LXX); in general, to possess oneself of, receive as one's own, obtain (as Deuteronomy 4:5, al., cf. Psalms 25:3, Isaiah 61:7): c. acc rei (as generally in late Gk., v. M, Pr., 65), of the Messianic Kingdom (cf. Psalms 37:11, Sirach 4:13; Sirach 37:26, and v. Dalman, Words, 125 ff.) and its blessings and privileges, τ . γῆν , Matthew 5:5 (cf. LXX); τ . βασιλείαν , β . θεοῦ , Matthew 25:34, 1 Corinthians 6:9-10; 1 Corinthians 15:50, Galatians 5:21; ζωὴν αἰώνιον , Matthew 19:29, Mark 10:17, Luke 10:25; Luke 18:18; σωτηρίαν , Hebrews 1:14; τ . ἐπαγγελίας , Hebrews 6:12; ἀφθαρσίαν , 1 Corinthians 15:50; ὄνομα , Hebrews 1:4; τ . εὐλογίαν , Hebrews 12:17, 1 Peter 3:9; ταῦτα , Revelation 21:7 (cf. κατα -κληρονομέω ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For this verb in the original sense of ";inherit"; we may cite BGU I. 19ii. 1 (a petition—A.D. 135) τὰ μαμμῷα (not in LS.8) κληρονομεῖν, ";to inherit her grandmother’s belongings,"; P Ryl II. 117.13 (A.D. 269) τοὺς μηδὲν [τ ]ῶν κ ̣α ̣τοιχομένων κεκληρονομηκότας μὴ κατεχέσθαι τοῖς ἐκείνων ὀφε ̣[ιλήμασι ]ν ἢ καὶ ζητήμασιν σαφῶς τοῖς θείοις νόμοις διώρισται, ";it is clearly stated in the Imperial laws that those who have inherited nothing from deceased persons cannot be held responsible for their debts or the claims made against them"; (Edd.), BGU IV. 1024viii. 16 (end of IV/A.D.) κληρονομήσι (l.–σει) δέκατον μέρος τῶν ὑπαρχόντων Διοδήμῳ. In all these cases the verb is construed with the ace. of the thing as generally in later writers and in the NT (cf. Schmidt Jos. p. 374 f. ). For the ace. of a person (cf. LXX Proverbs 13:22) see P Oxy VII. 1067.8 (iii/A.D.) μάθε οὖν ὅτι ἀλλοτρίαν γυναῖκαν (l. ἀλλοτρία γυνὴ) ἐκληρονόμησεν αὐτόν, ";know then that another man’s wife is made his heir,"; P Ryl I. 28.226 (iv/A.D.) δοῦλος δὲ αὐ [τὸν κληρ ]ο ̣ν ̣ο ̣μήσει ̣, ";a slave will be his heir";, and for the absolute use, as in Galatians 4:30, see Syll 386.8 (A.D. 120) where certain persons are described as—οὐσίας τῶν δεδαν (ε)ισ [μέ ]νω [ν κ ]ατέχοντας, οὐ φάσκοντας δὲ κληρονομεῖν. The special Biblical use of the word and its cognates, in which ";heirship"; passes over into the sense of ";sanctioned and settled possession"; (Hort ad 1 Peter 1:4), is fully illustrated by Westcott Heb. p. 167 ff. : cf. also SH p. 203 f., Dalman Words, p. 125 ff.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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