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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #05557 - סָלַף
1) to twist, pervert, distort, overturn, ruin
1a1) to pervert (of bribery)
1a2) to subvert, turn upside down, ruin
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
סָלַף not used in Kal.
(1) to pervert, Exodus 23:8, וִיסַלֵּף דִּבְרֵי צַדִּיקִים “and (a gift) perverts the words of the righteous,” Deuteronomy 16:19. Proverbs 19:3, אִוֶּלֶת אָדָם תְּסַלֵף דַּרְכּוֹ “the foolishness of a man perverteth his way.”
(2) to overturn, to send headlong, Job 12:19; Proverbs 21:12, 13:6 22:12.
[“The primary force of this root has of late been correctly laid down by Fasius, following Alb. Schultens and Arnold (Neue Jahrb. i. p. 168), to be that of slipperiness, and gliding away, escaping.
(1) trans. to slip away (fchlüpfen, to slip).
(2) intrans. to be slippery (fchlüpfrig fehn), comp. Arab. سلف to pass by (vorbehfchlüpfen) and to daub over, both taken from that of slipperiness, and with the sibilant turned into an aspirate, חָלַף to pass by, to leave behind (prop. vorbehfchlüpfen), Gr. ἀλείφω. Hence
(1) to cause to slip, or fail, as a just cause (σφάλλειν δίκαν, Eurip. Androm. 781 al. 766), Exodus 23:8; Proverbs 13:6, רִשְׁעָה תְּסַלֵּף חַטָּאת “wickedness causes the erring (foot) to slip.” Hence to give to destruction, Deuteronomy 16:19; Proverbs 21:12, 22:12 Job 12:19.
(2) to make (a way) slippery, Proverbs 15:3.” Ges. App.] Hence
[“סֶלֶף m. prop. smoothness, slipperiness; hence flattery, nearly i.q. חֶלְקָה Proverbs 11:3, 15:4.” Ges. App.]
the Second Week after Epiphany