Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #05557 - סָלַף

Transliteration
sâlaph
Phonetics
saw-laf'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1510
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to twist, pervert, distort, overturn, ruin

1a) (Piel)

1a1) to pervert (of bribery)

1a2) to subvert, turn upside down, ruin

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1808 ‑ ἐξαίρω (ex‑ah'ee‑ro);  2690 ‑ καταστρέφω (kat‑as‑tref'‑o);  3075 ‑ λυμαίνω (loo‑mah'ee‑nom‑ahee);  5337 ‑ φαῦλος (fow'‑los);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (7)
Exodus
1
Deuteronomy
1
Job
1
Proverbs
4
NAS (7)
Exodus
1
Deuteronomy
1
Job
1
Proverbs
4
HCS (7)
Exodus
1
Deuteronomy
1
Job
1
Proverbs
4
BSB (7)
Exodus
1
Deuteronomy
1
Job
1
Proverbs
4
ESV (6)
Deuteronomy
1
Job
1
Proverbs
4
WEB (6)
Exodus
1
Deuteronomy
1
Proverbs
4
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2485) plx (סלפ SLP) AC: Twist CO: ? AB: ?

V) plx (סלפ SLP) - Twist: To twist words or the way in the sense of perverseness. KJV (7): (vf: Piel) overthrow, pervert - Strongs: H5557 (סָלַף)

Nm) plx (סלפ SLP) - Crookedness: Something twisted. KJV (2): perverseness - Strongs: H5558 (סֶלֶף)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

סָלַף not used in Kal.

Piel

(1) to pervert, Exodus 23:8, וִיסַלֵּף דִּבְרֵי צַדִּיקִים “and (a gift) perverts the words of the righteous,” Deuteronomy 16:19. Proverbs 19:3, אִוֶּלֶת אָדָם תְּסַלֵף דַּרְכּוֹ “the foolishness of a man perverteth his way.”

(2) to overturn, to send headlong, Job 12:19; Proverbs 21:12, 13:6 22:12.

[“The primary force of this root has of late been correctly laid down by Fasius, following Alb. Schultens and Arnold (Neue Jahrb. i. p. 168), to be that of slipperiness, and gliding away, escaping.

(1) trans. to slip away (fchlüpfen, to slip).

(2) intrans. to be slippery (fchlüpfrig fehn), comp. Arab. سلف to pass by (vorbehfchlüpfen) and to daub over, both taken from that of slipperiness, and with the sibilant turned into an aspirate, חָלַף to pass by, to leave behind (prop. vorbehfchlüpfen), Gr. ἀλείφω. Hence

Piel

(1) to cause to slip, or fail, as a just cause (σφάλλειν δίκαν, Eurip. Androm. 781 al. 766), Exodus 23:8; Proverbs 13:6, רִשְׁעָה תְּסַלֵּף חַטָּאת “wickedness causes the erring (foot) to slip.” Hence to give to destruction, Deuteronomy 16:19; Proverbs 21:12, 22:12 Job 12:19.

(2) to make (a way) slippery, Proverbs 15:3.” Ges. App.] Hence

[“סֶלֶף m. prop. smoothness, slipperiness; hence flattery, nearly i.q. חֶלְקָה Proverbs 11:3, 15:4.” Ges. App.]

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List of Word Forms
וִֽיסַלֵּ֖ף וַ֝יְסַלֵּ֗ף ויסלף יְסַלֵּֽף׃ יסלף׃ מְסַלֵּ֖ף מסלף תְּסַלֵּ֣ף תְּסַלֵּ֥ף תסלף mə·sal·lêp̄ mesalLef məsallêp̄ tə·sal·lêp̄ tesalLef təsallêp̄ vaysalLef visalLef way·sal·lêp̄ waysallêp̄ wî·sal·lêp̄ wîsallêp̄ yə·sal·lêp̄ yesalLef yəsallêp̄
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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