Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5337 - φαῦλος

Transliteration
phaûlos
Phonetics
fow'-los
Origin
apparently a primary word
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. easy, slight, ordinary, mean, worthless, of no account
  2. ethically, bad, base, wicked
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 191 ‑ אֱוִיל (ev‑eel');  3886 ‑ לוּעַ (loo'‑ah);  5557 ‑ סָלַף (saw‑laf');  5766 ‑ עֹלָה (eh'‑vel, aw'‑vel, av‑law', o‑law', o‑law');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (4)
John
2
Titus
1
James
1
NAS (6)
John
2
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Titus
1
James
1
HCS (6)
John
2
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Titus
1
James
1
BSB (6)
John
2
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Titus
1
James
1
ESV (5)
John
2
2 Corinthians
1
Titus
1
James
1
WEB (4)
John
2
Titus
1
James
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φαῦλος,

η, ον, also ος, ον E. Hipp. 435, Fr. 1083.9, Th. 6.21: (cf. φλαῦρος):

cheap, easy, slight, paltry, first found commonly in E., twicein Hdt. 1.26, 126 (Comp., elsewh. φλαῦρος), six times in Democr., Fr. 87, al., twice in S., Frr. 41,771: Adv. φαύλως once in A.: A. Pers. 520. I of things, easy, slight, φ. ἀθλήσας πόνον E. Supp. 317; φαυλότατον ἔργον ''tis as easy as lying', Ar. Eq. 213; φ. πρᾶγμα Id. Lys. 14; τὸ ζήτημα οὐ φ. Pl. R. 368c; φ. ἐρώτημα Id. Phlb. 19a; φαῦλον αὐτοῖς προστάξομεν Id. R. 423c: freq. with negat., οὐ φ., ἀλλὰ χαλεπὸν πιστεῦσαι ib. 527d; μάχη οὐ φ. Id. Tht. 179d; οὐ φ. τέχνη Id. Sph. 223c; οὔτοι βασιλέα φαῦλόν [ἐστι] κτανεῖν 'tis no slight matter to kill a king, E. El. 760; νυκτὸς γὰρ οὔτι φ. ἐμβαλεῖν στρατόν no easy matter, Id. Rh. 285; οὐ φ. πληγαί D. 54.13; φιλοῦσιν ἰατροὶ λέγειν τὰ φαῦλα μείζω Men. 497; φαῦλα ἐπιφέρειν bring paltry charges, Hdt. 1.26; τὰ φ. νικήσας ἔχω have gained petty victories, S. Fr. 41 (wrongly glossed by μέγα in Phot., Suid., and EM 789.43, cf. Hsch); σύμμαχον Τροίᾳ μολόντα Ῥῆσον οὐ φαύλῳ τρόπῳ, i. e. with no trivial force, E. Rh. 599; παρὰ φαῦλον ποιεῖσθαί τι D.H. Rh. 4.2, cf. Lib. Or. 14.26. Adv. -λως εὑρεῖν, τυχεῖν, Ar. Eq. 404 (troch.), 509 (anap.); φ. πάνυ Id. Lys. 566 (anap.); φ. ἐκφυγεῖν to get off easily, Id. Ach. 215 (lyr.); φ. ἀποδράς Id. Th. 711 (lyr.); φαυλότατα καὶ ῥᾷστα Id. Nu. 778; οὔτι φαύλως ἦλθε with no trivial force, E. Ph. 112; φ. βοηθήσειν D. 15.13; φαύλως καὶ γλίσχρως παρείχοντο χρήματα Hell.Oxy. 14.2; τὰς ἐλπίδας φ. ἔχειν to be slight, Hdn. 1.3.1.

2. simple, ordinary, δίαιτα Hp. Fract. 36, Art. 49, Eur. Fr. 213.4; σῖτα καὶ ποτὰ φαυλότατα X. Mem. 1.6.2, cf. Hp. Vict. 3.68 (Comp.); but freq. with sense poor, indifferent, στρατιά Th. 6.21; ἀσπίδες, τείχισμα, παρασκευή, Id. 4.9.115, 6.31; ἱμάτιον X. l. c. Adv. -λως, διατρίβειν ἐν φιλοσοφίᾳ Pl. Tht. 173c; μὴ φ. μηδὲ ἰδιωτικῶς Id. Lg. 966e.

3. mean, bad, πρῆξις Democr. 177; λόγοι E. Andr. 870, ψόγος Id. Ph. 94 (perh. both in signf. 1.1 and in 1.3); οὐ φ. ὄψις Pl. R. 519a; φ. δόξα D. 24.205; τὰ πράγματ' ἐστὶ φ. Id. 19.30; φαῦλα διαπεπραγμένος Philem. 229; ὁ φαῦλα πράττων John 3:20; μηδὲ πραξάντων τι ἀγαθὸν ἢ φ. Romans 9:11; τὸ φ. evil, E. IT 390; τὰ φ., opp. τὰ ἀγαθά, X. Smp. 4.47; τύχη φ., opp. ἀγαθή, Arist. Ph. 197a26, cf. Metaph. 1065a35; τὴν πόλιν μηθὲμ φ. παθεῖν OGI 765.35 (Priene); κομίσασθαι.. εἴτε ἀγαθὸν εἴτε φ., of rewards and punishments, 2 Corinthians 5:10; φ. μαίωσις Sor. 2.17, cf. 1.91, al.

II of persons, low in rank, mean, common, E. Fr. 688; οἱ φαυλότατοι the commonest sort (of soldiers), Th. 7.77; [ γάμος] ὁ ἐκ τῶν φαυλοτέρων, opp. ἐκ μειζόνων, X. Hier. 1.27, cf. Pl. R. 475b; of outward looks, αἱ φαυλότεραι the plainer ones, Ar. Ec. 617, cf. 626 (Comp., both anap.).

2. inefficient, bad, διδάσκαλος S. Fr. 771.3; τὸ φ. καὶ τὸ μέσον καὶ τὸ πάνυ ἀκριβές the inefficient, the middling, and the perfect, Th. 6.18; φ. αὐλητής, opp. ἀγαθός, Pl. Prt. 327c; τοξότης Id. Tht. 194a; οὐ δὲ φαύλων ἀνδρῶν οὐδὲ τῶν ἐπιτυχόντων Id. Cra. 390d; opp. σπουδαῖος, Isoc. 1.1, Pl. Lg. 757a, etc.; esp. in point of education and accomplishments, opp. σοφός, οἱ γὰρ ἐν σοφοῖς φαῦλοι παρ' ὄχλῳ μουσικώτεροι λέγειν E. Hipp. 989, cf. Ph. 496, Ion 834, Pl. Smp. 174c, Alc. 1.129a; τὸ πλῆθος τὸ -ότερον E. Ba. 431 (lyr.); οἱ -ότεροι, opp. to οἱ ξυνετώτεροι, Th. 3.37; οἱ φαυλότεροι γνώμην ib. 83; τὰ γράμματα φαῦλοι Pl. Phdr. 242c (so in Adv., φαυλοτέρως πεπαιδευμένοι Id. Lg. 876d); generally, inferior, Id. Grg. 483c: c. inf., φαῦλοι μάχεσθαι E. IT 305; φ. λέγειν, φ. διαλεχθῆναι, Pl. Tht. 181b, Prt. 336c: of animals, φ. κύων D. 26.22; φαυλότατοι ἵπποι X. Mem. 4.1.3.

3. careless, thoughtless, indifferent, E. Med. 807: esp. in Adv., φαύλως ἐκρίνατε judged lightly, A. Pers. 520; φ. εὕδειν E. Rh. 769; οὐχ ὧδε φ. Id. Ion 1546; φ. παραινεῖν off-hand, Id. HF 89; λόγισαι φαύλως μὴ ψήφοις ἀλλ' ἀπὸ χειρός off-hand, roughly, Ar. V. 656 (anap.); φ. εἰπεῖν casually, Pl. R. 449c; φ. φέρειν to bear lightly, E. IA 850, Ar. Av. 961.

4. in good sense, simple, unaffected, φαῦλον, ἄκομψον, τὰ μέγιστ' ἀγαθόν E. Fr. 473 (anap.), cf. D.L. 3.63. Adv. -λως, παιδεύειν τινά by a very simple method, X. Oec. 13.4; φ. καὶ βραχέως ἀποκρίνασθαι Pl. Tht. 147c.

5. of health, etc., φαύλως ἔχειν to be ill, Hp. Aph. 2.32; φ. πράττειν to be in sorry plight, Men. Sam. 165; φ. ἔχει τὰ πράγματα D. 10.3, al.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φαῦλος , -η , -ον ,

[in LXX: Proverbs 22:8 (H5766) Proverbs 29:9 (H191), etc.;]

slight, worthless, of no account, both of persons and things in various shades of meaning (v. LS, s.v.), in NT, as freq. in cl., always with distinct moral reference (v. Ellic., Past. Epp., 203; Hort, Ja., 85; Tr., Syn., LXXxiv), worthless, bad: John 3:20, Titus 2:8, James 3:16; opp. to ἀγαθός (q.v.), John 5:29, Romans 9:11, 2 Corinthians 5:10.†

SYN.: see ἄθεσμος G113.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";flight"; (Mat. 24:20) : P Tebt I. 48.24 (c.B.C. 113) ῥίψαντα τὸ ἱμάτιον εἰς φυγὴν ὁρμῆσαι, ";throwing away his garment took to flight,"; Gnomon 36 (c. A.D. 150) (= BGU V. p. 20) αὐθ <έι ̣ε ̣ρ >ρετον (l. αὐθαίρετον) φυγὴν ἑλομένων, ";having taken to flight of their own accord,"; BGU III. 909.14 (A.D. 359) τῶν ἀπὸ τῆς κώμης φυγὴ (ν) π ̣ο ̣η ̣σαμένων, and P Oxy XVI. 1876.5 (c. A.D. 480) διὰ τῆς φυγῆς περιγράφειν τὸ χρέος ἐσπούδασαν, ";they attempted by flight to evade payment of the debt"; (Edd.).

For a weaker sense cf. ib. VIII. 1121.26 (A.D. 295) ἐμοῦ ἤδη τὴν πρ [ὸς τὸν μ ]ίζονα φυγὴν ποιουμένη <ς >, ";since I a m already having recourse to the official"; (Ed.), in connexion with a petition.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φαυλα φαύλα φαῦλα φαύλη φαύλοι φαυλον φαύλον φαῦλον φαύλος φαύλους φαυσιν φαύσιν phaula phaûla phaulon phaûlon
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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