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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2690 - καταστρέφω

Transliteration
katastréphō
Phonetics
kat-as-tref'-o
Origin
from (G2596) and (G4762)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
7:715,1093
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to turn over, turn under
    1. the soil with a plough
  2. to overturn, overthrow, throw down
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2015 ‑ הָפַךְ (haw‑vak');  2040 ‑ הָרַס (haw‑ras');  2498 ‑ חָלַף (khaw‑laf');  4049 ‑ מְגַר (meg‑ar');  4900 ‑ מָשַׁךְ (maw‑shak');  5287 ‑ נָעַר (naw‑ar');  5422 ‑ נָתַץ (naw‑thats');  5557 ‑ סָלַף (saw‑laf');  6275 ‑ עָתַק (aw‑thak');  7567 ‑ רָשַׁשׁ (raw‑shash');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
NAS (3)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
Acts
1
HCS (2)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
BSB (2)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
ESV (2)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
WEB (2)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καταστρέφω,

pf. κατέστραφα (trans.) Plb. 23.11.2:

Pass., fut. - στρᾰφήσομαι D.C. 42.42: pf. imper. κατεστρέφθω Epicur. (v. infr.): plpf. 3 sg. - έστραπτο Hdn. (v. infr.); 3 pl. - εστράφατο D.C. 39.5:

I turn down, trample on, ποσσί h.Ap. 73; turn the soil, X. Oec. 17.10; κάνθαρον κ. turn it upside down, so as to drain it, Alex. 115, cf. Sotad. Com. 1.33, LXX 4 Ki. 21.13; κατεστραμμένῳ τῷ ὀστράκῳ Arist. HA 622b8.

II

1. upset, overturn, τὴν πόλιν κ. Ar. Eq. 274; τὰς εἰκόνας D.L. 5.82; ruin, undo, βίον καὶ τέκνα καὶ πόλεις Plb. 23.11.2; τινα AP 11.163 (Lucill.): Pass., τὰ προάστεια κατέστραπτο Hdn. 8.4.8.

2. Med., subject to oneself, subdue, πολέμῳ Hdt. 1.64, cf. 71, al., Th. 3.13, D. 18.244, etc.; νόσον E. Hipp. 477; τοὺς μὲν κατεστρέψατο ἐς φόρου ἀπαγωγήν subdued and made them tributary, Hdt. 1.6: c. inf., Ἰωνίην κατεστρέψατο δασμοφόρον εἶναι Id. 7.51.

3. Pass., in aor. and pf., to be subdued, Id. 1.130, 68: plpf., Th. 5.29: c. inf., ἀκούειν σοῦ κατέστραμμαι am constrained to hear, A. Ag. 956: pf. Pass. also in sense of Med., Hdt. 1.171; πάντα κατέστραπται καὶ ἔχει D. 4.6, cf. X. HG 5.2.38, Isoc. 5.21.

III

1. of a floating solid, right itself, Archim. Fluit. 2.9 (Pass.). intr., return, εἰς ταὐτόν Arist. Pr. 921a26, cf. Mech. 856b17. turn round, direct, [ καταπάλτην ] train it on the enemy, Ph. Bel. 82.14; esp. towards an end, ποῖ καταστρέφεις λόγων τελευτήν; A. Pers. 787; οὕτω κατέστρεψεν ἡ τύχη ταῦτα, ὥστ' ἐναντία γενέσθαι τοῖς προσδοκωμένοις Din. 1.32; κατέστρεψεν εἰς φιλανθρωπίαν τοὺς λόγους guided the conversations to a friendly end, Aeschin. 2.39: hence, bring to an end, κ. τὴν βίβλον, τὸν λόγον, Plb. 3.118.10, 22.9.4 (Pass., ταῦτα μὲν αὐτοῦ κατεστρέφθω Epicur. Nat. 14.6); esp. κ. τὸν βίον Cebes 10, Ael. NA 13.21, Plu. Thes. 19,etc.; ὑπὸ τῶν πολεμίων Id. Comp.Sol.Publ. 1: abs., come to an end, close, Plb. 4.2.1; τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ -στρέφοντος Plu. Caes. 51; esp. end life, die, Epicur. Ephesians 3 p.61U., Plu. Them. 31, Arr. An. 7.3.1, Hdn. 5.8.10; κ. εἰς ἀπώλειαν end in.., Alciphr. 3.70; τοὺς λόγους ἐπὶ τὰ πράγματα -στρέφειν οἰόμενος Plu. Ph 4; ἡ ἡμέρα κ. εἰς ὥραν δεκάτην inclines towards.., Id. Sull. 29.

2. Rhet., metaph., λέξις κατεστραμμένη periodic style, opp. εἰρομένη, Arist. Rh. 1409a26, cf. Demetr. Eloc. 12, 21. screw or stretch tight, αἱ κατεστραμμέναι χορδαί Arist. Aud. 803a28.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατα -στρέφω ,

[in LXX for H2015, etc., Genesis 19:21, Jeremiah 20:16, al.;]

1. to turn down, turn over; as, the soil.

2. to overturn, overthrow: Matthew 21:12, Mark 11:15; pass. pf. ptcp., Acts 15:16 (LXX). †


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Syll 168.24 (iv/B.C.) Ἀλε [ξάνδρωι Θηβῶν ἐπικρατήσα ]ντι. . κ [αὶ ἄλλα δὲ τῆς οἰκουμένης μ ]έρη καταστρεψαμένωι δι [ετέλει ἐναντιούμενος ὑπὲ ]ρ τοῦ δήμου. The verb is used metaphorically in Vett. Val. pp. 662 ποιεῖ δὲ καὶ γυμνῆτας ἐπαίτας κακῶς τὸν βίον καταστρέφοντας, 8717 κακῶς δὲ τὸν βίον καταστρέφουσιν.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταστραφήσεται καταστρέφεται καταστρέφων καταστρέψαι καταστρέψας καταστρέψει καταστρέψη καταστρέψω κατεσκαμμένα κατεστραμμενα κατεστραμμένα κατεστραμμένη κατεστραμμένης κατέστραπται κατεστράφη κατέστρεψα κατέστρεψας κατέστρεψε κατεστρεψεν κατέστρεψεν kateskammena kateskamména katestrepsen katéstrepsen
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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