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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2690 - καταστρέφω

from (G2596) and (G4762)
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  1. to turn over, turn under
    1. the soil with a plough
  2. to overturn, overthrow, throw down
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2015 ‑ הָפַךְ (haw‑vak');  2040 ‑ הָרַס (haw‑ras');  2498 ‑ חָלַף (khaw‑laf');  4049 ‑ מְגַר (meg‑ar');  4900 ‑ מָשַׁךְ (maw‑shak');  5287 ‑ נָעַר (naw‑ar');  5422 ‑ נָתַץ (naw‑thats');  5557 ‑ סָלַף (saw‑laf');  6275 ‑ עָתַק (aw‑thak');  7567 ‑ רָשַׁשׁ (raw‑shash');  
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KJV (2)
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LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
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LSB (3)
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N95 (3)
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


pf. κατέστραφα (trans.) Plb. 23.11.2:

Pass., fut. - στρᾰφήσομαι D.C. 42.42: pf. imper. κατεστρέφθω Epicur. (v. infr.): plpf. 3 sg. - έστραπτο Hdn. (v. infr.); 3 pl. - εστράφατο D.C. 39.5:

I turn down, trample on, ποσσί h.Ap. 73; turn the soil, X. Oec. 17.10; κάνθαρον κ. turn it upside down, so as to drain it, Alex. 115, cf. Sotad. Com. 1.33, LXX 4 Ki. 21.13; κατεστραμμένῳ τῷ ὀστράκῳ Arist. HA 622b8.


1. upset, overturn, τὴν πόλιν κ. Ar. Eq. 274; τὰς εἰκόνας D.L. 5.82; ruin, undo, βίον καὶ τέκνα καὶ πόλεις Plb. 23.11.2; τινα AP 11.163 (Lucill.): Pass., τὰ προάστεια κατέστραπτο Hdn. 8.4.8.

2. Med., subject to oneself, subdue, πολέμῳ Hdt. 1.64, cf. 71, al., Th. 3.13, D. 18.244, etc.; νόσον E. Hipp. 477; τοὺς μὲν κατεστρέψατο ἐς φόρου ἀπαγωγήν subdued and made them tributary, Hdt. 1.6: c. inf., Ἰωνίην κατεστρέψατο δασμοφόρον εἶναι Id. 7.51.

3. Pass., in aor. and pf., to be subdued, Id. 1.130, 68: plpf., Th. 5.29: c. inf., ἀκούειν σοῦ κατέστραμμαι am constrained to hear, A. Ag. 956: pf. Pass. also in sense of Med., Hdt. 1.171; πάντα κατέστραπται καὶ ἔχει D. 4.6, cf. X. HG 5.2.38, Isoc. 5.21.


1. of a floating solid, right itself, Archim. Fluit. 2.9 (Pass.). intr., return, εἰς ταὐτόν Arist. Pr. 921a26, cf. Mech. 856b17. turn round, direct, [ καταπάλτην ] train it on the enemy, Ph. Bel. 82.14; esp. towards an end, ποῖ καταστρέφεις λόγων τελευτήν; A. Pers. 787; οὕτω κατέστρεψεν ἡ τύχη ταῦτα, ὥστ' ἐναντία γενέσθαι τοῖς προσδοκωμένοις Din. 1.32; κατέστρεψεν εἰς φιλανθρωπίαν τοὺς λόγους guided the conversations to a friendly end, Aeschin. 2.39: hence, bring to an end, κ. τὴν βίβλον, τὸν λόγον, Plb. 3.118.10, 22.9.4 (Pass., ταῦτα μὲν αὐτοῦ κατεστρέφθω Epicur. Nat. 14.6); esp. κ. τὸν βίον Cebes 10, Ael. NA 13.21, Plu. Thes. 19,etc.; ὑπὸ τῶν πολεμίων Id. Comp.Sol.Publ. 1: abs., come to an end, close, Plb. 4.2.1; τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ -στρέφοντος Plu. Caes. 51; esp. end life, die, Epicur. Ephesians 3 p.61U., Plu. Them. 31, Arr. An. 7.3.1, Hdn. 5.8.10; κ. εἰς ἀπώλειαν end in.., Alciphr. 3.70; τοὺς λόγους ἐπὶ τὰ πράγματα -στρέφειν οἰόμενος Plu. Ph 4; ἡ ἡμέρα κ. εἰς ὥραν δεκάτην inclines towards.., Id. Sull. 29.

2. Rhet., metaph., λέξις κατεστραμμένη periodic style, opp. εἰρομένη, Arist. Rh. 1409a26, cf. Demetr. Eloc. 12, 21. screw or stretch tight, αἱ κατεστραμμέναι χορδαί Arist. Aud. 803a28.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καταστρέφω: 1 aorist κατέστρεψα; perfect passive participle κατεστραμμενος (Acts 15:16 T (WH, but Tr κατεστρεμμενος; cf. WH's Appendix, p. 170f));

1. to turn over, turn under: the soil with a plow, Xenophon, oec. 17, 10.

2. to overturn, overthrow, throw down: τί, Matthew 21:12; Mark 11:15; (τά κατεστραμμενος, ruins), Acts 15:16 T Tr WH ((cf. κατασκάπτω)); so Haggai 2:22; Job 9:5; Josephus, Antiquities 8, 7, 6; Anthol. 11, 163,6; (Diogenes Laërtius 5, 82.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατα -στρέφω ,

[in LXX for H2015, etc., Genesis 19:21, Jeremiah 20:16, al.;]

1. to turn down, turn over; as, the soil.

2. to overturn, overthrow: Matthew 21:12, Mark 11:15; pass. pf. ptcp., Acts 15:16 (LXX). †

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Syll 168.24 (iv/B.C.) Ἀλε [ξάνδρωι Θηβῶν ἐπικρατήσα ]ντι. . κ [αὶ ἄλλα δὲ τῆς οἰκουμένης μ ]έρη καταστρεψαμένωι δι [ετέλει ἐναντιούμενος ὑπὲ ]ρ τοῦ δήμου. The verb is used metaphorically in Vett. Val. pp. 662 ποιεῖ δὲ καὶ γυμνῆτας ἐπαίτας κακῶς τὸν βίον καταστρέφοντας, 8717 κακῶς δὲ τὸν βίον καταστρέφουσιν.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταστραφήσεται καταστρέφεται καταστρέφων καταστρέψαι καταστρέψας καταστρέψει καταστρέψη καταστρέψω κατεσκαμμένα κατεστραμμενα κατεστραμμένα κατεστραμμένη κατεστραμμένης κατέστραπται κατεστράφη κατέστρεψα κατέστρεψας κατέστρεψε κατεστρεψεν κατέστρεψεν kateskammena kateskamména katestrepsen katéstrepsen
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