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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1764 - ἐνίστημι

Transliteration
enístēmi
Phonetics
en-is'-tay-mee  
Word Origin
from (1722) and (2476)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
2:543,234
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to place in or among, to put in
  2. to be upon, impend, threaten
  3. close at hand
  4. present
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (7) NAS (7) HCS (7)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-FDI-3P 1
V-RAI-3S 1
V-RAP-ASF 1
V-RAP-ASM 1
V-RAP-GSM 1
V-RAP-NPN 2
V-FDI-3P 1
V-RAI-3S 1
V-RAP-ASF 1
V-RAP-ASM 1
V-RAP-GSM 1
V-RAP-NPN 2
V-FDI-3P 1
V-RAI-3S 1
V-RAP-ASF 1
V-RAP-ASM 1
V-RAP-GSM 1
V-RAP-NPN 2
NA WH
V-FDI-3P 1
V-RAI-3S 2
V-RAP-ASF 1
V-RAP-ASM 1
V-RAP-GSM 1
V-RAP-NPN 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐνίστημι,

I causal in pres., fut. and aor. 1 Act., and aor. 1 Med.:

1. put, place in, ἵππον ἐν λίθοις ἐνιστάναι X. Eq.Mag. 1.16; στήλας ἐνίστη ἐς τὰς χώρας Hdt. 2.102; εἰς αὐτὴν (sc. τὴν πόλιν) ἡνίοχον ἐνστῆσαι Pl. Plt. 266e; τοὺς ἱπποκόμους εἰς (i.e. amongst) τοὺς ἱππέας ἐ. X. Eq.Mag. 5.6: c. dat., ἱστὸν ἐνεστήσαντο μεσόδμῃ A.R. 1.563.

2. in Law, institute an heir, ἐ. κληρονόμους τοὺς υἱούς PMasp. 151.75 (vi A. D.).

3. aor. 1 Med., also, begin, ὅσαι τὸ πρᾶγμα τοῦτ' ἐνεστήσαντο Ar. Lys. 268; οὐδὲν πώποτε τῶν πραγμάτων ἐνεστήσασθ' ὀρθῶς D. 10.21; ὁ τοιοῦτον ἀγῶν' ἐνστησάμενος Id. 18.4; ἐ. τὸ πρᾶγμα, Lat. rem instituere, Arist. Pr. 951a28; ἀρχὰς τῆς γενέσεως Thphr. HP 7.10.4; ὀργὴν καὶ μῖσος πρός τινα ἐνστήσασθαι to begin to show.., Plb. 1.82.9; πρᾶξιν Plu. Arat. 16: c. inf., D.S. 14.53.

4. ἐνστήσασθαι τὸ μέγεθος determine the size, Ph. Bel. 50.29. Pass., with aor. 2, pf., and plpf.

1. Act.: to be set in, stand in, λὁχοις E. Supp. 896; ἐν τῷ νηῷ Hdt. 2.91: abs., πύλαι ἐνεστᾶσι ἑκατόν Id. 1.179, cf. Pl. Ti. 50d, etc.

2. enter upon, take possession of, ὁ νικάσας ἐν τὰν οὐσίαν ἐνίσταται τὰν τοῦ ἁλόντος Foed. Delph.Pell. 2 B 14.

II to be appointed, σοῦ ἐνεστεῶτος βασιλέος Hdt. 1.120, cf. 6.59; ἐς ἀρχήν Id. 3.68; ἐς τυραννίδας Id. 2.147.

III

1. to be upon, threaten, c. dat. pers., τοιούτων τοῖσι Σπαρτιήτῃσι ἐνεστεώτων πρηγμάτων Id. 1.83; τὸν πόλεμον τὸν ἐνστάντα σοὶ καὶ τῇ πόλει Isoc. 5.2; in war, press hard, τινί Plb. 3.97.1: abs., begin, [ τοῦ θέρους] ἐνισταμένου Thphr. HP 9.8.2; ἐνισταμένου τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ LXX 3 Ki. 12.24; to be at hand, arise, ὁ τότ' ἐνστὰς πόλεμος D. 18.89, cf. 139, Plb. 1.71.4; τοῦ πολέμου πρὸς Φίλιππον ὑμῖν ἐνεστηκότος Aeschin. 2.58: esp. in pf. part., pending, present, μιᾶς ἐνεστώσης δίκης Ar. Nu. 779, cf. Isa 11.45, D. 33.14; ὁ νῦν ἐνεστηκὼς ἀγών Lycurg. 7; so οὐδενὸς ἡμῖν ἐνεστῶτος πρὸς αὐτούς PStrassb. 91.21 (i B.C.); of Time, instant, present, τοῦ ἐνεστῶτος μηνός Philipp. ap. D. 18.157; ἡ ἐνεστῶσα κακία, ἀνάγκη, PPetr. 2p.60, 1 Corinthians 7:26; κατὰ τὸν ἐ. καιρόν Arist. Rh. 1366b23; ἀγαθὸν ἐνεστὼς ἢ μέλλον Stoic. 3.94; cf. ἐνεστάναι τὸν πάντα χρόνον ὡς τὸν ἐνιαυτὸν ἐνεστηκέναι λέγομεν Apollod.Stoic. 3.260.

2. esp. Gramm., ὁ ἐνεστὼς (sc. χρόνος) the present tense, Stoic. 2.48, D.T. 638.22, A.D. Pron. 58.7, al.; also ἐνεστῶσα συντέλεια the state of completion expressed by the perfect tense, Id. Synt. 205.15: also in aor., τοῦ ποτὲ ἐνστάντος when the moment has arrived, Plot. 4.3.13; τὰ ἐνεστηκότα πράγματα present circumstances, X. HG 2.1.6; so τὰ ἐνεστῶτα Plb. 2.26.3.

1. stand in the way, resist, block, τοῖς ποιουμένοις Th. 8.69; τῇ φυγῇ Plu. Lu 13; τῇ αὐξήσει Id. Rom. 25; πρὸς πᾶσάν τινι πολιτείαν Id. Arist. 3, cf. Mar 22: abs., stand in the way, Th. 3.23; in argument, ἐνέστηκεν ὃ νυνδὴ Κέβης ἔλεγε Pl. Phd. 77b; ὁ ἐνεστηκώς the opponent in a lawsuit, SIG 45.28 (Halic., v B.C.).

2. in Logic, object, τῷ καθόλου Arist. Top. 157b3; πρὸς τὸν ἔξω λόγον Id. APo. 76b26: abs., Id. Rh. 1402b24,al.; ἐ. ὅτι.. Id. APr. 69b6; ὡς.. Id. EN 1172b35, A.D. Synt. 176.23.

3. of the Roman tribunes, exercise the right of intercessio, veto, Plb. 6.16.4, Plu. TG 10,al. of fluids, congeal, freeze, ὕδωρ ἐνεστηκός Thphr. CP 5.13.1; become impacted in, ἐνιστάμενον ἐπὶ τὰ τοῦ στομάχου στενά (sc. γάλα) Dsc. Alex. 26.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐνεστως, see ἐνίστημι.

STRONGS NT 1764: ἐνίστημι ἐνίστημι: perfect ἐνέστηκα, participle ἐνεστηκώς (Hebrews 9:9), and by syncope ἐνεστως; future middle ἐνστήσομαι; to place in or among; to put in; in perfect, pluperfect, 2 aorist, and in middle (properly, as it were to stand in sight, stand near) to be upon, impend, threaten: 2 Thessalonians 2:2; future middle 2 Timothy 3:1. perfect participle close at hand, 1 Corinthians 7:26; as often in Greek writings (in the grammarians ἐνεστως namely, χρόνος is the present tense (cf. Philo de plant. Noë § 27 τριμερης χρόνος, ὅς εἰς τόν παρεληλυθότα καί ἐνεστῶτα καί μέλλοντα τέμνεσθαι πέφυκεν)), present: καιρός ἐνεστως, Hebrews 9:9; τά ἐνεστῶτα opposed to τά μέλλοντα, Romans 8:38; 1 Corinthians 3:22; ἐνεστως αἰών πονηρός in tacit contrast with τῷ μέλλοντι αἰῶνι, Galatians 1:4 (Basil., epistle 57 ad Melet (iii., p. 151 c., Benedict. edition) ὠφέλιμα διδαγματα ἐφοδια πρός τέ τόν ἐνεστῶτα αἰῶνα καί τόν μέλλοντα). (Many (so R. V.) would adopt the meaning present in 2 Thessalonians 2:2 and 1 Corinthians 7:26 also; but cf. Meyer on Galatians, the passage cited.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐν -ίστημι ,

[in LXX: 2 Kings 13:6 A (H5979), 1 Kings 12:24, 1 Esdras 5:47; 1 Esdras 9:6, Ezra 3:13; 1-4 Mac.9 *;]

to place in; in pf., plpf., 2 aor. and in mid., intrans.;

(a) to be at hand, impend, threaten: 2 Timothy 3:1;

(b) to be present: 2 Thessalonians 2:2 (but v. Thayer, s.v.); pf. ptcp., present: 1 Corinthians 7:26, Galatians 1:4, Hebrews 9:9; pl., Romans 8:38, 1 Corinthians 3:22 (Cremer, 309).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Contemporary usage makes it clear that in 2 Thessalonians 2:2 ὡς ὅτι ἐνέστηκεν ἡ ἡμέρα τοῦ Κυρίου, ἐνέστηκεν should be rendered as pointing to strictly present time, ";as that the day of the Lord is now present"; (RV) and not ";is at hand"; (AV) : see, e.g., the references to the current month and year in such passages as BGU I. 22.6 (A.D. 114) (= Selections, p. 74) τῇ δ τοῦ ἐνεστῶτος μηνὸς Φαρμοῦθι, P Fay 28.10 (A.D. 150–1) (= Selections, p. 82) εἰς τὸ ἐνεστὸς ι ̄δ ̄ (ἔτος) : cf. Milligan Thess. p. 97, Zahn Intr. i. p. 235. Add such passages as P Tebt II. 383.37 (A.D. 46) where certain shares are assigned to contracting parties ἀπὸ τῆς ἐνεστώσης ἡμέρας ἐπὶ τὸν ἅπαντα χρόνον, P Lond 1164(h).6 (A.D. 212) (= III. p. 164) ἀπὸ τῆς ἐνεστώσης καὶ ὑποκειμένης ἡμέρας, P Oxy I. 37i. 11 (A.D., 49) ἐνέστηι ἡ προθεσμία τοῦ δευτέρου ἐνιαυτοῦ, κα [ ] π ̣άλιν ἀπέλαβεν, ";the appointed day in the second year came, and again she received (her wages),"; and P Flor I. 1.6 (A.D. 153) τῆς προθεσμίας ἐνστάσης, so ib. 81.10 (A.D. 103). Mayser Gr. p. 371 collects many instances illustrating various forms of the verb.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ενεστηκεν ενέστηκεν ἐνέστηκεν ενεστηκοτα ενεστηκότα ἐνεστηκότα ενεστωσαν ενεστώσαν ἐνεστῶσαν ενεστωτα ενεστώτα ἐνεστῶτα ενεστωτος ενεστώτος ἐνεστῶτος ενστησονται ενστήσονται ἐνστήσονται enesteken enestēken enésteken enéstēken enestekota enestekóta enestēkota enestēkóta enestosan enestôsan enestōsan enestō̂san enestota enestôta enestōta enestō̂ta enestotos enestôtos enestōtos enestō̂tos enstesontai enstēsontai enstḗsontai
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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