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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2324 - θεράπων

Word Origin
apparently a participle from an otherwise obsolete derivative of the base of (2330)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. an attendant, servant: of God
    1. spoken of Moses discharging the duties committed to him by God
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1121 ‑ בֵּן (bane);  5291 ‑ נַעֲרָה (nah‑ar‑aw');  5650 ‑ עֶבֶד (eh'‑bed);  8334 ‑ שָׁרַת (shaw‑rath');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Hebrews 1
Hebrews 1
Hebrews 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

θερᾰπ-ων, οντος, ὁ,

dat. pl. θεραπόντεσσι Pi. P. 4.41; Aeol. θεράπων Sapph. 74, gen. θερράπονος An Ox. 2.242 (θεράπονος cod., cf. Hdn.Gr.2.302):

I henchman, attendant, Od. 16.253, etc.; companion in arms, squire, 4.23, etc.; ἡνίοχος θ. Il. 5.580, 8.119; τώ οἱ ἔσαν κήρυκε.. καὶ θεράποντε 1.321; θεράποντε Διός Od. 11.255; θεράποντες Ἄρηος Il. 2.110, etc.; Μουσάων θεράποντες h.Hom. 32.20, cf. Hes. Th. 100, Thgn. 769, Ar. Av. 909 (lyr.); Ἔρως Ἀφροδίτης θ. Pl. Smp. 203c, cf. Sapph. l.c.; worshipper, Ἀπόλλωνος Pi. O. 3.16, cf. Pl. Phd. 85a; Ἄρεος BMus.Inscr. 971 (Cypr., v B.C.): c. dat., οἶκος ξένοισι θεράπων devoted to the service of its guests, Pi. O. 13.3; λωτὸς.. Μουσᾶν θ. E. El. 717 (lyr.): c. gen., attending upon, τῶν ἀδίκως δυστυχούντων Gorg. Fr. 6 D.

II servant, Hdt. 1.30, 5.105, Ar. Pl. 3, 5, And. 1.12, Lys. 7.34, etc.; at Chios, slave, Eust. ad D.P. 533.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

θεράπων, θεράποντός, (perhaps from a root to hold, have about one; cf. English retainer; Vanicek, p. 396; from Homer down), the Sept. for עֶבֶד, an attendant, servant: of God, spoken of Moses discharging the duties committed to him by God, Hebrews 3:5 as in Numbers 12:7; Joshua 1:2; Joshua 8:31, 33 (Joshua 9:4, 6); Wis. 10:16. (Synonym: see διάκονος.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

θεράπων , -οντος , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H5650;]

an attendant, servant: Hebrews 3:5 (LXX)

SYN.: see διάκονος G1249.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this word, which in the NT is confined to the OT quot. in Hebrews 3:5, cf. BGU I. 361 iii. 18 (A.D. 184) ἐὰν μεταπέμψῃ Κρονοῦν θεράπ [οντα ] αὐτοῦ, μαρτυρήσει κτλ. In connexion with its LXX usage, Thackeray (Gr. i. p. 7 f.) has pointed out the interesting fact that it is gradually superseded in the later books by the less intimate and confidential terms οἰκέτης, παῖς, and δοῦλος, in keeping with the growing tendency to emphasize the distance between God and man.

The fem. θεράπαινα (cf. Rutherford NP, p. 22) occurs in P Giss I. 34.6 (A.D. 265–6) τὴν τούτ ̣ο ̣υ θε [ρ ]άπαιναν, P Oxy XII. 1468.13 (c. A.D. 258) θεράπαινα Θαῆσις.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
θεράποντά θεράποντάς θεράποντες θεράποντές θεράποντι θεράποντί θεράποντός θεραπόντων θεράπουσιν θεραπων θεράπων θεραφείν θεραφίμ θεραφίν therapon therapōn therápon therápōn
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