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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2776 - κεφαλή

Transliteration
kephalḗ
Phonetics
kef-al-ay'
Origin
from the primary kapto (in the sense of seizing)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
3:673,429
Definition
Thayer's
  1. the head, both of men and often of animals. Since the loss of the head destroys life, this word is used in the phrases relating to capital and extreme punishment.
  2. metaph. anything supreme, chief, prominent
    1. of persons, master lord: of a husband in relation to his wife
    2. of Christ: the Lord of the husband and of the Church
    3. of things: the corner stone
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1538 ‑ גֻּלְגֹּלֶת (gul‑go'‑leth);  4763 ‑ מְרַאֲשׁוֹת (mer‑ah‑ash‑aw');  5315 ‑ נֶפֶשׁ (neh'‑fesh);  6936 ‑ קָדְקֹד (kod‑kode');  7161 ‑ קֶרֶן (keh'‑ren);  7218 ‑ רֹאשׁ (roshe);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (76)
Matthew
12
Mark
8
Luke
8
John
5
Acts
5
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
10
Ephesians
4
Colossians
3
1 Peter
1
Revelation
19
NAS (75)
Matthew
12
Mark
8
Luke
7
John
5
Acts
5
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
10
Ephesians
4
Colossians
3
1 Peter
1
Revelation
19
HCS (75)
Matthew
12
Mark
8
Luke
7
John
5
Acts
5
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
10
Ephesians
4
Colossians
3
1 Peter
1
Revelation
19
BSB (75)
Matthew
12
Mark
8
Luke
7
John
5
Acts
5
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
10
Ephesians
4
Colossians
3
1 Peter
1
Revelation
19
ESV (66)
Matthew
10
Mark
6
Luke
6
John
5
Acts
4
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
10
Ephesians
4
Colossians
3
Revelation
17
WEB (78)
Matthew
13
Mark
7
Luke
9
John
5
Acts
5
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
11
Ephesians
4
Colossians
3
1 Peter
1
Revelation
19
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κεφᾰλή, ἡ,

I

1. head of man or beast, Hom. (v.infr.), Alc. 15, etc.; once in A., Th. 525 (lyr.), once in S., Aj. 238 (anap.), also in E., Fr. 308 (anap.), Rh. 226 (lyr.), al.; ἄλλου οὐδενὸς ἐμψύχου κ. γεύσεται Αἰγυπτίων οὐδείς Hdt. 2.39; κεφαλῇ.. μείζονες taller in stature, Il. 3.168; so μείων.. κεφαλήν ib. 193 Aristarch.: freq. with Preps., κατὰ κεφαλῆς, κὰκ κεφαλῆς, down over the head, κόνιν.. χεύατο κὰκ κεφαλῆς Il. 18.24, cf. Od. 8.85, etc. κατὰ κεφαλήν, κὰκ κεφαλήν on the head, Ἐρύλαον.. βάλε πέτρῳ μέσσην κὰκ κεφαλήν Il. 16.412, cf. 20.387, 475: in Prose, from above, X. HG 7.2.8: c.gen., above, κ. κ. τινῶν γενέσθαι ib. 7.2.11; τὸ κ. κ. ὕδωρ, of rain water, Thphr. HP 4.10.7 (- ὴν codd.), CP 6.18.10 (- ῆς): in Archit., upright, IG 22.463.42; also, per head, each person (cf. infr. 1.2), Arist. Pol. 1272a14, LXX Exodus 16:16; κατὰ κεφαλὴν τῶν κωμητῶν PPetr. 2p.17 (iii B. C.). ἐς πόδας ἐκ κεφαλῆς from head to foot, Il. 23.169; τὰ πράγματα ἐκ τῶν ποδῶν ἐς τὴν κ. σοι πάντ' ἐρῶ Ar. Pl. 650. ἐπὶ κεφαλήν head foremost, ἐπὶ κ. κατορύξαι to bury head downwards, Hdt. 3.35; ἐπὶ κ. ὠθέεσθαι to be thrust headlong, Id. 7.136, cf. Hyp. Fr. 251; ἐπὶ κ. ὠθεῖν τινα ἐκ τοῦ θρόνου Pl. R. 553b; ἐπὶ τὴν κ. εἰς κόρακας ὦσον Men. Sam. 138; εὐθὺς ἐπὶ κ. εἰς τὸ δικαστήριον βαδίζειν D. 42.12; οὐ βουλόμενος πολίτας ἄνδρας ἐπὶ κ. εἰσπράττειν τὸν μισθόν recklessly, Hyp. Lyc. 17; ἐπὶ ταῖς κεφαλαῖς περιφέρειν carry on high, in token of admiration, Pl. R. 600d.

2. as the noblest part, periphr. for the whole person, πολλὰς ἰφθίμους κ. Il. 11.55, cf. Od. 1.343, etc.; ἶσον ἐμῇ κ. no less than my self, Il. 18.82; ἑᾷ κ. Pi. O. 7.67; esp. in salutation, φίλη κ. Il. 8.281, cf. 18.114; ἠθείη κ. 23.94; Ἄπολλον, ὦ δία κ. E. Rh. 226 (lyr.): in Prose, Φαῖδρε, φίλη κ. Pl. Phdr. 264a; τῆς θείας κ. Jul. Or. 7.212a: in bad sense, ὦ κακαὶ κεφαλαί Hdt. 3.29; ὦ μιαρὰ κ. Ar. Ach. 285: periphr. in Prose, πεντακοσίας κεφαλὰς τῶν Ξέρξεω πολεμίων Hdt. 9.99: in bad sense, ἡ μιαρὰ καὶ ἀναιδὴς αὕτη κ. D. 21.117, cf. 18.153; ἡ κ. τῶν αὐτοῦ PRein. 57.8 (iv A.D.); μεγάλη κ. a great personage, Vett. Val. 74.7; cf. supr. 1 b fin.

3. life, ἐμῇ κ. περιδείδια Il. 17.242; σύν τε μεγάλῳ ἀπέτεισαν, σὺν σφῇσιν κεφαλῇσι 4.162; παρθέμενοι κεφαλάς staking their heads on the cast, Od. 2.237; τὴν κ. ἀποβαλέεις Hdt. 8.65.

4. in imprecations, ἐς κεφαλὴν τράποιτ' ἐμοί on my head be it! Ar. Ach. 833; ἐς τὴν κ. ἅπαντα τὴν σὴν τρέψεται Id. Nu. 40; ἃ σοὶ καὶ τοῖς σοῖς οἱ θεοὶ τρέψειαν εἰς κ. D. 18.290; ἐς κ. σοί (sc. τράποιτο) Ar. Pax 1063, Pl. 526; σοὶ εἰς κ. Pl. Euthd. 283e; τὰ μὲν πρότερον.. ἐγὼ κεφαλῇ ἀναμάξας φέρω Hdt. 1.155; οἷς ἂν.. τὴν αἰτίαν ἐπὶ τὴν κ. ἀναθεῖεν D. 18.294; τὸ αἷμα ὑμῶν ἐπὶ τὴν κ. ὑμῶν Acts 18:6.

II

1.of things, extremity, in Botany, κ. σκορόδου head (= inflorescence) of garlic, Ar. Pl. 718, cf. Plb. 12.6.4; κ. μήκωνος Thphr. HP 9.8.2; ῥίζα κ. ἔχουσα πλείονας tubers, Dsc. 3.120. in Anatomy, κεφαλαὶ τῆς κάτω γνάθου, prob. the condyloid and coronoid processes, Hp. Art. 30; ἡ κ. τοῦ ὄρχεως, = ἐπιδιδυμίς, Arist. HA 510a14, cf. Gal. 4.565; μηροῦ, κνήμης κ., Poll. 2.186, 188; of the base of the heart, Gal. UP 6.16; but, apex, Hp. Cord. 7; of the sac in poulps, Arist. PA 654a23, 685a5; of muscles, origin, Gal. UP 7.14. generally, top, brim of a vessel, Theoc. 8.87; coping of a wall, X. Cyr. 3.3.68; capital of a column, CIG 2782.31 (Aphrodisias), LXX 3 Ki. 7.16, Poll. 7.121. in pl., source of a river, Hdt. 4.91 (butsg., mouth, οἶδα Γέλα ποταμοῦ κεφαλῇ ἐπικείμενον ἄστυ Call. Aet.Oxy. 2080.48): generally, source, origin, Ζεὺς κ. (v.l. ἀρχή), Ζεὺς μέσσα, Διὸς δ' ἒκ πάντα τελεῖται τέτυκται codd.) Orph. Fr. 21a; starting-point, κ. χρόνου Placit. 2.32.2 (κρόνου codd.), Lyd. Mens. 3.4; κ. μηνός ib. 12. extremity of a plot of land, PPetr. 3p.72 (iii B.C.), PFlor. 50.83 (iii A.D.).

III

1. Ὁμηρείη κ. bust of Homer, IG 14.1183.10. κ. περίθετος wig, head-dress, Ar. Th. 258. metaph., κ. δείπνου pièce de résistance, Alex. 172.15.

2. crown, completion, κεφαλὴν ἐπιθεῖναι Pl. Ti. 69b; ὥσπερ κ. ἀποδοῦναι τοῖς εἰρημένοις Id. Phlb. 66d, cf. Grg. 505d; ὥσπερ κεφαλὴν ἔχουσα ἐπιστήμη Arist. EN 1141a19; consummation, σχεῖν κ. Pl. Ti. 39d.

3. sum, total, πάσας ἐρρηγείας Tab.Heracl. 1.36; of money, IG 12(9).7 (Carystus, iv B. C.), SIG 245ii 36 (Delph., iv B. C.).

4. band of men, LXX Job 1:17; right-hand half of a phalanx (opp. οὐρά), Arr. Tact. 8.3, Ael. Tact. 7.3.

5. Astron., κ. τοῦ κόσμου, of Aries, Heph.Astr. 1.1. (ghebh -, cf. κεβλή and Engl. gable.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κεφαλή , -ῆς , ,

[in LXX nearly always for H7218;]

the head: Matthew 5:35, Mark 6:24, Revelation 1:14; Revelation 9:7, al. mult.; fig., ἄνθρακες ἐπὶ τὴν κ ., Romans 12:20 (LXX); αἷμι , Acts 18:6; metaph., of a husband, c. gen., 1 Corinthians 1:13, Ephesians 5:23; of Christ, 1 Corinthians 11:3, Ephesians 4:15; Ephesians 5:23, Colossians 1:18; Colossians 2:10; Colossians 2:19; of things, κ . γωνίας , Matthew 21:42 (LXX).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the literal sense of κεφαλή it is sufficient to quote PSI V. 455.12 (A.D. 178) ἐφῖδον τοῦτον. . . ἔχοντα ἐπὶ τῆς κεφαλῆς τραύματα τρία, and P Lond 47.8 (ii/A.D.) (= I. p. 81) κεφαλὴν κομόωσαν ἐθείραις. Cf. also P Par 574.1226 (iiil/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 113) λόγος λεγόμενος ἐπὶ τῆς κεφαλῆς αὐτοῦ, ";an invocation to be uttered over the head (of the possessed one),"; and the Christian amulet BGU III. 954.6 (vi/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 133) κλίνω τὴν κεφαλήν [μο ]υ κα <τ >ενώπιόν σου. With Acts 18:6 we may compare BGU IV. 1024iv. 17 (end of iv/A.D.) ἐκδέξι το [ίνυν ] τὴην (l. τὴν) ἕως κεφ [αλῆ ]ς τ [ι ]μωρῖαν, and to McNeile’s ren–dering of Matthew 21:42 κεφαλὴν γωνίας, ";the furthest extremity (not ‘the top’) of the corner,"; a certain support is given by P Flor I. 50.83 (A.D. 268) ἐπ᾽ ἀπηλ ̣ι ̣ωτικῆ [ς κε ]φαλῆς πρώτης μερίδος, apparently = ";at the eastern extremity of the first division."; In P Oxy II. 273.18 (A.D. 95) κεφαλή is used of the ";whole amount"; of land that was being ceded; in Michel 588.16 (2nd half ii/B.C.) of ";the total expenditure";; and in Vett. Val. pp. 74.7, 292.11, .13, κεφαλὴ μεγάλη = πρόσωπον. The late P Lond 1075.19 (vii/A.D.) (= III. p. 82) gives us ἀνεγκἑφαλος used figuratively like our ";brainless,"; and an imprecatory tablet from Palestine (Bliss and Macalister Excavations in Palestine, 1902, p. 174, No. 34.8) shows a man calling down punishment on another—διὰ τὸ κεφαιλαλγεῖν με, ";because I am suffering from headache.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κεφαλαι κεφαλαί κεφαλαὶ κεφαλαίς κεφαλας κεφαλάς κεφαλὰς κεφαλη κεφαλή κεφαλὴ κεφαλῇ κεφαλην κεφαλήν κεφαλὴν κεφαλης κεφαλής κεφαλῆς κεφαλων κεφαλών κεφαλῶν kephalai kephalaì kephalas kephalás kephalàs kephale kephalē kephalḗ kephalḕ kephalêi kephalē̂i kephalen kephalēn kephalḗn kephalḕn kephales kephalês kephalēs kephalē̂s kephalon kephalôn kephalōn kephalō̂n
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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