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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4286 - πρόθεσις

Transliteration
próthesis
Phonetics
proth'-es-is  
Word Origin
from (4388)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
8:164,1176
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a setting forth of a thing, placing of it in view, the shewbread
    1. twelve loaves of wheaten bread, corresponding to the number of the tribes of Israel, which loaves were offered to God every Sabbath, and separated into two rows, lay for seven days upon a table placed in the sanctuary or front portion of the tabernacle, and afterwards of the temple
  2. a purpose
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4635 ‑ מַעֲרֶכֶת (mah‑ar‑eh'‑keth);  6187 ‑ עֵרֶךְ (eh'‑rek);  6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (12) NAS (12) HCS (11)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 2
Romans 2
Ephesians 2
2 Timothy 2
Hebrews 1
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 2
Romans 2
Ephesians 2
2 Timothy 2
Hebrews 1
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Acts 2
Romans 2
Ephesians 2
2 Timothy 2
Hebrews 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 4
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 2
N-ASF 4
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 2
N-ASF 4
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 2
NA WH
N-ASF 4
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 2
N-ASF 4
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πρόθεσις, εως, ἡ,

( προτίθημι )

placing in public; of a corpse, laying it out (cf. προτίθημι 11 ), Pl. Lg. 947b, 959a, 959e, D. 43.64 .

2. public notice, αἱ π. τῶν ἀναγεγραμμένων Arist. Pol. 1322a9 .

3. statement of a case, Id. Rh. 1414b8; ὑπέρ τινος τὴν πρόθεσιν ποιήσασθαι Id. Cat. 11a21; theme, thesis, Phld. Rh. 1.36, al. S.: generally, proposition, statement, D.H. Amm. 2.2.

4. πρόθεσιν ποιεῖσθαι ἐπὶ ταῖς . . προσόδοις to make payment in advance, IPE 12.32 A 41 (Olbia, iii B.C. ).

5. offering, PCair.Zen. 328.75 (iii B.C.), Gauthier et Sottas Decret trilingue (iii B.C.), Call. Fr. 1.13 P., OGI 90.48 (ii B.C.), UPZ 149.21, 31 (ii B.C.): esp. in VT and NT, οἱ ἄρτοι τῆς π. the loaves laid before, shew -bread, LXX 1 Samuel 21:6(7), Ev.Matthew 12:4; ἡ π. τῶν ἄρτων Ep.Hebrews 9:2, cf. Ph. 2.294; ἡ τράπεζα τῆς π. LXX 2 Chronicles 29:18 .

II purpose, end proposed, ἐπαινῶ σὴν π. SIG 22.14 ( Magn. Mae., Epist. Darei), cf. Philipp. ap. D. 18.167, Arist. APr. 47a5, Cleanth.Stoic. 1.131, Plb. 5.35.2, Arr. Epict. 1.21.2, etc.; π. βίων Adam. Phgn. 1.2; defined as σημείωσις ἐπιτελέσεως, Stoic. 3.41; κατὰ πρόθεσιν purposely, Plb. 12.10.6; τὰ κατὰ π. φύντα Ph. 2.144; τὰ κατὰ τὴν π. Plb. 1.54.1, cf. PTeb. 27.81 (ii B.C.) .

2. goodwill, π. ἔχειν πρὸς ἔθνος, ὑπὲρ τῶν πολιτῶν, Plb. 4.73.2, OGI 765.44 (prob. l., Priene).

III supposition, calculation, Plb. 6.32.1, 12.21.6 . Gramm., preposition, Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.45, D.T. 634.5, D.H. Comp. 2, A.D. Synt. 305.24, Pron. 64.5 .

2. prefixing, placing first, Id. Synt. 311.1, Pron. 58.16 .

3. π. καὶ πτῶσις perh. stem (or root ) and ending, Phld. Po. 2.18 . = cross προθεσμία, interpol. in Suid.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πρόθεσις, προθέσεως, (προτίθημι);

1. the setting forth of a thing, placing of it in view (Plato, Demosthenes, Plutarch); οἱ ἄρτοι τῆς προθέσεως (Vulg. panes propositionis), the showbread, the Sept. for הַפָנִים לֶחֶם (Exodus 35:13; Exodus 39:18 (); 1 Kings 7:48 ()), and הַמַּעֲרֶכֶת לֶחֶם (1 Chronicles 9:32; 1 Chronicles 23:29); twelve loaves of wheaten bread, corresponding to the number of the tribes of Israel, which loaves were offered to God every Sabbath, and, separated into two rows, lay for seven days upon a table placed in the sanctuary or anterior portion of the tabernacle, and afterward of the temple (cf. Winer, RWB, under the word Schaubrode; Roskoff in Schenkel see p. 213f; (Edersheim, The Temple, chapter ix., p. 152ff; BB. DD.)): Matthew 12:4; Mark 2:26; Luke 6:4 (οἱ ἄρτοι τοῦ προσώπου, namely, Θεοῦ, Nehemiah 10:33; ἄρτοι ἐνωπιοι, Exodus 25:29); πρόθεσις τῶν ἄρτων (the rite of) the setting forth of the loaves, Hebrews 9:2.

2. a purpose (2 Macc. 3:8; (Aristotle), Polybius, Diodorus, Plutarch): Acts 27:13; Romans 8:28; Romans 9:11; Ephesians 1:11; Ephesians 3:11; 2 Timothy 1:9; 2 Timothy 3:10; τῇ προθέσει τῆς καρδίας, with purpose of heart, Acts 11:23.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πρό -θεσις , -εως , ,

[in LXX: Exodus 40:4; Exodus 40:23 (H6187), 1 Chronicles 9:32, al. (H4635), 2 Chronicles 4:19 (H6440), 1 Maccabees 1:22, 2 Maccabees 3:8, al.;]

1. a setting forth (Plat., Plut., al.): οἱ ἄρτοι τῆς Papyri (cf. LXX, ll. c., elsewhere ἄρτοι ἐνώπιοι , Exodus 25:29; οἱ ἄ . τοῦ προσώπου , Nehemiah 10:33), Matthew 12:4, Mark 2:26, Luke 6:4; Papyri τῶν ἄρτων , Hebrews 9:2.

2. a purpose (Mist., Polyb., al.; 2Mac, l.c.): Acts 11:23; Acts 27:13, Romans 8:28; Romans 9:11, Ephesians 1:11; Ephesians 3:11, 2 Timothy 1:9; 2 Timothy 3:10.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
προθεσει προθέσει προθεσεως προθέσεως προθεσιν πρόθεσιν προθεσις πρόθεσις prothesei prothései protheseos protheseōs prothéseos prothéseōs prothesin próthesin prothesis próthesis
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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