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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4285 - προηγέομαι

from (G4253) and (G2233)
Parts of Speech
  1. to go before and show the way, to go before and lead, to go before as a leader
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1265 ‑ בְּרוֹשׁ (ber‑osh');  6040 ‑ עֳנִי (on‑ee');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (2)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


go first and lead the way, Hdt. 2.48, 7.40, X. Lac. 13.2, etc.; τινι for a person, i.e. guide him, τῷ θεῷ Ar. Pl. 1195, cf. X. Cyr. 2.1.1; π. τὴν [ὁδόν ] Id. An. 6.5.10; of troops, form the van, Id. Cyr. 4.2.27; π. πᾶσι [τοῖς ποσίν ] to have all in front, Arist. IA 714a4 . precede logically, τινος S.E. P. 1.210 .

2. c. gen., take the lead of, τῶν προόδων ἄλλους προόδους . . προηγεῖσθαι X. Eq.Mag. 4.5; π. τῆς πομπῆς Plb. 12.13.11; of the planets in retrograde motion, get ahead of, ἀπλανῶν ἀστέρων Gem. 12.22: later c. acc., ἀλλήλους π. τῇ τιμῇ Ep.Romans 12:10 : c. inf., προήγημαι τὴν τούτων ἐπίδοσιν ποήσεσθαι have taken the initiative in . ., BGU 1193.11 (i B.C.) .

3. of things, τὸ πῦρ μὲν ἀπὸ τούτων τῶν ἱερῶν προηγεῖται goes before, precedes, X. Lac. 13.3; ῥάβδοι π. ἑκάστῳ Plb. 6.53.8 .

4. pres. part. προηγούμενος, η, ον, going first, τὸ π. στράτευμα the van, opp. οὐρά, X. Ages. 2.2; preceding, foregoing, Phld. Ir. p.94 W.; γράμματα Plu. Pomp. 45 . Math., τὰ π. forward points, i.e. those lying on the same side of the radius vector of a spiral as the direction of its motion, Archim. Spir. 11 Def. 6; ἁ π. εὐθεῖα Id. Spir. 21,23. Astron., τὰ π. ζῴδια signs leading in the daily movement of the heavens, i.e. westerly signs, opp. ἑπόμενα, Gem. 1.5, Theo Sm. p.147 H., etc. τὰ π. initial data, premisses, Plb. 16.16.6, Arr. Epict. 1.20.1; σημεῖα Phld. Sign. 36; φαντασίαι M.Ant. 8.49; π. οὐσία τοῦ ἀγαθοῦ given, i.e. external to the soul, Arr. Epict. 3.7.6; τὸ π., opp. τὸ ἐπιγέννημα, ib. 7; τὰ π. originals of paintings, Arist. Mu. 396b14 . leading, principal, κατὰ π. λόγον according to a guiding principle, Zeno Stoic. 1.48; ὁ π. λόγος, τὸ π. ἔργον, Arr. Epict. 1.20.14, 2.5.4; σύν τινι προηγουμένῳ in conjunction with a purpose, Iamb. VP 27.131, cf. Plot. 4.4.8; χειρὸς οὐσία μὲν ἡ σάρξ, προηγούμενα δὲ τὰ χειρὸς ἔργα Arr. Epict. 3.7.24, cf. 3.22.76; ὑπηρετικὰ ἄλλοις, οὐκ αὐτὰ π. ib. 2.8.6; so in Math., π. θεώρημα leading theorem, opp. ἀντίστροφον, Procl. in Euc. p.254F. Medic., π. αἴτιον predisposing cause, Ath.Med. ap. Gal. 15.112, cf. 7.10, al.; π. αἰτίαι antecedent causes, Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.264 .

5. aor. part., -ησάμενος the former ἡγεμών, PLips. 63.6 (iv A.D.), etc.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

προ -ηγέσμαι ,

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 20:9 (H1265), Proverbs 17:14 (H6440), 2 Maccabees 4:40, al.;]

1. to go before as leader (in cl., c. gen., dat.): Romans 12:10 (Chrys., Vg., al.; v. ICC, in l).

2. In a sense not elsewhere found, ἀλλήλους προηγούμενοι = . ἡγούμενοι ὑπερέχοντας : Ro, l.c. (ICC, cf. 1 Thessalonians 5:13, Philippians 2:3 and EV "preferring").†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In Acts 22:25, its only occurrence in the NT, this verb seems to be used not of binding or tying with thongs (AV, RV), but rather of ";stretching forward"; with thongs, so as to cause a tense posture for receiving blows (see Field Notes, p. 136 f.) : cf. P Leid Wxviii. 32 (ii/iii A.D.) (=II. p. 145) ἰςτὸν βορρᾶ (l. εἰς τὸν βορρᾶν) τὴν μίαν πὺξ (l. πυγμὴν) προτί (= εί)νας, ";versus septemtrionem unum pugnum extendens."; For the derived meaning ";put forward,"; ";propose,"; cf. P Par 63.161 (B.C. 164) (= P Petr III. p. 32) ἀσμενῶς ἐπιδέξασθαι τὸ προτεινόμενον, ";to receive what is proposed cheerfully"; (Edd.), and OGIS 315.53 (B.C. 164–159-) χλῶρος δ᾽ εὐτονώτατος ἦν τὰ Ῥωμαϊκὰ προτείνων καὶ οὐθενὶ τρόπωι συμβουλεύων οὐθὲν ἄνευ ̔̓κείνων πράσσειν.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
προηγείται προηγουμενοι προηγούμενοι προηγουμένους proegoumenoi proegoúmenoi proēgoumenoi proēgoúmenoi
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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