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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4433 - πτωχεύω

Word Origin
from (4434)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to be a beggar, to beg, to be poor
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1809 ‑ דָּלַל (daw‑lal');  3423 ‑ יָרֵשׁ (yaw‑rash', yaw‑raysh');  7326 ‑ רוּשׁ (roosh);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAI-3S 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. -σω Od. 15.309: Ep. impf. πτωχεύεσκον 18.2:

to be a beggar, go begging,; ἀνὰ δῆμον 19.73, cf. Tyrt. 10.4, Ar. Nu. 921 (anap.), etc.; ἐπὶ ξενίας Antipho 2.2.9 .

2. to be as poor as a beggar, Antiph. 322, Pl. Erx. 394b .

3. metaph. c. gen., to be badly off for, πραγμάτων, of historians, Plb. 7.7.6 .

II trans., beg ( for ), δαῖτα Od. 17.11, 19 .

2. c. acc.pers., ask an alms of, φίλους Thgn. 922 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πτωχεύω: 1 aorist ἐπτώχευσα; (πτωχός, which see); properly, to be a beggar, to beg; so in classical Greek from Homer down; in the N. T. once, to be poor: 2 Corinthians 8:9, on which see πλούσιος, b. at the end (Tobit 4:21; the Sept. for דָּלַל to be weak, afflicted, Judges 6:6; Psalm 78:8 (; for נורַשׁ to be reduced to want, Proverbs 23:21; רוּשׁ to be needy, Psalm 33:11 ().

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(< πτωχός ),

[in LXX: Judges 6:6, Psalms 79:8 (H1809); Judges 14:15 A, Proverbs 23:21 (H3423); Psalms 34:10 (H7326), Tobit 4:21 *;]

1. to be a beggar, to beg (so chiefly in cl.).

2. to be poor as a beggar, to be destitute, poor: opp. to πλούσιος ὤν , 2 Corinthians 8:9.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
επτωχεύσαμεν επτώχευσαν επτώχευσε επτωχευσεν επτώχευσεν ἐπτώχευσεν πτωχεύσαι πτωχεύσει πτωχίζει eptocheusen eptōcheusen eptṓcheusen
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