Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4434 - πτωχός

Transliteration
ptōchós
Phonetics
pto-khos'
Origin
from ptosso {to crouch, akin to (G4422) and the alternate of (G4098))
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
6:885,969
Definition
Thayer's
  1. reduced to beggary, begging, asking alms
  2. destitute of wealth, influence, position, honour
    1. lowly, afflicted, destitute of the Christian virtues and eternal riches
    2. helpless, powerless to accomplish an end
    3. poor, needy
  3. lacking in anything
    1. as respects their spirit
      1. destitute of wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily give themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved them selves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure)
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 34 ‑ אֶבְיוֹן (eb‑yone');  779 ‑ אָרַר (aw‑rar');  1800 ‑ דַּל (dal);  2489 ‑ חֵלְכָא (khay‑lek‑aw', khay‑lek‑aw');  6041 ‑ עָנִי (aw‑nee');  6996 ‑ קָטֹן (kaw‑tawn', kaw‑tone');  7326 ‑ רוּשׁ (roosh);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (34)
Matthew
5
Mark
5
Luke
10
John
4
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
2
James
4
Revelation
2
NAS (40)
Matthew
5
Mark
5
Luke
12
John
4
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
2
James
7
Revelation
2
HCS (34)
Matthew
5
Mark
5
Luke
10
John
4
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
2
James
4
Revelation
2
BSB (34)
Matthew
5
Mark
5
Luke
10
John
4
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
2
James
4
Revelation
2
ESV (29)
Matthew
4
Mark
5
Luke
8
John
3
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
2
James
4
Revelation
1
WEB (34)
Matthew
5
Mark
5
Luke
10
John
4
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
2
James
4
Revelation
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πτωχός, ή, όν, also ός, όν A. Ag. 1274, S. OC 444, 751: beggar, Od. 14.400, 18.1, Hdt. 3.14, etc.; πρὸς γὰρ Διός εἰσιν ἅπαντες ξεῖνοί τε πτωχοί τε Od. 6.208, cf. 17.475; πτωχὸς πτωχῷ φθονέει Hes. Op. 26; π. ἀνὴρ ἀλαλήμενος ἐλθών Od. 21.327; π. καὶ ἀλήμονες ἄνδρες 19.74; πτωχοὺς ἀλᾶσθαι E. Med. 515; πτωχοῦ βίος ζῆν ἐστιν μηδὲν ἔχοντα, τοῦ δὲ πένητος ζῆν φειδόμενον Ar. Pl. 552: prov., πτωχοῦ πήρη οὐ πίμπλαται Call. Fr. 360: πτωχή beggar-woman, Ath. 10.453a (so πτωχός (fem.), S. OC 444 ); χήρα πτωχή Mark 12:42 .

2. metaph., οἱ π. τῷ πνεύματι Ev.Matthew 5:3, cf. Ev.Luke 6:20 .

II as Adj., beggarly, πτωχῷ διαίτῃ S. OC 751; π. στοιχεῖα Ep.Galatians 4:9 : c. gen., beggared of, poor in, [ πηγὴ] π. νυμφῶν AP 9.258 ( Antiphan. ).

2. Comp. πτωχότερος Timocl. 6.10; prov., π. κίγκλου 'as poor as a church mouse', Men. 221; irreg. πτωχίστερος Ar. Ach. 425: Sup. πτωχότατος AP 10.50 ( Pall. ).

3. Adv. -χῶς poorly, scantily, ἠροτρία π. μέν, ἀλλ' ἀναγκαίως Babr. 55.2 .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πτωχός , - , -όν

(< πτώσσω , to crouch, cower),

[in LXX for H6041, H1800, רָשׁ , etc.;]

of one who crouches and cowers, hence,

1. as subst., a beggar: Luke 14:13; Luke 14:21; Luke 16:20; Luke 16:22.

2. As adj.,

(a) prop., beggarly: metaph., στοιχεῖα , Galatians 4:9 (v. Lft., in l);

(b) in broader sense (opp. to πλούσιος ), poor: Matthew 11:5; Matthew 19:21; Matthew 26:9; Matthew 26:11, Mark 10:21; Mark 12:42-43; Mark 14:5; Mark 14:7, Luke 4:18; Luke 7:22; Luke 18:22; Luke 19:8; Luke 21:3, John 12:5-6; John 12:8; John 13:29, Romans 15:26, 2 Corinthians 6:10, Galatians 2:10, James 2:2-3; James 2:6, Revelation 13:16; Papyri τ . κόσμῳ , James 2:5; metaph., Luke 6:20, Revelation 3:17; Papyri τ . πνεύματι , Matthew 5:3.†

SYN.: πένης G3993, q.v.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
πτωχα πτωχά πτωχὰ πτωχη πτωχή πτωχὴ πτωχοι πτωχοί πτωχοὶ πτωχοις πτωχοίς πτωχοῖς πτωχον πτωχόν πτωχὸν πτωχος πτωχός πτωχὸς πτωχού πτωχους πτωχούς πτωχοὺς πτωχω πτωχώ πτωχῷ πτωχων πτωχών πτωχῶν πύγαργον ptocha ptochà ptōcha ptōchà ptoche ptochḕ ptōchē ptōchḕ ptocho ptōchō ptochoi ptochoí ptochoì ptochôi ptōchoi ptōchoí ptōchoì ptōchō̂i ptochois ptochoîs ptōchois ptōchoîs ptochon ptochón ptochòn ptochôn ptōchon ptōchón ptōchòn ptōchōn ptōchō̂n ptochos ptochòs ptōchos ptōchòs ptochous ptochoús ptochoùs ptōchous ptōchoús ptōchoùs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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