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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4679 - σοφίζω

Transliteration
sophízō
Phonetics
sof-id'-zo  
Word Origin
from (4680)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
7:527,1056
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to make wise, teach
  2. to become wise, to have understanding
    1. to invent, play the sophist
    2. to devise cleverly or cunningly
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 995 ‑ בִּין (bene);  2450 ‑ חָכָם (khaw‑kawm');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
2 Timothy 1
2 Peter 1
2 Timothy 1
2 Peter 1
2 Timothy 1
2 Peter 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAN 1
V-RPP-DPM 1
V-AAN 1
V-RPP-DPM 1
V-AAN 1
V-RPP-DPM 1
NA WH
V-AAN 1
V-RPP-DPM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σοφ-ίζω,

make wise, instruct, LXX Psalms 18:8(19).8; τινὰ εἰς σωτηρίαν 2 Timothy 3:15 .

2. Pass., become or be clever or skilled in a thing, c. gen. rei, ναυτιλίης σεσοφισμένος skilled in seamanship, Hes. Op. 649; Μοίσαι σεσοφισμέναι Ibyc. Oxy. 1790.23; so ἐν τοῖς ὀνόμασι ς . X. Cyn. 13.6: abs., to become or be wise, freq. in LXX, Ecclesiastes 7:24(23), al.; βέλτερος ἀλκήεντος ἔφυ σεσοφισμένος ἀνήρ Ps.-Phoc. 130 .

3. Med., teach oneself, learn, ἐσοφίσατο ὅτι . . he became aware that . ., LXX 1 Samuel 3:8 .

II Med. σοφίζομαι, with aor. Med. and pf. Pass. (v. infr.), practise an art, Thgn. 19, IG 12.678; play subtle tricks, deal subtly, E. IA 744, D. 18.227, etc.; οὐδὲν σοφιζόμεσθα τοῖσι δαίμοσι we use no subtleties in dealing with the gods, E. Ba. 200; to be scientific, speculate, περὶ τὸ ὄνομα Pl. R. 509d, cf. Plt. 299b, Muson. Fr. 3p.12H., etc.; σοφιζόμενος φάναι to say rationalistically, Pl. Phdr. 229c; καίπερ οὕτω τούτου σεσοφισμένου though he has dealt thus craftily, D. 29.28; σοφίσασθαι πρός τι to use fraud for an end, Plb. 6.58.12; οἱ ἰητροὶ σοφιζόμενοι ἔστιν οἳ ἁμαρτάνουσι when they deal in subtleties, Hp. Fract. 1; οἱ μυθικῶς σοφ . Arist. Metaph. 1000a18, cf. HA 582a35, D. 35.56; ς. πρὸς τὸν νόμον evade it, Plu. Dem. 27 .

2. c. acc. rei, devise cleverly or skilfully, Hdt. 2.66, 8.27, cf. 1.80; καινὰς ἰδέας σοφίζεσθαι Ar. Nu. 547; χαρίεντα καὶ σοφά Id. Av. 1401; ἀλλότρια ς . meddle with other men's craft, Id. Eq. 299; with internal acc., ἀνόητα ς . exercise one's skill without νοῦς, Pl. Hp.Ma. 283a, cf. X. Mem. 1.2.46; ὅσα . . σοφίζονται πρὸς τὸν δῆμον Arist. Pol. 1297a14; ἀλλ' αὐτὸ τοῦτο δεῖ σοφισθῆναι this is the very thing one must gain by craft, S. Ph. 77; οἶνον ἀπὸ τῶν φοινίκων ς . make spurious wine, Philostr. VA 2.6; πορφύραν παρὰ τῆς κόχλου Id. Her. 19.15: Pass., σεσοφισμένοι μῦθοι craftily devised, 2 Peter 1:16 . ς. νόμον evade it, Philostr. VA 2.40, cf. Ael. VH 2.41, Palaeph. 50, OGI 383.208 (Commagene, i B.C. ).

3. c. acc. pers., deceive, τὸν Τίτον J. BJ 4.2.3; μή με σοφίζου AP 12.25 (Stat. Flacc.); τὸν δῆμον Hdn. 7.10.7; also ς. τὴν αἴσθησιν Aret. SD 1.15 .

4. ' counter ' by a device, σοφίζεται τὴν βίαν τοῦ μηχανήματος J. BJ 3.7.20 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σοφίζω: 1 aorist infinitive σοφίσαι; (σοφός);

1. to make wise, teach: τινα, 2 Timothy 3:15 (Psalm 18:8 (); ἐσόφισάς με τήν ἐντολήν σου, Psalm 118:98 (); οὔτε τί ναυτιλιης σεσοφισμενος, οὔτε τί νηῶν, Hesiod, Works, 647).

2. Middle in Greek writings from Herodotus down, mostly as a deponent, to become wise, to have understanding (ἐσοφίσατο ὑπέρ πάντας ἀντρωπους, 1 Kings 4:27(31); add, Ecclesiastes 2:15, etc.; frequent in Sir.); to invent, play the sophist; to devise cleverly or cunningly: perfect passive participle σεσοφίσμενοι μυθοι, 2 Peter 1:16. (Compare: κατασοφίζομαι.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σοφίζω

(< σοφός ),

[in LXX chiefly for H2450;]

to make wise, instruct: c. acc pers., 2 Timothy 3:15 (cf. Psalms 19:8 (Psalms 119:98). As depon., -ομαι ;

(a) intrans., to become wise (1 Kings 4:27 (1 Kings 5:11), Ecclesiastes 2:15, and freq. in Sirach 7:5, al.);

(b) trans., to invent, devise cleverly: pass., 2 Peter 1:16

(cf. κατα -σοφίζομαι ).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";call together"; (Mark 15:16 al.) : cf. BGU II. 511 ii. 5 (c. A.D. 200) συνκα [λέσας συμβούλειον (?) . . . . . . . . . ], and P Lond V. 1711.53 (A.D. 566–573) a marriage contract in which along with other interesting conditions a husband promises his wife not to introduce any unsuitable person into the house—προσομολογῶ ἐγὼ ὁ σὸς γαμέτης μὴ συγκαλ ̣έσαι τινὰ ἀνακόλουθον κατ᾽ οἶκο ̣ν ̣ ἐπὶ σέ.

For ἡ σύνκλητος, ";the senate,"; cf. P Oxy I. 33 versoiv. 8 (late ii/A.D.) ἆρα ἡ σύνκλητος ἢ σὺ ὁ λῄσταρχος; ";was it the senate, or you, the arch-pirate?"; (Edd.) : cf. P Tebt I. 5.197 (B.C. 118) τὰ íι ý πορεῖα π ̣ρ ̣ο ̣̣ς τ ̣ὴν σύνκλητον, ";transport for the assembly.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσοφισάμην εσόφισάς εσοφίσατο σεσοφισμενοις σεσοφισμένοις σοφίζου σοφίζουσα σοφισαι σοφίσαι σοφισθήσεται σοφισθήσομαι σοφίσθητε σοφιστάς sesophismenois sesophisménois sophisai sophísai
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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