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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5593 - ψυχρός

Transliteration
psychrós
Phonetics
psoo-chros'  
Word Origin
from (5592)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
2:876,296
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. cold, cool
    1. of cool water
  2. metaph.
    1. cold i.e. sluggish, inert
    2. in mind: of one destitute of warm Christian faith and the desire for holiness
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7119 ‑ קַר (kar);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (4) NAS (4) HCS (4)
Matthew 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 1
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
A-GSN 1
A-NSM 3
A-GSN 1
A-NSM 3
A-GSN 1
A-NSM 3
NA WH
A-GSN 1
A-NSM 3
A-GSN 1
A-NSM 3


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ψῡχρός, ά, όν,

cold, χάλαζα, νιφάδες, χιών, Il. 15.171, 19.358, 22.152; ψ. χαλκός (as we say ' cold steel') 5.75: freq. of water, ψ. ὕδωρ Od. 9.392, Th. 2.49; ψυχρόν (without ὕδωρ) Thgn. 263; λοῦνται ψυχρῷ Hdt. 2.37; ἀναγαργαρίζεσθαι ψυχρῷ IG 42(1).126.30 (Epid., ii A. D.) (but τὸ ψυχρὸν also = cross ψῦχος, cold, Hdt. 1.142); ψ. ὥστε λούσασθαι X. Mem. 3.13.3: of the air, αὔρη ψ. Od. 5.469; αἰθήρ Pi. O. 13.88 (s. v. l.); νύκτες Th. 7.87; κυνὸς ψυχρὰ δύσις S. Fr. 432.11; ψ. βίος life in the cold, Ar. Pl. 263: esp. of dead things, νέκυς (opp. θερμὸν αἷμα) S. OC 622; of cold meats, Alex. 173.4, etc.; of a snake, Theoc. 15.58: Comp. -ότερος Hdt. 2.22, Pl. Phlb. 24b: Sup. -ότατος D.S. 1.41.

II metaph.,

1 ineffectual, vain, ἐπικουρίη ψ. Hdt. 6.108; ἐπαρθεὶς ψυχρῇ νίκῃ Id. 9.49; ψ. παραγκάλισμα S. Ant. 650; θερμὴν ἐπὶ ψυχροῖσι καρδίαν ἔχεις a hot spirit in a cold business, ib. 88.

2. of feelings, ψ. τέρψις, ἐλπίς, E. Alc. 353, IA 1014.

3. of persons, cold-hearted, heartless, indifferent, X. Cyr. 8.4.22, 23; ψ. καὶ μελαγχολικοί Arist. MM 1203b1; ἐκ σιδάρου κεχάλκευται μέλαιναν καρδίαν ψυχρᾷ φλογί Pi. Fr. 123.5; οὔτε ψ. εἶ οὔτε ζεστός Revelation 3:15.

4. of flat, lifeless, insipid productions, τὸν Παλαμήδην (the play so named) ψυχρὸν ὄντ' αἰσχύνεται Ar. Th. 848; σκῶμμα.. σφόδρα ψ. Eup. 244; ψ. καὶ ἀηδὴς [Μοῦσα ] Pl. Lg. 802d; ἕωλα καὶ ψ. D. 21.112; πρᾶγμα.. φρέατος.. ψυχρότερον Ἀραρότος Alex. 179, cf. Arist. Rh. 1405b34, Demetr. Eloc. 114, etc.: hence jokes in Ar. Ach. 138 - 140, Machoap. Ath. 13.580a; also of authors themselves, γίνεται ψυχρός D.H. Isoc. 3. Adv., ὁ δ' αὖ Θέογνις ψυχρὸς ὢν ψυχρῶς ποιεῖ Ar. Th. 170; σκώψαντι ψ. ἐπιγελάσαι to laugh at a feeble joke, Thphr. Char. 2.4; τοὺς γοῦν ψυχροὺς ψ. λέγουσι διαλέγεσθαι Pl. Euthd. 284e.

5. silly, γραϊδίοις ψυχροῖς ὁμιλοῦντες Jul. 89b. [Written ψυχθρός IG 12(5).1104 (Syros, ii A. D.); cf. conversely μάκρα for μάκτρα (ψυχρός orig. 'cooled by blowing' from ψύχω 'blow').]

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ψυχρός, ψυχρα, ψυχρόν (ψύχω, which see), from Homer down, cold, cool: neuter of cold water, ποτηρτιον, ψυχροῦ, Matthew 10:42 ((ψύχρω λουνται, Herodotus 2, 37); ψυχρόν πίνειν, Epict ench. 29, 2; πλύνεσθαι ψύχρω, diss. 4, 11, 19; cf. Winers Grammar, 591 (550)); metaphorically, like the Latinfrigidus, cold i. e. sluggish, inert, in mind (ψυχρός τήν ὀυργην, Lucian, Tim. 2): of one destitute of warm Christian faith and the desire for holiness, Revelation 3:15f.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ψυχρός , - , -όν

(< ψύχω ),

[in LXX: Proverbs 25:25 (H7119), Sirach 43:20, 4 Maccabees 11:26 *;]

cold: sc. ὕδωρ (cf. Theogn., 263; Hdt., ii, 37), Matthew 10:42; metaph., of indifferent persons, Revelation 3:15-16


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
ψυχρόν ψυχρος ψυχρός ψυχρὸς ψυχρου ψυχρού ψυχροῦ psuchros psuchrou psychros psychrós psychròs psychrou psychroû
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