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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5594 - ψύχω

Transliteration
psýchō
Phonetics
psoo'-kho
Origin
a primary verb
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to breathe, blow, cool by blowing
  2. to be made or grow cool or cold
  3. metaph. of waning love
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6979 ‑ קוּר (koor);  7849 ‑ שָׁטַח (shaw‑takh');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
Matthew
1
NAS (2)
Matthew
2
HCS (1)
Matthew
1
BSB (1)
Matthew
1
ESV (1)
Matthew
1
WEB (1)
Matthew
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ψύχω, Hdt. 3.104, etc.: fut. ψύξω Alex. 25.10, Arist. PA 653b4: aor. ἔψυξα Il. 20.440, Hp. Flat. 7: pf. ἔψῡχα Ps.- Hdn. Gr. in An. Ox. 3.256; but ἔψῠχα Choerob. in Theod. 2.73 H.: Pass., fut. ψυχθήσομαι Hp. Acut. (Sp.) 15: fut. 2 ψῠγήσομαι Matthew 24:12 (v.l. ψῠχήσομαι), Gal. 11.388: aor. ἐψύχθην Hp. Epid. 5.19, Pl. Ti. 60d, 76c, X. HG 7.1.19, cf. ἀναψύχω: aor. 2 ἐψύχην [] Ar. Nu. 151, (ἀπ-) A. Fr. 104, Pl. Phdr.. 242a; κατα-ψῠχῆναι Inscr.Magn. 103.55 (ii B. C.): later ἐψύγην Dsc. 1.55, Gal. 7.748, (δια-) PSI 6.603.11 (iii B. C.), cf. Moer. p.421 P.: pf. ἔψυγμαι Hp. Vict. 1.33, Pl. Criti. 120b, Alex. 124.15: breathe, blow, Ἀθήνη.. ἦκα μάλα ψύξασα Il. 20.440.

II make cool or cold (not necessarily by blowing), ἀπιὼν ἐπὶ μᾶλλον ψύχει (sc. ὁ ἥλιος) Hdt. 3.104, cf. Hp. VM 16 (v.l. for διέψυξε); opp. θερμαίνω, Pl. Phdr. 268b; θερμὸν ψύχεται Heraclit. 126; ψῦξον τὸν οἶνον Diph. 56, cf. Isoc. 15.287: Pass., grow cool or cold, Hdt. 4.181, Ar. Nu. 151, Pl. Phd. 71b, Arist. Pr. 931a1; οἶνον.. ψυχόμενον ἐν τῷ φρέατι Stratt. 57; of fire, to be put out, Pl. Criti. 120b: metaph., ψυγήσεται ἡ ἀγάπη will grow cold, Matt. l. c.

2. cool, refresh, θάλπουσα καὶ ψύχουσα, of a nurse tending a child, Trad.Adesp. 7.2: intr. in Act., seek the cool air, Nic. Th. 473, LXX 4 Ki. 19.24.

3. chill, torment, ἀμφάκει κέντρῳ ψύχειν ψυχὰν ἐμάν (Meineke cj. ψήχειν) A. Pr. 693 (lyr.); of death, ψύξει σε δαίμων τῷ πεπρωμένῳ χρόνῳ Alex. 25.10; ἀπαράμονοι καὶ ψύχοντες τὰς πρώτας πράξεις Vett.Val. 44.28; τοὺς γάμους Id. 116.7: Pass., ψύχετ' ἀμηχανίῃ A.R. 4.1527.

4. metaph. in Pass., to be frigid, Longin. 27.1.

III dry, make dry, δάκρυα δ' οὐ ψύχει γενέτης ἐμός IG 3.1335.13; ψ. τι πρὸς τὸν ἥλιον LXX Jeremiah 8:2 : air, ἱμάτια Arr. Epict. 1.18.13: Pass., X. Cyn. 5.3; οὗ τὰ σῦκα ψύχεται, gloss on τρασιά, Phot.: in Hom. generally of drying in the wind, opp. τερσήμεναι of drying in the sun, Sch. Il. 11.621. (Fr. signf. I comes ψυχή perhaps, but v. ψυχή: signf. 11 (and with it ψῦχος, ψυχρός, etc.) comes fr. signf. I: also signf. 111 fr. signf. 1.) [ always, exc. in aor. 2 Pass., v. Ar. Nu. 151.]

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ψύχω ,

[in LXX for H6979, H7849;]

to breathe, blow; hence, to make cool. Pass., to grow cool: metaph., Matthew 24:12.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
έψυξα έψυξαν έψυξεν ψυγησεται ψυγήσεται ψύξουσιν ψύχει psugesetai psugēsetai psygesetai psygēsetai psygḗsetai
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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