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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #813 - ἄτακτος

Word Origin
from (1) (as a negative particle) and a derivative of (5021)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. disorderly, out of ranks (often so of soldiers)
  2. irregular, inordinate, immoderate pleasures
  3. deviating from the prescribed order or rule
Used in Greek society of those who did not show up for work.
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Thessalonians 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄτακτ-ος, ον,


1. not in battle-order, of troops, Hdt. 6.93, Th. 8.105 (Comp.).

2. not at one's post, Lycurg. 39.


1. undisciplined, disorderly, θόρυβος Th. 8.10; ποιεῖν τὴν πολιτείαν ἀτακτοτέραν Arist. Pol. 1319b15; irregular, πυρετός Hp. Coac. 26; οὐδὲν ἄ. τῶν φύσει Arist. Ph. 252a11; φθορὰ ἄ. casual, Id. HA 556a12; of sensual excess, irregular, inordinate, ἡδοναί, Ἀφροδίτη, Pl. Lg. 660b, 840e; in Music, without rhythm, μελῳδίαι Aristid.Quint. 1.13; Medic., irregular, σφυγμός Gal. 8.458.

2. uncivilized, lawless, βίος Critias 25.1 D.

3. Math., ἄτακτα προβλήματα indeterminate, not admitting of a definite solution, Procl. in Euc. p.220 F.

1. Adv. -τως in an irregular, disorderly manner, of troops, ἀ. καὶ οὐδενὶ κόσμῳ προσπίπτοντες Th. 3.108; ἀ. διώκειν Id. 2.91; ἀτακτότερον προσπεσόντες Id. 6.97, cf. X. Cyr. 1.4.22, Hell.Oxy. 6.4; ἀ. φέρεσθαι Isoc. 1.32; οὐθὲν ἀ. θεῷ πράττεται Epicur. Ephesians 3 p.65U.

2. irregularly, of fevers, Hp. Epid. 1.7; ζῆν Isoc. 2.31.

3. Comp. ἀτακτοτέρως somewhat negligently, Demetr. Eloc. 53.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄτακτος, ἄτακτον (τάσσω), disorderly, out of the ranks, (often so of soldiers); irregular, inordinate (ἀτακτοι ἡδοναι immoderate pleasures, Plato, legg. 2, 660 b.; Plutarch, de book educ. c. 7), deviating from the prescribed order or rule: 1 Thessalonians 5:14, cf. 2 Thessalonians 3:6. (In Greek writings from (Herodotus and) Thucydides down; often in Plato.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** -τακτος , -ον

(< τάσσω ),

[in LXX: 3 Maccabees 1:19 *;]

out of order, out of place (Lat. inordinatus), freq. of soldiers not keeping the ranks, or an army in disarray (cf. 3 Maccabees 1:19); hence, metaph., irregular, disorderly (v. previous word): 1 Thessalonians 5:14.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

See the discussion of ἀτακτέω . For the adj. (and adv.) we may quote P Fay 337.16 f. (ii/A.D.) δεῖ τῶν [ἀν ]θρώπων ἄρχειν [τῶν ] πράξεων ἐκεί [νου ]ς δὲ εὐθὺς ἐφέπεσθαι , οὐκ ἀτάκτως μέντοι ἀλλ᾽ εἱμα [ρ ]μέ [νως : the document is a fragment of ";a philosophical work concerning the gods"; (Edd.). In Vettius Valens p. 336.28 ἄτακτον φάσιν ἢ βελτίονα , the antithesis suggests a markedly bad meaning for . The same implication underlies the subst. in p. 116.13 πολλὰ καὶ τῶν ἀτακτημάτων κρυβήσεται καὶ οὐκ ἔσται αἰσχρά —which they would have been but for the kindly influence of Jupiter. The next sentence identifies the ἀτακτήματα as secret intrigues which will not be found out. In Syll 519 (see under ἀτακτέω ), where four sets of ἔφηβοι and their σωφρονισταί get their meed of praise and garlands, εὐτ ]άκτους αὑτοὺς παρέχουσιν replaces the verb in one place out of three. BGU IV. 1056.13 (B.C. 13) διδόντες τὸν μὲν τόκον κατὰ μῆνα εὐτάκτως , ";regularly"; : so 1156.14 (B.C. 15).



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ατακτους ατάκτους ἀτάκτους ataktous atáktous
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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