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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5564 - סָמַךְ

Transliteration
sâmak
Phonetics
saw-mak'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1514
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to lean, lay, rest, support, put, uphold, lean upon

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to lean or lay upon, rest upon, lean against

1a2) to support, uphold, sustain

1b) (Niphal) to support or brace oneself

1c) (Piel) to sustain, refresh, revive

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 482 ‑ ἀντιλαμβάνω (an‑tee‑lam‑ban'‑om‑ahee);  2007 ‑ ἐπιτίθημι (ep‑ee‑tith'‑ay‑mee);  2186 ‑ ἐφίστημι (ef‑is'‑tay‑mee);  2476 ‑ ἵστημι (his'‑tay‑mee);  4317 ‑ προσάγω (pros‑ag'‑o);  4741 ‑ στηρίζω (stay‑rid'‑zo);  1991 ‑ ἐπιστηρίζω (ep‑ee‑stay‑rid'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (48) NAS (48) HCS (48)
Genesis 1
Exodus 3
Leviticus 14
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 2
Psalms 11
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 5
Ezekiel 2
Amos 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 3
Leviticus 14
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 2
Psalms 11
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 5
Ezekiel 2
Amos 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 3
Leviticus 14
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 2
Psalms 11
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 6
Ezekiel 2
Amos 1
BYZ TIS TR
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2488) kmx (סמכ SMK) AC: Support CO: ? AB: ?: The supporting of something by laying against or on it. [from: mx- setting up a support]

V) kmx (סמכ SMK) - Support: KJV (48): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) lay, uphold, put, lean, stay, sustain, hold, borne, establish, stand, rest, set - Strongs: H5564 (סָמַךְ)

bf1) ekimx (סמיכה SMYKH) - Covering: [Unknown connection to root;] [df: hkymV] KJV (1): mantle - Strongs: H8063 (שְׂמִיכָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 סָמַךְ48 verb lean, lay, rest, support (Late Hebrew id.; Phoenician in proper name Lzb317,329; Aramaic סְמַח, ; also Ethiopic () cause to lean upon, etc. Di335; Arabic is be high, ascend, raise, uplift, roof; —

Qal41 Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳ס Deuteronomy 34:9; Ezekiel 24:2, וְסָמַךְ consecutive Amos 5:19 +; 3 feminine singular סָֽמְכָה Psalm 88:8, suffix סְמָכָ֑תְהוֺ Isaiah 59:16, סְמָכָ֑תְנִי Isaiah 63:5, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיִּסְמֹךְ Leviticus 8:14; Numbers 27:23, suffix יִסְמְכֵ֫נִי Psalm 3:6, etc.; Imperative masculine singular suffix סָמְכֵנִי Psalm 119:116; Participle active סוֺמֵךְ Isaiah 63:5 3t.; plural construct סֹמְכֵי Ezekiel 30:6; Psalm 54:6; passive סָמוּךְ Isaiah 26:3; Psalm 112:8; plural סְמוּכִים Psalm 111:8; —

1. a. lean or lay hand upon (עַלֿ): Amos 5:19; elsewhere in sacred rite: on head of sacrifice victim, as those who share in sacrifice, Exodus 29:10,15,19; Leviticus 1:4 12t. Leviticus; Numbers 8:12 (all P), 2 Chronicles 29:23; so of Levites, presented to ׳י Numbers 8:10 (P); on head of blasphemer Leviticus 24:14 (P; as witnesses of his guilt); on head of Joshua in consecration (Moses subject) Numbers 27:18,23; Deuteronomy 34:9 (all P).

b. intransitive Psalm 88:8 thy wrath hath rested upon me (עָלַי); also סָמַךְמֶלֶךְבָּֿבֶל אֶלֿ Ezekiel 24:2 hath leaned against, rested his weight upon, Jerusalem, i.e. invested (Toy), begun the siege of it.

2 support, uphold, sustain, only figurative: with 2accusative Genesis 27:37 (J) with corn and must have I sustained him, provided sustenance for him, compare (of ׳י) Psalm 51:14; uphold Egypt Ezekiel 30:6; absolute Isaiah 63:5; especially of ׳י upholding, sustaining Isaiah 59:16; Isaiah 63:5; Psalm 3:6; Psalm 37:17; Psalm 37:24; Psalm 54:6 (on בְּ essentiae see Ges§ 119i, בְּ above 7a), Psalm 119:116; Psalm 145:14; so passive participle Psalm 111:8 they are sustained, i.e. maintained (׳י s commands), סָמוּךְ לִבּוֺ) Psalm 112:8 his heart is sustained, firm, and so ׳יֵצֶר ס Isaiah 26:3.

Niph`al Perfect 1 singular נִסְמַ֫כְתִּי Psalm 71:6; 3 plural נִסְמָ֑כוּ Isaiah 48:2; Imperfect יִסָּמֵךְ 2 Kings 18:21; Isaiah 36:6, וַיִּסָּמֵךְ Judges 16:29; 3 masculine plural וַיִּסָּֽמְכוּ 2 Chronicles 32:8; — reflexive support, or brace oneself, also with עַלֿ Judges 16:29 and he braced himself against (upon) them (the pillars); 2 Kings 18:21 (if) a man support himself on it (Egypt as a cracked reed) = Isaiah 36:6; on cheering words 2 Chronicles 32:8; on God Isaiah 48:2; Psalm 71:6.

Pi`el Imperative masculine plural suffix + בְּ instr,: סַמְּכוּנִי Song of Solomon 2:5 sustain (refresh, revive) me with raisin-cakes.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

סָמַךְ fut. יִסְמֹךְ

(1)  to place, or lay something upon any thing, so that it may rest upon, and be supported by it. סָמַךְ יָד עַל to lay the hand on any thing (die Hand worauf ftufüßen), so as to lean upon the hand, Exodus 29:10, 15 Exodus 29:15, 19 Exodus 29:19; Leviticus 1:4, 3:2 8:14, etc. Amos 5:19, וְסָמַךְ יָדוֹ עַל־הַקִּיר “and leaneth his hand upon the wall.” Intr. to rest upon any thing. Psalms 88:8, עָלַי סָֽמְכָה חֲמָתֶךָ “thy wrath resteth upon me.”

(2) to uphold, to sustain, to aid (Eth. ሰመከ፡) followed by an acc. Psalms 37:17, 24 Psalms 37:24, 54:6. Ezekiel 30:6, סֹמְכֵי מִצְרַיִם “those who help Egypt,” the allies of Egypt; followed by לְ Psalms 145:14. Part. pass. סָמוּךְ propped, upheld, i.e. unmoved, firm, Psalms 112:8; Isaiah 26:3. Followed by two acc. to sustain one with any thing, i.e. to bestow upon him liberally. Genesis 27:37, דָּגָן וְתִירשׁ סְמַכְתִּיו “I have sustained him with corn and new wine.” Psalms 51:14.

(3) to approach, followed by אֶל Ezekiel 24:2. (Syr. id. The signification of approaching is derived from that of resting upon, being contiguous; comp. Rabb. סמד to cohere, to be connected, near, סמיד near).

Niphal, to be propped, supported, Judges 16:29 to stay oneself, to rest upon, Psalms 71:6; Isaiah 48:2. Metaph. 2 Chronicles 32:8.

Piel, to stay, i.e. to refresh, Song of Solomon 2:5 (compare סָעַד). Hence pr.n. יִסְמַכְיָהוּ. and

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List of Word Forms
בְּֽסֹמְכֵ֥י בסמכי וְ֠סָמְכוּ וְסָ֨מְכ֜וּ וְסָמְכ֧וּ וְסָמַ֣ךְ וְסָמַ֤ךְ וְסָמַ֨ךְ וְסָמַךְ֙ וְסָמַכְתָּ֥ וְסוֹמֵ֖ךְ וַֽיִּסְמְכ֞וּ וַיִּסְמְכ֥וּ וַיִּסְמֹ֧ךְ וַיִּסְמֹ֨ךְ וַיִּסָּמְכ֣וּ וַיִּסָּמֵ֖ךְ ויסמך ויסמכו וסומך וסמך וסמכו וסמכת יִסְמְכ֣וּ יִסְמְכֵֽנִי׃ יִסָּמֵ֥ךְ יסמך יסמכו יסמכני׃ נִסְמַ֬כְתִּי נִסְמָ֑כוּ נסמכו נסמכתי סְמַכְתִּ֑יו סְמָכָֽתְהוּ׃ סְמָכָֽתְנִי׃ סְמוּכִ֣ים סַמְּכ֙וּנִי֙ סָמ֔וּךְ סָמ֣וּךְ סָמְכֵ֣נִי סָמְכָ֣ה סָמַ֤ךְ סָמַ֥ךְ סֹמְכֵ֣י סוֹמֵ֑ךְ סוֹמֵ֣ךְ סוֹמֵ֥ךְ סומך סמוך סמוכים סמך סמכה סמכוני סמכי סמכני סמכתהו׃ סמכתיו סמכתני׃ תִסְמְכֵֽנִי׃ תסמכני׃ bə·sō·mə·ḵê besomeChei bəsōməḵê nis·mā·ḵū nis·maḵ·tî nisMachti nisMachu nismaḵtî nismāḵū sā·maḵ sā·mə·ḵāh sā·mə·ḵê·nî sā·mūḵ sam·mə·ḵū·nî saMach sāmaḵ sameChah sameCheni sāməḵāh sāməḵênî sammeChuni samməḵūnî saMuch sāmūḵ sə·mā·ḵā·ṯə·hū sə·mā·ḵā·ṯə·nî sə·maḵ·tîw sə·mū·ḵîm semaChatehu semaChateni semachTiv səmāḵāṯəhū səmāḵāṯənî səmaḵtîw semuChim səmūḵîm sō·mə·ḵê sō·w·mêḵ soMech someChei sōməḵê sōwmêḵ ṯis·mə·ḵê·nî tismeCheni ṯisməḵênî vaiyismeChu vaiyisMoch vaiyissaMech vaiyissameChu vesaMach vesamachTa veSameChu vesoMech way·yis·mə·ḵū way·yis·mōḵ way·yis·sā·mə·ḵū way·yis·sā·mêḵ wayyisməḵū wayyismōḵ wayyissāmêḵ wayyissāməḵū wə·sā·maḵ wə·sā·maḵ·tā wə·sā·mə·ḵū wə·sō·w·mêḵ wəsāmaḵ wəsāmaḵtā wəsāməḵū wəsōwmêḵ yis·mə·ḵê·nî yis·mə·ḵū yis·sā·mêḵ yismeCheni yismeChu yisməḵênî yisməḵū yissaMech yissāmêḵ
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, August 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20
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