Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #6203 - עֹרֶף
1) neck, back of the neck, back
1a) back of the neck
1a1) of fleeing foe
1a2) of apostasy (figuratively)
1b) stiff of neck, obstinate (figuratively)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
עֹרֶף m. the neck of an animal, Leviticus 5:8 (Arabic عُرْفُ mane), of a man, Job 16:12, and so frequently. Observe the phrases
(a) נָתַן עֹרֶף to give the neck, i.e. to turn back, 2 Chronicles 29:6 and פָּנָה עֹרֶף־אֶל to turn the back to any one, i.e. to turn oneself away from any one, Jeremiah 2:27, 32:33.
(b) פָּנָה עֹרֶף Joshua 7:12, and חָפַךְ עֹרֶף Joshua 7:8, to turn the back, i.e. to flee, Syriac ܐܦܰܢܝܺ ܚܰܨܳܐ, and Pers. دشت دادن. Here belongs Exodus 23:27, נָתַתִּי אֶת־כָּל־אֹיְבֶיךָ אֵלֶיךָ עֹרֶף “I have made for thee the back of all thy enemies,” I have made them turn their backs, I have put them to flight. Psal. 18:41.
(c) קְשֵׁח עֹרֶף hard of neck, i.e. obstinate, see קָשֶׁה, compare the Lat. tantis cervicibus est, Cic. Verr. iii. 95.
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