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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3577 - νῶτος

Root Word (Etymology)
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1354 ‑ גַּב (gab);  1460 ‑ גֵּו (gave);  1975 ‑ הַלָּז (hal‑lawz');  3802 ‑ כָּתֵף (kaw‑thafe');  4665 ‑ מַפְרֶקֶת (mif‑reh'‑keth);  6203 ‑ עֹרֶף (o‑ref');  7926 ‑ שְׁכֶם (shek‑em');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


νῶτον, τό, or νῶτος, ὁ,

pl. always νῶτα, τά in early writers (οἱ νῶτοι LXX 1 Kings 7:19(33)): the gender of thesg. is undetermined in Hom. and Hes.; neut. in Pi. P. 1.28, 4.83, E. Cyc. 237, 643, Ar. Eq. 289, Pax 747, Antiph. 132.6 (anap.), and always in Att. acc. to Phryn. 257, etc.: acc. νῶτον is masc. in Hp. Prorrh. 2.[*] 0, 40, X. Eq. 3.3 (as cited by Hdn.Gr. 1.215), Arist. HA 512b17, 544a6, Ephor. 224J.:

I back, both cf men and animals: sg., of a man, Il. 5.147, 13.289, etc.; of a boar, φρίσσεινῶτον ib. 473; ν... ὄϊος καὶ πίονος αἰγός 9.207; of horses, ἐπὶ νῶτον ἐῗσαι 2.765; of an eagle, Pi. P. 1.9: pl. freq. used in Poets in sense of sg., δράκων ἐπὶ νῶτα δαφοινός Il. 2.308, cf. Od. 6.225, etc.: sts. in of the chine of an animal served as food, νῶτα βοὸς.. πίονα ib. 4.65; νώτοισιν δ' Ὀδυσῆα διηνεκέεσσι γέραιρεν 14.437, cf. Il. 7.321; of men in battle, τὰ νῶτα ἐντρέψαι to turn the back, i.e. flee, Hdt. 7.211; νῶτον ἐπιστρέψαι Orac.ib. 141; σν μὴ δῷς ν. μηδενί PTeb. 21.8 (ii B. C.); δοτέον τὰ ν. Plu. 2.787f; δεῖξαι νῶτα Id. Mark 12:1-44 (this phrase also of the winner in a race, AP 9.557 (Antip. Thess.)); πίπτειν ἐπὶ νώτῳ A. Supp. 91 (lyr.); κατὰ νώτου in rear, κατὰ νώτου γενέσθαι τινός Hdt. 1.9, 10; τὸ στρατόπεδον κατὰ ν. λαβεῖν ib. 75; κατὰ ν. βοηθεῖν Th. 1.62, etc.; κατὰ νῶτα Theoc. 22.84; back of the finger, Procop. Gaz. Ecphr. 168.11.


1. metaph., any wide surface, esp. of the sea, ἐπ' εὐρέα νῶτα θαλάσσης Il. 2.159, Od. 3.142, cf. Hes. Th. 762; ἐν νώτοισι ποντίας ἁλός E. Hel. 129; πόντου 'πὶ νώτοις ib. 774; also of the land, σχίζε ν. γᾶς Pi. P. 4.228, cf. 26; χθονὸς ν. E. IT 46; of the sky, ἀστεροειδέα ν. αἰθέρος Id. Fr. 114a p. Ar. Th. 1067 (lyr.); ἐπὶ τῷ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ν. Pl. Phdr. 247c; but ἕσπερα ν. the evening, i.e. western, sky, E. El. 731 (lyr.).

2. ridge of a hill or rock, Pi. O. 7.87, E. Hipp. 128 (lyr.); of a tomb, Id. Hel. 842, etc.; of a chariot, Id. Tr. 572 (anap.); of a saw, AP 6.204 (Leon.).

3. nave of a wheel, LXX l.c.

4. back of a page, Gal. 15.624; τὰ κατὰ νώτου POxy. 1725.9 (iii A.D.). (Perh. cf. Lat. νᾰτε ς.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

νῶτος, νώτου, (from root 'to bend,' 'curve,' akin to Latinnatis; Fick i. 128; Vanicek, p. 420), the back: Romans 11:10 from Psalm 68:24 (). (In Homer νῶτος ( the gender of the singular is undetermined in Homer and Hesiod (Liddell and Scott)), plural τά νῶτα; in Attic generally τό νῶτον, very rarely νῶτος; plural always τά νῶτα; the Sept. νῶτος, plural οἱ νῶτοι; cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 290; (Rutherford, New Phryn., p. 351); Passow (Liddell and Scott), under the word.)

STRONGS NT 3577a: Ξ [Ξ Xi, on its occasional substitution for sigma ς' see Sigma.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

νῶτος , -ου , ,

in Att.. most freq. τὸ νῶτον , and in pl. always τὰ νῶτα ,

[in LXX, ὁ ν ., pl., οἱ νῶτοι and τὰ νῶτα , chiefly for H3802, also for H6203, H4975;] the back: Romans 11:10 (LXX).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The phrase κατ᾽ ὄναρ which is found for the Attic ὄναρ sexies in Mt, is condemned by Photius (Lex. p. 149, 25 f.) as βάρβαρον παντελῶς : cf. Lob. Phryn. p. 422 ff. It occurs not infrequently in votive inscrr. but with the meaning ";in consequence of a dream,"; and not ";in a dream,"; e.g. Syll 780 (=.3 1147).5 (ii/iii A.D.) Οὔλπιοι Νείκανδρος καὶ Σωτήριος Ὑγείᾳ Σωτ [εί ]ρῃ Συνοδοι [πόρ ]ῳ κατ᾽ ὄναρ : see also Deissmann BS, p. 253. A new literary ex. of the word occurs in Herodas i. 11 οὐδ᾽ ὄναρ : cf. Cic. ad Att. i. 18. 6.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
νώτα νώτοι νωτον νώτον νώτόν νῶτον νώτος νώτου νωτοφόρων ξ ξανθίζουσα ξανθιζούσης noton nôton nōton nō̂ton
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