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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2588 - καρδία

Transliteration
kardía
Phonetics
kar-dee'-ah
Origin
prolonged from a primary kar (Latin, cor, "heart")
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
3:605,415
Definition
Thayer's
  1. the heart
    1. that organ in the animal body which is the centre of the circulation of the blood, and hence was regarded as the seat of physical life
    2. denotes the centre of all physical and spiritual life
    3. the vigour and sense of physical life
    4. the centre and seat of spiritual life
      1. the soul or mind, as it is the fountain and seat of the thoughts, passions, desires, appetites, affections, purposes, endeavours
      2. of the understanding, the faculty and seat of the intelligence
      3. of the will and character
      4. of the soul so far as it is affected and stirred in a bad way or good, or of the soul as the seat of the sensibilities, affections, emotions, desires, appetites, passions
    5. of the middle or central or inmost part of anything, even though inanimate
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 990 ‑ בֶּטֶן (beh'‑ten);  995 ‑ בִּין (bene);  2403 ‑ חַטָּאָה (khat‑taw‑aw', khat‑tawth');  3820 ‑ לֵב (labe);  3824 ‑ לֵבָב (lay‑bawb');  4596 ‑ מְעִי (meh‑ee');  5315 ‑ נֶפֶשׁ (neh'‑fesh);  6203 ‑ עֹרֶף (o‑ref');  7130 ‑ קֶרֶב (keh'‑reb);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (159)
Matthew
17
Mark
12
Luke
23
John
7
Acts
21
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
5
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
1
Ephesians
5
Philippians
2
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
11
James
5
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
1 John
4
Revelation
3
NAS (157)
Matthew
16
Mark
11
Luke
22
John
7
Acts
21
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
5
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
1
Ephesians
6
Philippians
2
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
11
James
5
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
1 John
4
Revelation
3
HCS (153)
Matthew
16
Mark
10
Luke
22
John
7
Acts
19
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
5
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
1
Ephesians
6
Philippians
2
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
11
James
4
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
1 John
4
Revelation
3
BSB (156)
Matthew
16
Mark
11
Luke
22
John
7
Acts
20
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
5
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
1
Ephesians
6
Philippians
2
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
11
James
5
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
1 John
4
Revelation
3
ESV (143)
Matthew
10
Mark
7
Luke
21
John
7
Acts
19
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
5
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
1
Ephesians
6
Philippians
2
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
11
James
5
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
4
Revelation
3
WEB (166)
Matthew
18
Mark
13
Luke
25
John
8
Acts
21
Romans
16
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
1
Ephesians
5
Philippians
2
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
13
James
5
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
1 John
4
Revelation
3
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καρδί-α, ἡ,

Ion. καρδίη, κρᾰδίη (καρδίη in Hom. only in καρδίῃ ἄλληκτον πολεμίζειν ἠδὲ μάχεσθαι Il. 2.452, al., καρδία always in Trag., exc. in some dact. and anap. verses, A. Pr. 881, Th. 781, E. Med. 99, Hipp. 1274); Aeol. κάρζα EM 407.21 (but καρδία Sapph. 2.6); Cypr. κορζία (Paph.), Hsch. (fort. κόρζα):

1. heart, ἐν δέ τέ οἱ κραδίη μεγάλα στέρνοισι πατάσσει Il. 13.282; κραδίη δέ μοι ἔξω στηθέων ἐκθρῴσκει, of one panic-stricken, 10.94; πηδᾷ ἡ κ. Pl. Smp. 215e, cf. Ar. Nu. 1391 (lyr.): esp. as the seat of feeling and passion, as rage or anger, οἰδάνεται κραδίη Χόλῳ Il. 9.646; τέτλαθι δή, κραδίη Od. 20.18, cf. E. Alc. 837; καρδίης πλέως full of heart, Archil. 58.4; of fear or courage, κυνὸς ὄμματ' ἔχων, κραδίην δ' ἐλάφοιο Il. 1.225; [ σφηκῶν ] κραδίην καὶ θυμὸν ἔχοντες 16.266; ἐν μέν οἱ κραδίῃ θάρσος βάλε 21.547, etc.; ὀρχεῖται καρδία φόβῳ A. Ch. 166; θερμὴν ἐπὶ ψυχροῖσι κ. ἔχεις S. Ant. 88; τὸν νέον τίνα οἴει κ. ἴσχειν; what do you think are his feelings? Pl. R. 492c; of sorrow or joy, ἐν κραδίῃ μέγα πένθος ἄεξε Od. 17.489; κ. καὶ θυμὸς ἰάνθη 4.548; ἄχος κραδίην καὶ θυμὸν ἵκανεν Il. 2.171, cf. 10.10, B. 10.85, etc.; καρδίην ἰαίνεται Archil. 36; κελαινόχρως.. πάλλεταί μου κ. A. Supp. 785; ὦ τάλαινα κ. ψυχή τ' ἐμή E. Or. 466; of love, Sapph.l.c., etc.; ἐκ τῆς κ. φιλεῖν Ar. Nu. 86; φιλέειν ἀπὸ κ. Theoc. 29.4 (but ἐρεῖν τἀπὸ κ. to speak freely, E. IA 475); λαλῆσαι ἐπὶ καρδίαν τινός speak kindly to.., LXX Jd. 19.3.

2. inclination, desire, purpose, ἔμ' ὀτρύνει κραδίη καὶ θυμός Il. 10.220; πρόφρων κ. ἐν πάντεσσι πόνοισι ib. 244; καρδίας δ' ἐξίσταμαι S. Ant. 1105.

3. mind, ὡς ἄνοον κραδίην ἔχες Il. 21.441; κραδίη πόρφυρε Od. 4.572; κραδίη προτιόσσετ' ὄλεθρον 5.389; εἰ θεάσῃ τοῖς τῆς καρδίας ὀφθαλμοῖς Corp.Herm. 4.11, cf. 7.2; διαλογισμοὶ ἀναβαίνουσι ἐν τῇ κ. Luke 24:38.

II cardiac orifice of the stomach, Th. 2.49, Hp. Prorrh. 1.72, Gal. 8.338, al.

III heart in wood, pith, Thphr. HP 3.14.1; = ἐντεριώνη, ib. 1.2.6; ἀρτεμισίας μονοκλώνου καρδίας ζ PMag.Berol. 1.245, cf. PMag. Leid.V. 13.24; λαβὼν βάϊν Χλωρὰν καὶ τῆς κ. κρατήσας σχίσον εἰς δύο PMag.Leid.W. 6.51. metaph., κ. θαλάσσης depths of the sea, LXX Ezekiel 27:4. Κ. Λέοντος, name of the star Regulus, Gem. 3.5. (I.- E. [kcirc ]d-, cf. Lat. cor(d)-, Lith. širdis 'heart', etc.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

καρία , -ας , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3820, H3824;]

the heart,

1. the bodily organ which is regarded as the seat of life (2 Samuel 18:14, 2 Kings 9:24, al.).

2. In a psychological sense, the seat of mans collective energies, the focus of personal life, the seat of the rational as well as the emotional and volitional elements in human life, hence that wherein lies the moral and religious condition of the man (DB, ii, 317 f.; DCG, ii, 3440);

(a) of the seat of physical life (Judges 19:5, Psalms 102:5; Psalms 104:15): Acts 14:17, James 5:5;

(b) of the seat of spiritual life: Matthew 5:8, Mark 7:19, Luke 1:51, Acts 5:3, Romans 10:9-10, Ephesians 6:5, al.; pl., Matthew 9:4, Mark 2:6, al.; opp. to στόμα , χείλεα , πρόσωπον , Matthew 15:8, Mark 7:6, Romans 10:8-9, 2 Corinthians 5:12; περιτομὴ καρδίας , Romans 2:20; ἐκ κ ., Romans 6:17, 1 Peter 1:22; ἀπὸ τῶν κ ., Matthew 18:35; ἐν ὅλῃ (ἐξ ὅλης ) τ . κ ., Matthew 22:37, Mark 12:30 (LXX); γινώσκειν (ἐρευνᾶν , δοκιμᾶζειν ) Τὰς κ ., Luke 16:15, Romans 8:27, 1 Thessalonians 2:4; to think, etc., ἐν τ . κ ., Matthew 9:4, Mark 2:6, Luke 12:45, Romans 10:6; συνιέναι (νοεῖν ) τῇ κ ., Matthew 13:15, John 12:40; ἐπαχύνθη ἡ κ ., Matthew 13:15 (LXX); πωροῦν τὴν κ ., John 12:40; κ . εὐθεῖα , Acts 8:21; πονηρά , Hebrews 3:12; ἀμετανόητος , Romans 2:5; εἶναι (ἔχειν ) ἐν τῇ κ ., 2 Corinthians 7:3, Philippians 1:7; ὀδύνη τῇ κ ., Romans 9:2.

3. Of the central or innermost part of anything (of the pith of wood, Arist.): τ . γῆς , Matthew 12:40 (Cremer, 343 ff.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In the magic P Lond 46.157 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 70) we read of—καρδία περιεζωσμένη ὄφιν. With Luke 24:32 we may compare ib. 121.472 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 99) καιομένην τὴν ψυχὴν καὶ τὴν καρδίαν. The same conjunction of ψυχή and καρδία (cf. Matthew 22:37 al.) is seen in the imprecatory tablet Wünsch AF 3.15 (Imperial age) στρέβλωσον (cf. 2 Peter 3:16) αὐτῶν τὴν ψυχὴν καὶ τὴν καρδίαν. The new Logion 3 (P Oxy I. p. 3) πονεῖ ή ψυχή μου ἐπὶ τοῖς υἱοῖς τῶν ἀνθρώπων, ὅτι τυφλοί εἰσιν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὐτῶ [ν offers an interesting parallel to Ephesians 1:18.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καρδια καρδία καρδίᾳ καρδιαι καρδίαι καρδιαις καρδίαις καρδιαν καρδίαν καρδιας καρδίας καρδιων καρδιών καρδιῶν του kardia kardía kardiai kardíai kardíāi kardiais kardíais kardian kardían kardias kardías kardion kardiôn kardiōn kardiō̂n
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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