the Fourth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6203 - עֹרֶף
1) neck, back of the neck, back
1a) back of the neck
1a1) of fleeing foe
1a2) of apostasy (figuratively)
1b) stiff of neck, obstinate (figuratively)
2580) pro (אהרפ AhRP) AC: Behead CO: Neck AB: ?: [from: ro- as the neck is exposed skin] (eng: giraffe; scruff - of the neck and the additional s)
V) pro (אהרפ AhRP) - Behead: To severe the neck from the body or to break the neck. KJV (6): (vf: Paal) neck, strike, behead, cut - Strongs: H6202 (עָרַף)
Nm) pro (אהרפ AhRP) - Neck: KJV (33): neck, back - Strongs: H6203 (עֹרֶף)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 back of neck of fleeing foe ׳וגו׳יָָֽדְךָ בְּע Genesis 49:8 (poem in J), compare וְאָחַזבְּעָרְמִּי Job 16:12 (figurative); Exodus 23:27 (E), Psalm 18:41 = 2 Samuel 22:41; turn (הָפַח, מָּנָה) one's back before (לִפְנֵי) a foe Joshua 7:8,12 (JE), absolute Jeremiah 48:39; figurative of apostasy אֶל׳מָּנָה ע Jeremiah 2:27; Jeremiah 32:33 (opposed to מָּנָה פָנִים) absolute ׳וַיִּתְּנּוּ ע 2 Chronicles 29:6; of ׳י s disfavour וְלֹא פָנִים אֶרְאֵם׳ע Jeremiah 18:17 with the back and not the face will I look at them.
2 figurative in ׳קְשֵׁהעֿ stiff of neck, i.e. obstinate, of Israel Exodus 32:8; Exodus 33:3,5; Exodus 34:9 (all J E), Deuteronomy 9:6,13; עָרְמְּךָ הַקָּשֶׁה Deuteronomy 31:27; with verb ׳הִקְשָׁה ע i.e. be obstinate, intractable Deuteronomy 10:16; Jeremiah 7:26; Jeremiah 17:23; Jeremiah 19:15; 2 Kings 17:14 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 9:16,17,29; 2 Chronicles 30:8; compare ׳גִּיד בַּרְזֶל ע Isaiah 48:4 ("" קָשֶׁה אָ֑תָּה); ׳הִקְשָׁה ע of individual 2 Chronicles 36:13; Proverbs 29:1.
3 of bird: nip its headמִמּוּל עָרְמּוֺ Leviticus 5:8 (P).
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עֹרֶף m. the neck of an animal, Leviticus 5:8 (Arabic عُرْفُ mane), of a man, Job 16:12, and so frequently. Observe the phrases
(a) נָתַן עֹרֶף to give the neck, i.e. to turn back, 2 Chronicles 29:6 and פָּנָה עֹרֶף־אֶל to turn the back to any one, i.e. to turn oneself away from any one, Jeremiah 2:27, 32:33.
(b) פָּנָה עֹרֶף Joshua 7:12, and חָפַךְ עֹרֶף Joshua 7:8, to turn the back, i.e. to flee, Syriac ܐܦܰܢܝܺ ܚܰܨܳܐ, and Pers. دشت دادن. Here belongs Exodus 23:27, נָתַתִּי אֶת־כָּל־אֹיְבֶיךָ אֵלֶיךָ עֹרֶף “I have made for thee the back of all thy enemies,” I have made them turn their backs, I have put them to flight. Psal. 18:41.
(c) קְשֵׁח עֹרֶף hard of neck, i.e. obstinate, see קָשֶׁה, compare the Lat. tantis cervicibus est, Cic. Verr. iii. 95.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.