corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.11.16
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Study the Bible

New King James
Hebrews 1:4

having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Abbott's New Testament;   A.W. Pinks's Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Coffman Commentaries;   Barne's Notes;   Box's Commentaries on Selected Books;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Calvin's Commentary;   Cambridge Greek Testament;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Daily Study Bible;   Darby's Synopsis;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Expositor's Greek Testament;   Family Bible New Testament;   Hole's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Godbey's NT Commentary;   Gary Hampton Commentary;   Everett's Study Notes;   Geneva Study Bible;   Alford's Commentary;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Mahan's Commentary;   The Bible Study New Testament;   Ironside's Notes;   Bengel's Gnomon;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   Gray's Commentary;   Owen Exposition of Hebrews;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Wells of Living Water;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   People's New Testament;   Benson's Commentary;   Robertson's Word Pictures;   Sermon Bible;   Schaff's New Testament Commentary;   Spurgeon's Verse Expositions;   Scofield's Notes;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Vincent's Studies;   Burkitt's Notes;   Wesley's Notes;   Whedon's Commentary;   Zerr's N.T. Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - Angel (a Spirit);   Scofield Reference Index - Angels;   Summary;   Thompson Chain Reference - Better;   Christ;   Dispensation, New;   Divinity;   Divinity-Humanity;   Name;   New;   Preeminence;   Wonderful;   The Topic Concordance - Jesus Christ;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Preciousness of Christ;  

Dictionaries:

- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Birthright;   Exodus;   Firstborn;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - God;   Inheritance;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Universalists;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Angel;   Birthright;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Heir;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ascension of Christ;   Christ, Christology;   Cross, Crucifixion;   Hebrews;   History;   Word;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Canon of the New Testament;   Grace;   Hebrews, Epistle to;   Logos;   Plain;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Angels;   Evolution (Christ and);   Hebrews Epistle to the;   Heir;   Logos;   Lots;   Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs;   Transfiguration (2);   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Birthright;   God;   Jehu;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Name;  

Encyclopedias:

- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ascension;   Excellent;   Hebrews, Epistle to the;   Inheritance;   Nahum, the Book of;   Person of Christ;   Priest;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Angels;   Birthright;  

Devotionals:

- Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for April 25;   Every Day Light - Devotion for December 2;  

Parallel Translations

The Amplified Bible
[Taking a place and rank by which] He Himself became as much superior to angels as the glorious Name (title) which He has inherited is different from and more excellent than theirs.

The Complete Jewish Bible
So he has become much better than angels, and the name God has given him is superior to theirs.

American Standard Version
having become by so much better than the angels, as he hath inherited a more excellent name than they.

Bible in Basic English
Having become by so much better than the angels, as the name which is his heritage is more noble than theirs.

English Revised Version
having become by so much better than the angels, as he hath inherited a more excellent name than they.

Contemporary English Version
He had become much greater than the angels, and the name he was given is far greater than any of theirs.

English Standard Version
having become as much superior to angels as the name he has inherited is more excellent than theirs.

Darby's Translation
taking a place by so much better than the angels, as he inherits a name more excellent than they.

Easy-to-Read Version
God gave him a name that is a much greater name than any of the angels have. And he became that much greater than the angels.

The Geneva Bible (1587)
And is made so much more excellent then the Angels, in as much as hee hath obteined a more excellent Name then they.

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
Beyng so much more excellent then the Angels, as he hath by inheritaunce obtayned a more excellent name then they.

King James Version (1611)
Being made so much better then the Angels, as hee hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent Name then they.

New Revised Standard
having become as much superior to angels as the name he has inherited is more excellent than theirs.

New Century Version
The Son became much greater than the angels, and God gave him a name that is much greater than theirs.

James Murdock Translation of the Peshitta
And he is altogether superior to the angels, as he hath also inherited a name which excelleth theirs.

Wesley's New Testament (1755)
Being made so much higher than the angels, as he hath by inheritance a more excellent name than they.

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
And he is altogether greater than the angels, just as the name he has inherited is a more excellent name than theirs.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Being made so much better than the angels as he hath inherited a more excellent name than they.

Good News Translation
The Son was made greater than the angels, just as the name that God gave him is greater than theirs.

Holman Christian Standard
So He became higher in rank than the angels, just as the name He inherited is superior to theirs.

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
beynge eue as moch more excellet the ye angels, as he hath optayned a more excellet name then they.

Mace New Testament (1729)
He is so much superiour to the angels, as the authority he possesses is more excellent than theirs.

J.P. Green Literal Translation
having become so much better than the angels, He has inherited a name more excellent than they.

New Living Translation
This shows that God's Son is far greater than the angels, just as the name God gave him is far greater than their names.

New International Version
So he became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is superior to theirs.

King James Version
Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

New American Standard Version
having become as much better than the angels, as He has inherited a more excellent name than they.

New Life Version
The Son of God was made greater and better than the angels. God gave Him a greater name than theirs.

Hebrew Names Version
having become so much better than the angels, as he has inherited a more excellent name than they have.

International Standard Version
and became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is better than theirs.

John Etheridge Translation of the Peshitta
And this (person) is altogether more excellent than the angels, by so much as the name he hath inherited (is) more excellent than theirs.

The Emphasised Bible
By so much becoming superior to the messengers, by as much as, going beyond them, he hath inherited a more distinguished name.

Revised Standard Version
having become as much superior to angels as the name he has obtained is more excellent than theirs.

Tyndale Bible
and is more excellent then the angels in as moche as he hath by inheritaunce obteyned an excellenter name then have they.

Updated Bible Version 1.9
having become by so much better than the angels, as he has inherited a more excellent name than they.

The Webster Bible
Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

World English Bible
having become so much better than the angels, as he has inherited a more excellent name than they have.

Weymouth New Testament
having become as far superior to the angels as the Name He possesses by inheritance is more excellent than theirs.

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
and so myche is maad betere than aungels, bi hou myche he hath eneritid a more dyuerse name bifor hem.

Young's Literal Translation
having become so much better than the messengers, as he did inherit a more excellent name than they.

The Message
far higher than any angel in rank and rule.

Lexham English Bible
having become by so much better than the angels, by as much as he has inherited a more excellent name than theirs. The Son Superior to the Angels

Contextual Overview

4having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. 5For to which of the angels did He ever say: "You are My Son, Today I have begotten You"? And again: "I will be to Him a Father, And He shall be to Me a Son"? 6But when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says: "Let all the angels of God worship Him." 7And of the angels He says: "Who makes His angels spirits And His ministers a flame of fire." 8But to the Son He says: "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom. 9You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness more than Your companions." 10And: "You, LORD, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the work of Your hands. 11They will perish, but You remain; And they will all grow old like a garment; 12Like a cloak You will fold them up, And they will be changed. But You are the same, And Your years will not fail." 13But to which of the angels has He ever said: "Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool"?

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
so
9; 2:9; Ephesians 1:21; Colossians 1:18; 2:10; 2 Thessalonians 1:7; 1 Peter 3:22; Revelation 5:11,12
by
Psalms 2:7,8; Philippians 2:9-11

Cross-References

Genesis 1:10
And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas. And God saw that it was good.

Genesis 1:12
And the earth brought forth grass, the herb that yields seed according to its kind, and the tree that yields fruit, whose seed is in itself according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

Genesis 1:18
and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good.

Genesis 1:25
And God made the beast of the earth according to its kind, cattle according to its kind, and everything that creeps on the earth according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

Genesis 1:31
Then God saw everything that He had made, and indeed it was very good. So the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

Ecclesiastes 2:13
Then I saw that wisdom excels folly As light excels darkness.

Ecclesiastes 11:7
Truly the light is sweet, And it is pleasant for the eyes to behold the sun;

Gill's Notes on the Bible

Being made so much better than the angels,.... Christ is so much better than the angels, as the Creator, than the creature; as an independent being, than a dependent one; as he that blesses, than he that is blessed; as he that is worshipped, than he that worships: as a king, than his subjects; as a master, than his servants; and as he that sends, than he that is sent: and Christ may be said to be "made so", when he was manifested and declared to be so; and he was actually preferred to them, and exalted above them in human nature, after he had expiated the sins of his people, and when he was set down at the right hand of God, as in the latter part of the preceding verse, with which these words stand connected; for in his state of humiliation, and through his sufferings and death, he was made lower than they; but when he was risen from the dead, and ascended to heaven, he was placed at the right hand of God, where none of them ever was, or ever will be: besides, the phrase, "being made", signifies no more than that "he was"; and so the Syriac version renders it, "and he was so much better than the angels"; and so the Ethiopic version, "he is so much better": and this is observed, to prove him to be more excellent than any creature, since he is preferred to the most excellent of creatures; and to show, that the Gospel dispensation is superior to the legal dispensation, which was introduced by the ministration of angels; and to take off the Jews from the worship of angels, to which they were prone: and this doctrine of his could not be well denied by them, since it was the faith of the Jewish church, that the Messiah should be preferred to the angels: for in their ancient writings they say of him, he shall be exalted above Abraham, he shall be lifted up above Moses, and be higher than the ministering angels; and that he is above them, appears from what follows,

as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they; which is that of the Son of God, a name peculiar to him; and which belongs to him in such a sense as it does not to angels, as is evident from the following verse: and though this name is not founded on his office, as Mediator, but arises from his nature and relation to God; yet he was declared to be the Son of God, and it was made manifest, that this name of right belonged to him, upon the discharge of his office, at his resurrection and ascension to heaven; and therefore he is said to obtain it by inheritance; or he appeared to inherit it of right, and that it was his possession for evermore.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Being made so much better - Being exalted so much above the angels. The word “better” here does not refer to moral character, but to exaltation of rank. As Mediator; as the Son of God in our nature, he is exalted far above the angels.

Than the angels - Than all angels of every rank; see notes on Ephesians 1:21; compare 1 Peter 3:22. “Angels, and authorities, and powers being made subject unto him.” He is exalted to his mediatorial throne, and all things are placed beneath his feet.

As he hath by inheritance - Or in virtue of his name - the Son of God; an exaltation such as is implied in that name. As a son has a rank in a family above servants; as he has a control over the property above that which servants have, so it is with the Mediator. He is the Son of God: angels are the servants of God, and the servants of the church. They occupy a place in the universe compared with what he occupies, similar to the place which servants in a family occupy compared with that which a son has. To illustrate and prove this is the design of the remainder of this chapter. The argument which the apostle insists on is, that the title “the Son of God is to be given to him alone. It has been conferred on no others. Though the angels, and though saints are called in general “sons of God,” yet the title” the Son of God” has been given to him only. As the apostle was writing to Hebrews, he makes his appeal to the Hebrew Scriptures alone for the confirmation of this opinion.

A more excellent name - To wit, the name Son. It is a more honorable and exalted name than has ever been bestowed on them. It involves more exalted privileges, and entitles him on whom it is bestowed to higher respect and honor than any name ever bestowed on them.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

So much better than the angels - Another argument in favor of the Divinity of our Lord. The Jews had the highest opinion of the transcendent excellence of angels, they even associate them with God in the creation of the world, and suppose them to be of the privy council of the Most High; and thus they understand  Genesis 1:26; : Let us make man in our own image, in our own likeness; "And the Lord said to the ministering angels that stood before him, and who were created the second day, Let us make man," etc. See the Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel. And they even allow them to be worshipped for the sake of their Creator, and as his representatives; though they will not allow them to be worshipped for their own sake. As, therefore, the Jews considered them next to God, and none entitled to their adoration but God; on their own ground the apostle proves Jesus Christ to be God, because God commanded all the angels of heaven to worship him. He, therefore, who is greater than the angels, and is the object of their adoration, is God. But Jesus Christ is greater than the angels, and the object of their adoration; therefore Jesus Christ must be God.

By inheritance obtained - Κεκληρονομηκεν ονομα . The verb κληρονομειν  signifies generally to participate, possess, obtain, or acquire; and is so used by the purest Greek writers: Kypke has produced several examples of it from Demosthenes. It is not by inheritance that Christ possesses a more excellent name than angels, but as God: he has it naturally and essentially; and, as God manifested in the flesh, he has it in consequence of his humiliation, sufferings, and meritorious death. See  Philippians 2:9.


Copyright Statement:
New King James
© 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
The text of the New King James Version (NKJV) appearing on or deriving from this or any other web page is for personal use only. Any other use of the NKJV must be in conformity with the Quotation Policy for the New King James Version. For more information about the New King James Version, the Quotation Policy, and for inquiries about permission to use the New King James Version, go to https://www.nelsonbibles.com.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, November 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology