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New King James
Matthew 28:20

teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Barne's Notes;   Box's Commentaries on Selected Books;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Calvin's Commentary;   Cambridge Greek Testament;   Lapide's Commentary;   Church Pulpit Commentary;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Daily Study Bible;   Darby's Synopsis;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Expositor's Greek Testament;   Family Bible New Testament;   Hole's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Golden Chain Commentary;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Godbey's NT Commentary;   Everett's Study Notes;   Geneva Study Bible;   Alford's Commentary;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   The Bible Study New Testament;   Ironside's Notes;   Bengel's Gnomon;   Broadus on Matthew;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   Gray's Commentary;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Wells of Living Water;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   People's New Testament;   Benson's Commentary;   Robertson's Word Pictures;   Ryle's Exposiory Thougths;   Sermon Bible;   Schaff's New Testament Commentary;   Horae Homileticae;   Spurgeon's Verse Expositions;   Scofield's Notes;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Fourfold Gospel;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Vincent's Studies;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - Apostles;   Gospel;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Minister, Christian;   Righteous;   Thompson Chain Reference - All Things;   Christ;   Commands;   Dead, the;   Divine;   Earth;   End of the World;   Fellowship-Estrangement;   Inseparable Christ;   Leaders;   Ministers;   Mortality-Immortality;   Presence, Divine;   Religious;   Resurrection;   Teacher, Divine;   Things, All;   World, the;   The Topic Concordance - Baptism;   Disciples/apostles;   Evangelism;   Gospel;   Sending and Those Sent;   Teaching;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Apostles, the;   Baptism;   Christ Is God;  

Dictionaries:

- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Anger;   Lawyers;   Resurrection of the Dead;   Vine;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Apostle;   Authority;   Church;   Disciple;   Gospels;   Inspiration;   Matthew, gospel of;   Mission;   Teacher;   Thomas;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Age, Ages;   Apostle;   Appoint;   Baptize, Baptism;   Disciple, Discipleship;   Education in Bible Times;   Great Commission, the;   Holy Spirit, Gifts of;   Jesus Christ;   Jesus Christ, Name and Titles of;   Mark, Theology of;   Mission;   Nations, the;   Paul the Apostle;   Presence of God;   Religion;   Remnant;   Slave, Slavery;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Angel;   Covenant;   Ministry, Gospel;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Apostle;   Trinity;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Apostle;   Baptism, Christian;   Resurrection of Christ;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Baptism;   Church;   Gospels;   Immanuel;   Jehovah;   John, the Gospel According to;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Authority;   Baptism;   Church;   Disciples;   Discipline;   Education in Bible Times;   Fulfill;   Immutability of God;   Incarnation;   Instruction;   Jesus Christ;   Jesus, Life and Ministry of;   Matthew, the Gospel of;   Mission(s);   Ordinances;   Resurrection of Jesus Christ;   Second Coming, the;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Atonement;   Ethics;   Incarnation;   Jesus Christ;   Miracles;   World;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Aeon;   Ascension;   Atonement (2);   Attraction;   Attributes of Christ;   Authority in Religion;   Baptism;   Body (2);   Brethren of the Lord (2);   Church (2);   Comfort (2);   Commission;   Consolation;   Eschatology;   Eternity;   Example;   Fellowship;   Fellowship (2);   Fulfilment;   Gentiles;   Immanence ;   Immortality (2);   Keeping;   Kenosis;   Leading;   Logia;   Mansion ;   Mission;   Missions;   Omnipotence;   Omnipresence;   Oneness;   Personality;   Pharisees (2);   Power;   Pre-Eminence ;   Presence (2);   Progress;   Promise (2);   Prophet;   Purity (2);   Quotations (2);   Religion (2);   Righteous, Righteousness;   Sacraments;   Session;   Trinity (2);   Unpardonable Sin;   Witness (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Baptism;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   Immanuel;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Baptism;   Episcopalians;   Inspiration;   Millenarians;   Roman Catholics;  

Encyclopedias:

- Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Tabernacle, the;   Jesus of Nazareth;   Law of Moses, the;   Twelve Apostles, the;   Kingdom or Church of Christ, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Alway;   Apostle;   Ascension;   Authority in Religion;   Baptism (Lutheran Doctrine);   Catechist;   Church;   Eschatology of the New Testament;   Hand;   Matthew, the Gospel of;   Millennium: Premillennial View;   Perpetual;   Philip (2);   Son of God, the;   Teach;  

Devotionals:

- Chip Shots from the Ruff of Life - Devotion for October 18;   Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for December 28;   Every Day Light - Devotion for March 14;   My Utmost for His Highest - Devotion for October 14;  

Parallel Translations

The Amplified Bible
Teaching them to observe everything that I have commanded you, and behold, I am with you all the days ( perpetually, uniformly, and on every occasion), to the [very] close and consummation of the age. Amen (so let it be).

The Complete Jewish Bible
and teaching them to obey everything that I have commanded you. And remember! I will be with you always, yes, even until the end of the age."

American Standard Version
teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I commanded you: and lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world.

Bible in Basic English
Teaching them to keep all the rules which I have given you: and see, I am ever with you, even to the end of the world.

English Revised Version
teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I commanded you: and lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world.

Contemporary English Version
and teach them to do everything I have told you. I will be with you always, even until the end of the world.

English Standard Version
teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age."

Easy-to-Read Version
Teach those people to obey everything that I have told you. You can be sure that I will be with you always. I will continue with you until the end of the world."

The Geneva Bible (1587)
Teaching them to obserue all things, whatsoeuer I haue commanded you: and lo, I am with you alway, vntill the ende of the worlde, Amen.

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
And teach them to obey everything that I have commanded you; and, behold, I am with you all the days, to the end of the world. Amen.

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
Teachyng the to obserue all thynges, whatsoeuer I haue commaunded you. And loe, I am with you alway, euen vnto the ende of the worlde.

Darby's Translation
teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have enjoined you. And behold, *I* am with you all the days, until the completion of the age.

King James Version (1611)
Teaching them to obserue all things, whatsoeuer I haue commanded you: and loe, I am with you alway, euen vnto the end of the world. Amen.

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
and teach them to kepe all thinges, what soeuer I haue commaunded you. And lo, I am with you euery daye vnto the ende of the worlde.

New Revised Standard
and teaching them to obey everything that I have commanded you. And remember, I am with you always, to the end of the age."

Douay-Rheims Bible
Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you. And behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world.

James Murdock Translation of the Peshitta
And teach them to observe all that I have commanded you. And, behold, I am with you always, unto the consummation of the worlds Amen.

Weymouth New Testament
and teach them to obey every command which I have given you. And remember, I am with you always, day by day, until the Close of the Age."

Good News Translation
and teach them to obey everything I have commanded you. And I will be with you always, to the end of the age.>

Holman Christian Standard
teaching them to observe everything I have commanded you. And remember, I am with you always, to the end of the age."

Mace New Testament (1729)
teaching them to observe every thing which I have enjoin'd you: and be assured I shall be always with you to the end of the world.

J.P. Green Literal Translation
teaching them to observe all things, whatever I commanded you. And, behold, I am with you all the days until the completion of the age. Amen.

New Living Translation
Teach these new disciples to obey all the commands I have given you. And be sure of this: I am with you always, even to the end of the age."

New International Version
and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.”

King James Version
Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

New Century Version
Teach them to obey everything that I have taught you, and I will be with you always, even until the end of this age." Make the road straight for him.' "

New Life Version
Teach them to do all the things I have told you. And I am with you always, even to the end of the world."

Hebrew Names Version
teaching them to observe all things which I commanded you. Behold, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amein.

International Standard Version
teaching them to obey all that I have commanded you. And remember, I am with you each and every day until the end of the age."

John Etheridge Translation of the Peshitta
And teach them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you. And, behold, I am with you all the days, until the consummation of the world. Amen.

New American Standard Version
teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age."

The Emphasised Bible
Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I myself have commanded you, And lo! I, am, with you, all the days, until the conclusion of the age.

Revised Standard Version
teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, to the close of the age."

Tyndale Bible
Teachinge them to observe all thynges what soever I comcommaunded you. And lo I am with you all waye even vntyll the ende of the worlde.

Updated Bible Version 1.9
teaching them to observe all things whatever I commanded you: and look, I am with you always, even to the end of the world.

The Webster Bible
Teaching them to observe all things whatever I have commanded you: and lo, I am with you always, [even] to the end of the world. Amen.

World English Bible
teaching them to observe all things which I commanded you. Behold, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.

Wesley's New Testament (1755)
Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you; and lo I am with you always, even to the end of the world.

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
techynge hem to kepe alle thingis, what euer thingis Y haue comaundid to you; and lo! Y am with you in alle daies, in to the ende of the world.

Young's Literal Translation
teaching them to observe all, whatever I did command you,) and lo, I am with you all the days -- till the full end of the age.'

The Message
Then instruct them in the practice of all I have commanded you. I'll be with you as you do this, day after day after day, right up to the end of the age."

Lexham English Bible
teaching them to observe everything I have commanded you, and behold, I am with you all the days until the end of the age."

Contextual Overview

16Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, to the mountain which Jesus had appointed for them. 17When they saw Him, they worshiped Him; but some doubted. 18And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
them
7:24-27; Deuteronomy 5:32; 12:32; Acts 2:42; 20:20,21,27; 1 Corinthians 11:2,23; 14:37; Ephesians 4:11-17,20-32; Colossians 1:28; 1 Thessalonians 4:1,2; 2 Thessalonians 3:6-12; 1 Timothy 6:1-4; Titus 2:1-10; 1 Peter 2:10-19; 2 Peter 1:5-11; 3:2; 1 John 2:3,4; 3:19-24; Revelation 22:14
I am
1:23; 18:20; Genesis 39:2,3,21; Exodus 3:12; Joshua 1:5; Psalms 46:7,11; Isaiah 8:8-10; Isaiah 41:10; Mark 16:20; John 14:18-23; Acts 18:9,10; 2 Timothy 4:17; Revelation 22:21
unto
13:39,40,49; 24:3
Amen
6:13; 1 Kings 1:36; 1 Chronicles 16:36; Psalms 72:19; Revelation 1:18; 22:20

Cross-References

Genesis 28:1
Then Isaac called Jacob and blessed him, and charged him, and said to him: "You shall not take a wife from the daughters of Canaan.

Genesis 28:2
Arise, go to Padan Aram, to the house of Bethuel your mother's father; and take yourself a wife from there of the daughters of Laban your mother's brother.

Genesis 28:3
"May God Almighty bless you, And make you fruitful and multiply you, That you may be an assembly of peoples;

Genesis 28:7
and that Jacob had obeyed his father and his mother and had gone to Padan Aram.

Genesis 28:10
Now Jacob went out from Beersheba and went toward Haran.

Genesis 28:12
Then he dreamed, and behold, a ladder was set up on the earth, and its top reached to heaven; and there the angels of God were ascending and descending on it.

Genesis 28:15
Behold, I am with you and will keep you wherever you go, and will bring you back to this land; for I will not leave you until I have done what I have spoken to you."

Genesis 28:20
Then Jacob made a vow, saying, "If God will be with me, and keep me in this way that I am going, and give me bread to eat and clothing to put on,

Genesis 31:13
I am the God of Bethel, where you anointed the pillar and where you made a vow to Me. Now arise, get out of this land, and return to the land of your family."'

1 Samuel 1:11
Then she made a vow and said, "O LORD of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction of Your maidservant and remember me, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a male child, then I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head."

Gill's Notes on the Bible

Teaching them to observe all things,.... All ordinances, not only baptism, but the Lord's supper; all positive institutions, and moral duties; all obligations, both to God and men; all relative duties that respect the world, or one another, those that are without, and those that are within; and these are to be taught them, and therefore to be insisted on in the ministry of the word; and not merely in order that they may know them, and have the theory of them, but that the may put them into practice:

whatsoever I have commanded you; every thing that Christ has commanded, be it what it will, and nothing else; for Christ's ministers are not to teach for doctrines the commandments of men; or enjoin that on the churches, which is of their own, or other men's devising, and was never ordered by Christ; and for their encouragement he adds,

and lo! I am with you always, even unto the end of the world: meaning, not merely to the end of their lives, which would be the end of the world to them; nor to the end of the Jewish world, or state, which was not a great way off, though this is sometimes the sense of this phrase; but to the end of the world to come, the Gospel church state, which now took place; or to the end of the present world, the universe: not that the apostles should live to the end of it; but that whereas Christ would have a church and people to the end of the world, and the Gospel and the ordinances of it should be administered so long, and there should be Gospel ministers till that time; Christ's sense is, that he would grant his presence to them, his immediate disciples, and to all that should succeed them in future generations, to the end of time: and which is to be understood not of his corporeal presence, which they should not have till then, but of his spiritual presence; and that he would be with them, in a spiritual sense, to assist them in their work, to comfort them under all discouragements, to supply them with his grace, and to protect them from all enemies, and preserve from all evils; which is a great encouragement both to administer the word and ordinances, and attend on them.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Lo, I am with you - That is, by my Spirit, my providence, my attending counsel and guidance. I will strengthen, assist, and direct you. This also proves that Christ is divine. If he is a mere man, or a creature, though of the highest order, how could he promise to be “with” his disciples “always,” or at all? They would be scattered far and wide. His disciples would greatly increase. If he was “with them” always, he was God; for no finite creature could thus be present with many people scattered in different parts of the world.

Unto the end of the world - The word rendered “world,” here, sometimes means “age or state” and by some it has been supposed to mean, I will be with you until the end of this “age,” or during the continuance of the Jewish state, to the destruction of Jerusalem. But as the presence of Christ was no less necessary after that than before, there seems to be no propriety in limiting the promise to his own age. It may therefore be considered as a gracious assurance that he would aid, strengthen, guide, and defend all his disciples, but more especially his ministers, to the end of time.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

Teaching them to observe all things - Men are ignorant of Divine things, and must be taught. Only those can be considered as proper teachers of the ignorant who are thoroughly instructed in whatsoever Christ has commanded. Persons who are entrusted with the public ministry of the word should take care that they teach not human creeds and confessions of faith, in place of the Sacred Writings; but those things, and those only, which Jesus has commanded.

And, lo, I am with you alway - και ιδου εγω μεθ 'ὑμων ειμι πασας τας ἡμερας - literally, Behold, I am with you every day. A minister of Christ should consider, that while his soul simply and uniformly follows Jesus, he shall be made a constant instrument of bringing many sons and daughters to glory. The dark, it is true, must be enlightened, the ignorant instructed, the profligate reclaimed, the guilty justified, and the unholy sanctified; and who is sufficient for this work? He with whom the Son of God is Every Day, and none other.

Unto the end of the world - Some translate, ἑως της συντελειας του αιωνος, to the end of this age; meaning the apostolic age, or Jewish dispensation; and then they refer the promise of Christ's presence to the working of miracles, and explain this by Mark 16:17-19. By my name they shall cast out demons, etc., etc. But though the words are used in this sense in several places, see Matthew 13:39, Matthew 13:40, Matthew 13:49; Matthew 24:3, yet it is certain they were repeatedly used among the primitive ecclesiastical writers to denote the consummation of all things; and it is likely that this is the sense in which they are used here, which the Anglo-Saxon has happily expressed: - And I, be with you all days, until world ending; and this is indispensably necessary, because the presence and influence of Jesus Christ are essentially requisite in every age of the world, to enlighten, instruct, and save the lost. The promise takes in not only the primitive apostles, but also all their successors in the Christian ministry, as long as the earth shall endure.

Amen - This word is omitted by some of the oldest and most authentic MSS., and by some versions and fathers. When it is considered that the word amen simply means so be it! we may at once perceive that it could not be added by our Lord. For our Lord could not pray that his own will might be done, or his own promise fulfilled. The word is, therefore, utterly impertinent as a part of the sacred text, and could neither have been added by our Lord, nor by the evangelist. The amens at the end of the sacred books have no other authority than what they derive from the transcribers of copies; and, at best, are only to be considered as the pious wish of the writer, or of the Church, that the promises contained in the sacred volume may be accomplished. Indeed, it seems often to have no other meaning than our finis at the end of our books.

In the MSS. and versions there are various subscriptions, or epigraphs, to this Gospel: the following are the principal: -

"The Gospel according to Matthew - written by him in Jerusalem - in Palestine - in the east - in the Hebrew dialect - in Hebrew - eight years after the ascension of Christ - interpreted by John - by James the brother of the Lord."

The subscription in some copies of the Arabic version is very full: "The end of the copy of the Gospel of Matthew the Apostle. He wrote it in the land of Palestine, by inspiration of the Holy Spirit, in the Hebrew tongue, eight years after the bodily ascension of Jesus the Messiah into heaven, in the first year of the reign of Claudius Caesar, king of Rome."

These are sufficient to show how little credit should be attached to the subscriptions found at the end of the sacred books, either in the MSS., or in the versions.

  1. In concluding my notes on this evangelist, I cannot express myself better than in the words of the late Mr. Wakefield, to whom this commentary has been in many instances indebted. "I have now finished my observations on the Gospel of Matthew: a piece of history, it must be acknowledged, the most singular in its composition, the most wonderful in its contents, and the most important in its object, that was ever exhibited to the notice of mankind. For simplicity of narrative, and an artless relation of facts, without any applause or censure, or digressive remarks, on the part of the historian, upon the characters introduced in it; without any intermixture of his own opinion, upon any subject whatsoever; and for a multiplicity of internal marks of credibility, this Gospel certainly has no parallel among human productions."
  • One thing the pious and intelligent reader has, no doubt, already noticed: there is not one truth, or doctrine, in the whole oracles of God, which is not taught in this evangelist. The outlines of the whole spiritual system are here correctly laid down: even Paul himself has added nothing; he has amplified and illustrated the truths contained in this Gospel; but, even under the direct inspiration of the Holy Ghost, neither he nor any other of the apostles have brought to light any one truth, the prototype of which has not been found in the words or acts of our blessed Lord, as related by Matthew, in the work which has already passed under review. The Gospel by St. Matthew is the grand text-book of Christianity; the other Gospels are collateral evidences of its truth, and the apostolic epistles are comments on the text. In the commencement of this work, I stated my wish, "to assist my fellow laborers in the vineyard to lead men to Him who is the fountain of all excellence, goodness, truth, and happiness; - to magnify his Law, and make it honorable; - to show the wonderful provision made in his Gospel for the recovery and salvation of a sinful world; - to prove that God's great design is to make his creatures Happy; and that such a salvation as it becomes God to give, and such as man needs to receive, is within the grasp of every human soul." - General Preface, before Genesis. And having thus far done what I could, in reference to these great and important purposes, here I register my thanks to the ever-blessed God, Father, Word, and Holy Spirit, that he has permitted me to cast my mite into this sacred treasury, to add my feeble testimony to his Eternal Truth; and has spared me, in the midst of many infirmities and oppressive labors, to see the conclusion of this Gospel, a consummation which I had long devoutly wished, but which I had scarcely hoped ever to see realized. May the Divine Author of this sacred book give the reader a heart-felt experience of all the truths it contains; make and keep him wise unto salvation; build him up in this most holy faith; and give him an inheritance among the blessed, through Christ Jesus, the Friend of mankind, and the Savior of sinners, who is the object and end of this glorious system of truth! And to Him, with the Father and Eternal Spirit, be glory and dominion, thanksgiving and obedience, for ever and ever, Amen and amen!

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    Tuesday, September 17th, 2019
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