corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.07.17
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Before, Beforetime

Resource Toolbox
A — 1: πρῶτον
(Strong's #4412 — Adverb — proton — pro'-ton )

the neuter of the adjective protos (the superlative degree of pro, "before"), signifies "first, or at the first," (a) in order of time, e.g., Luke 10:5 ; John 18:13 ; 1 Corinthians 15:46 ; 1 Thessalonians 4:16 ; 1 Timothy 3:10 ; (b) in enumerating various particulars, e.g., Romans 3:2 ; 1 Corinthians 11:18 ; 12:28 ; Hebrews 7:2 ; James 3:17 . It is translated "before" in John 15:18 . See CHIEFLY , FIRST.

A — 2: πρότερον
(Strong's #4386 — Adjective — proteron — prot'-er-on )

the neuter of proteros, the comparative degree of pro, is always used of time, and signifies "aforetime, before," e.g., John 6:62 ; 9:8 ; 2 Corinthians 1:15 ; Hebrews 7:27 ; in Galatians 4:13 , "the first time" (RV), lit., "the former time," i.e., the former of two previous visits; in Hebrews 10:32 it is placed between the article and the noun, "the former days;" so in 1 Peter 1:14 , "the former lusts," i.e., the lusts formerly indulged. See FIRST , FORMER.

A — 3: πρίν
(Strong's #4250 — Adverb — prin — prin )

"before, formerly" (etymologically akin to pro, "before"), has the force of a conjunction, e.g., Matthew 1:18 ; 26:34,75 ; John 14:29 ; Acts 7:2 .

A — 4: ἔμπροσθεν
(Strong's #1715 — Adverb — emprosthen — em'-pros-then )

is used of place or position only; adverbially, signifying "in front," Luke 19:28 ; Philippians 3:13 ; Revelation 4:6 ; as a preposition, e.g., Matthew 5:24 ; John 10:4 ; with the meaning "in the sight of a person," e.g., Matthew 5:16 ; 6:1 ; 17:2 ; Luke 19:27 ; John 12:37 ; 1 Thessalonians 2:19 , RV, "before;" AV, "in the presence of;" Revelation 19:10 , RV, "before," especially in phrases signifying in the sight of God, as God wills, Matthew 11:26 ; 18:14 (lit., "a thing willed before your Father," RV, marg.); Luke 10:21 ; in the sense of "priority of rank or position or dignity," John 1:15,30 (in some texts, John 1:27 ); in an antagonistic sense, "against," Matthew 23:13 (RV, marg., "before").

A — 5: ἐναντίον
(Strong's #1726 — Preposition — enantion — en-an-tee'-on )

from en, "in," and anti, "over against," the neuter of the adjective enantios, and virtually an adverb, is also used as a preposition signifying "in the presence of, in the sight of," Luke 20:26 ; Acts 7:10 ; 8:32 ; "in the judgment of," Luke 24:19 .

A — 6: ἔναντι
(Strong's #1725 — Adverb — enanti — en'-an-tee )

an adverb, used as a preposition, has meanings like those of No. 5, "before," Luke 1:8 ; "in the judgment of," Acts 8:21 . Some texts have the word in Acts 7:10 .

A — 7: ἀπέναντι
(Strong's #561 — Preposition — apenanti — ap-en'-an-tee )

apo, "from," with No. 6, denotes (a) "opposite," Matthew 27:61 ; (b) "in the sight of, before," Matthew 27:24 ; Acts 3:16 ; Romans 3:18 ; (c) "against," Acts 17:7 . See CONTRARY , PRESENCE.

A — 8: κατέναντι
(Strong's #2713 — Adverb — katenanti — kat-en'-an-tee )

kata, "down," with No. 6, lit., "down over against," is used (a) of locality, e.g., Mark 11:2 ; 13:3 ; Luke 19:30 ; (b) as "in the sight of," Romans 4:17 ; in most mss. in 2 Corinthians 2:17 ; 12:19 .

A — 9: ἐνώπιον
(Strong's #1799 — Preposition — enopion — en-o'-pee-on )

from en, "in," and ops, "the eye," is the neuter of the adjective enopios, and is used prepositionally, (a) of place, that which is before or opposite a person, "towards which he turns his eyes," e.g., Luke 1:19 ; Acts 4:10 ; 6:6 ; Revelation 1:4 ; 4:10 ; 7:15 ; (b) in metaphorical phrases after verbs of motion, Luke 1:17 ; 12:9 ; Acts 9:15 , etc.; signifying "in the mind or soul of persons," Luke 12:6 ; Acts 10:31 ; Revelation 16:19 ; (c) "in one's sight or hearing," Luke 24:43 ; John 20:30 ; 1 Timothy 6:12 ; metaphorically, Romans 14:22 ; especially in Galatians 1:20 ; 1 Timothy 5:21 ; 6:13 ; 2 Timothy 2:14 ; 4:1 ; before, as "having a person present to the mind," Acts 2:25 ; James 4:10 ; "in the judgment of a person," Luke 16:15 ; 24:11 , RV, "in their sight," for AV, "to;" Acts 4:19 ; Romans 3:20 ; 12:17 ; 2 Corinthians 8:21 ; 1 Timothy 2:3 ; "in the approving sight of God," Luke 1:75 ; Acts 7:46 ; 10:33 ; 2 Corinthians 4:2 ; 7:12 . See PRESENCE , SIGHT OF (in the).

A — 10: κατενώπιον
(Strong's #2714 — Adverb — katenopion — kat-en-o'-pee-on )

kata, "against," with No. 9, signifies "right over against, opposite;" (a) of place, Jude 1:24 ; (b) before God as Judge, Ephesians 1:4 ; Colossians 1:22 . See No. 8 (b).

B — 1: προϋπάρχω
(Strong's #4391 — Verb — prouparcho — pro-oop-ar'-kho )

"to exist before, or be beforehand," is found in Luke 23:12 ; Acts 8:9 , "beforetime." In the Sept., Job 42:18 .


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Before, Beforetime'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/b/before-beforetime.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, July 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
ADVERTISEMENT
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

 
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology