Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4391 - προϋπάρχω

Transliteration
proÿpárchō
Phonetics
pro-oop-ar'-kho
Origin
from (G4253) and (G5225)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to be before, exist previously
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
Luke
1
Acts
1
NAS (2)
Luke
1
Acts
1
HCS (2)
Luke
1
Acts
1
BSB (2)
Luke
1
Acts
1
ESV (2)
Luke
1
Acts
1
WEB (2)
Luke
1
Acts
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

προϋπ-άρχω,

take the initiative in a thing, c. gen., ἀδικίας Th. 3.40; τῶν εὐεργεσιῶν, τῆς ἔχθρας, Isoc. 5.36,125: c. dat., π. τῷ ποιεῖν εὖ D. 20.46: with neut. Adj., π. τι ἔς τινα D.C. 38.34: Pass., τὰ προϋπηργμένα εἰς αὑτόν benefits formerly received, D. 49.25, cf. OGI 244.8 (Daphne, ii B.C. ), Hierocl. in CA 7p.429M.; but also προϋπηργμένα ἀδικήματα Iamb. Myst. 4.5 .

II intr., exist before, be pre-existent, Th. 2.85, 4.126, Pl. Prt. 317d, PLille 1v4 (iii B.C.), etc.; οἱ νόμοι οἱ προϋπάρχοντες Arist. Pol. 1292b20, cf. SIG 526.31 (Itanos, iii B.C. ); ἡ τῶν σωμάτων αὔξησις ἐκ προϋπαρχόντων ἐστίν from pre-existent materials, Arist. Rh. 1419b22; πᾶσα μάθησις ἐκ προϋπαρχούσης γίνεται γνώσεως Id. APo. 0.71a1; προϋπάρξαντα things that happened before, past events, v.l. for πρὶν ὑπ . in D. 1.11; τὰ προϋπάρχοντα former possessions, Ceb. 31, D.C. 38.38; οἱ π. ὕπατοι the previous consuls, Plb. 3.106.2: pf. Pass., τὰ προϋπηργμένα antecedents, D. 18.262, Arist. Rh. 1367b13; οἰκειότης, χάρις προϋπηργμένη, J. Ap. 1.29, A.D. Synt. 132.21 .

2. c. gen., προϋπάρχειν δεῖ τὸ κινοῦν τοῦ κινουμένου must exist before . ., Arist. MA 700b1; π. ἑαυτοῦ S.E. M. 10.208; to be logically prior, μέθοδος πασῶν προϋπάρχουσα καὶ κυριωτέρα Nicom. Ar. 1.4 .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** προ -ϋπ -άρχω ,

[in LXX: Job 42:18*;]

1. to be beforehand in.

2. to be before or previously: c. ptcp., Luke 23:12, Acts 8:9.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the literal sense ";root"; cf. P Oxy XIV. 1674.5 (iii/A.D.) καῦσον τὴν ῥίζαν αὐτῆς, ";burn its roots,"; with reference to an acacia tree. In P Lond 121.173 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 89) the eating of roots of bugloss, [ ]ίζας βυγλου (i.e. βουληώσσου), is recommended to prevent the breath from smelling after eating garlic. The metaphorical sense of ";origin,"; ";ancestry,"; is seen in OGIS 383.31 (mid. i/B.C.), where Antiochus I. refers to the Persians and Greeks as ἐμοῦ γένους εὐτυχεστάτη ῥίζα : cf. Revelation 22:16.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
προ=πήρχεν προ=πήρχον προυπηρχεν προυπῆρχεν προϋπῆρχεν προυπηρχον προϋπῆρχον προφασίζεσθαι προφασίζεται prouperchen proupêrchen proupērchen proupē̂rchen prouperchon proupērchon proüpêrchon proüpē̂rchon
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse: